According to one of the versions the first knitting was invented by the Arabs. During the famous campaigns, the Crusaders peeped over the subtleties of the craft and brought this knowledge to Spain. In another version, it is believed that in the Old World knitting techniques brought monk Copts, whose clothing stood out against the background of the roughly woven things of Europeans. For certain to find out who exactly got the first loop on spokes, most likely it will not be possible. The age of knitting techniques also varies greatly, from 5-6 hundreds of years to a millennium. Now things made with knitting needles and crochet, still remain relevant. Some craftsmen create complete toilets with caps, gloves, skirts, sweaters and handbags from threads. Knitted decor for the house brings a feeling of warmth and comfort. In addition, these things are easy to do on their own, it's enough just to cut a window in the graphics for needlework. In the article we will talk about the techniques of knitting and the options for decorating rooms with nice handicrafts.
At the moment there are two main types of binding:
- On spokes;
Although there are a number of less popular techniques with a fork or shuttle. Knitting needles can be knit in English and European (continental) way. The only difference is that in the first case, the thread from the coil is placed on the index finger of the right hand, and in the second - on the left. European technology is popular in Japan, but in China they prefer the American one. In the
The United Kingdom and the United States use both methods. Although there is no significant difference, many choose the way to mate for a lefty and right-hander. If you work with needles, then there are two main types of loops:
The loops are interconnected, since the obverse on the reverse side look like the purl and vice versa. They are used in any binding. To obtain complex patterns (knobs, pigtails, mesh), crossed, elongated, edge, double, air, additional, and hinges with a crochet are added to the canvas. Among the types of mating are hosiery (usual and elastic), scarf, Scandinavian two-color, rice, enterlak, patchwork, quilt and "domino". Also popular is the so-called "rubber band". It is classified into English, convex, hollow, double, with moved or crossed loops. If the craftsman prefers crochet, then two techniques are most often used for work:
- Tunisian knitting;
- Irish lace.
In addition, they also use smooth surface, nuking, fillet, Bavarian and embossed knitting. In the knitters' patterns, there will be air loops (the base in the work by crochet), relief, connecting posts and half-columns with one (two, three, four) or without it, a "stepping step", pico. With the help of yarn and hook, you can create an original, beautiful decoration for your home interior. Craftsmen are crocheting pillow cases, plaids, napkins, potholders, holders for hot and covers for sofas, dishes, bottles.
In recent years, the technique of knitting with hands without any special devices is gaining popularity, that is, the loops are typed with fingers. For this method, any yarn is suitable. You can buy special thick, fluffy threads from which voluminous things are obtained, or use the usual to get the delicate product.
Pillows, blankets - warmth and comfort in the interior
Pillows and blankets are the main home decoration for upholstered furniture and an excellent way to master simple knitting techniques for beginners. Pillowcases are made in the same way as the blanket, but with the subsequent fastening of the lock or sewing part of the backrest, which will form a pocket. Although hand-knitting is not as ideal as the machine, after the first wash, the rows of loops on the items tend to be leveled. For the manufacture of blankets use four techniques:
|Straight||It does not differ from ordinary knitting, as the transitions are carried out from row to row.|
|Slanting or diagonal||In this case, you need to move from the corner to the middle with a set of loops, and then again to the corner with their decrease.|
|Circular||Blankets so knit quite rarely, as the technique is used mainly for making rugs. At the same time they move from the center of the canvas to its edges.|
|Modular||First, bind individual parts of the rug, which later are sewn together. The technique is similar to patchwork.|
For pillows, the methods are the same except for circular knitting, which is not used because of the special shape of the finished product. Knitted patchwork is especially interesting. Individual modules can be connected after manufacture or in the process. Sewing them with a needle is the simplest option. Connection with the help of a hook will create openwork spaces between modules that will add a plaid of elegance. To work you will need a multicolored yarn and knitting needles. Modules can have a classic square shape or be round, triangular, in the form of asterisks or rhombuses.
Miniature children's trinkets can be used instead of envelopes for babies, if a child needs to walk or visit a polyclinic.
See also: Decor of an old suitcase - ideas for an interior +75 photo
Knitted covers for furniture
Covers for furniture are needed primarily to protect its surface from wear and tear, and the beauty goes to the background. So many people think, but functional does not always mean mediocre. With the help of spokes or hooks, you can tie most of the furniture and decorate the house with a cozy and soft handmade. Also, a warm "protection" will help to change the style in the interior or disguise the worn upholstery. When knitting covers on armchairs and sofas, two techniques are usually combined. The main part of the canvas, in contact with the human body, is executed without patterns and relief elements, which can cause some discomfort when sitting or lying down. But the hanging parts that cover the lower part of the sofa and armrests, can already be created with pigtails, cones, flowers. To make such patterns, you will need schemes that can be found on the Internet or special magazines on needlework.
Ottomans have become a convenient and easy replacement for cumbersome chairs and hard chairs. They are mobile, soft and perfectly repeat the shape of the body, allowing you to take any pose while sitting. The ottomans have a small height, so they are convenient in cases where a person does something at a coffee table or directly on the floor. The lack of a backrest is useful for the spine. Seated on the pouffe is similar to training with a fitball, when a person has to balance and balance, thereby passively connecting different muscle groups. If necessary, such furniture can be used instead of tables. Puffs are organically combined with modern style and are considered the best option for small apartments, where there is no place for massive furniture. To create a simple frameless element, you will need:
- 700 g of thick yarn;
- Needles (15 mm);
- Foam for filling;
- Thread and needle or hook for stitching.
To make an ottoman with a width and height of 50 cm, you need to collect 40-50 loops. About 140-150 rows will have to be kneaded. Instead of a painstaking calculation, the measurement method is usually used "by eye". The length of the first dialed row will be the height of the future puff, and the width of the mating will be its "circumference". After the canvas is ready, its "short" edges are stitched together. Sidewalls are tightened and also fixed from the inside, pre-filled with foam rubber.
Crochet accessories for dining room
With the help of yarn and spokes or hooks, you can create not only ordinary napkins, but also covers for cups, glasses, potholders, decorative towels or warmers. For the manufacture of caps or hats on teapots use woolen threads. They are known to keep heat well and allow it to last much longer. A similar situation with cup cases and cup holders. Woolen "clothes" will help to stretch the savor with warm tea and save your hands from burns. Acrylic or cotton threads are used for stitches. Synthetics, when in contact with a hot baking sheet, will melt. Potholders and substrates under the hotter will become a cute and cozy decoration in the kitchen. Crochet knit lace festive tablecloths, which will be in harmony with the rustic and ethnic style, Provence. If there is not enough space in the kitchen, then from the stand for cutlery, you can safely refuse in favor of hinged "pockets". They are knitted with knitting needles, and then fastened directly to the wall. Of course, previously cutlery should be dried, so that the pockets do not accumulate moisture.
Rugs and tracks are very popular even in modern interiors. This cozy addition will make the strict atmosphere softer and lively. Rugs can have a variety of shapes, from classic squares and circles to asymmetric options. The latter are performed in the technique of knitted patchwork. From small round rugs lay entire "paths" on the floor along the main "main" of the room. For a bathroom, these products are not suitable, since they retain moisture and eventually start to emit an unpleasant odor. But in this situation there is a way out, because instead of yarn, you can use plastic bags. Of them, twists are twisted, which replace the thread. Knit such rugs, non-clogs, better crocheted.Read also: Decor for the house with your own hands - ideas for design + photo
You can make rugs not only from yarn or bags. In the course will go spoiled kapron tights, ribbons for bows and even old T-shirts, cut into strips.
Openwork cases for candlesticks, vases and other containers
Cases for jars, candlesticks, bottles and boxes have long become a classic. They are ideally combined with a provence and retro. A simple bank will become a beautiful piece of decor if you decorate it with a knitted "clothing" with a collar at the neck. Original compositions from different sizes of containers with covers, made in several techniques, look original. Candlesticks at night, thanks to mating, will exude soft, diffused light, which will be a pleasant addition to the romantic atmosphere. You can decorate with covers not only the containers, but also the candles themselves. They are "dressed" in "sweaters" with clasps and buttons. Looks great similar compositions under the New Year tree, near the Easter cake and a basket with eggs.
New Year's decor
In the New Year, you always want something special. In addition to the standard set of garlands, rain and balls, the Christmas tree is decorated with knitted snowflakes, beasts and hearts. From the yarn, warm "pockets" are made, into which pine cones and miniature gifts are placed. If there is no tree itself, then it is made of thread. A miniature version of a green beauty, of course, does not replace a coniferous original, but it will help create a sense of celebration. Wreaths are collected from knitted balls and wool balls, which are additionally decorated with sequins, beads, buttons, ribbons and cones. Bells with coquettish satin bows made with knitting needles will decorate the window, the Christmas tree and the candles on the table. The bearded Santa Claus is also made from yarn using a hook. Such miniatures decorate any surface and complement other decorations.
Crochet pillowcases are provided with pockets. On New Year's holidays they are decorated with spruce branches decorated with spangles.
Knitted toys - amigurumi and not only
Amigurumi - the technique of knitting beasts and humanized objects (muffins, rolls, fruits, hats) that appeared in Japan. The description of the method is easy to find on the Internet. The very word "amigurumi" from the Japanese language is translated as "wrapped, knitted". Perhaps the technique would remain popular only in Japan itself, if at the end of the last century the world did not embrace the fashion for everything "kavaynoye", that is, provoking affection, charming. One of the symbols of this culture was the little girl Hello Kitty, which the Japanese actively vyvyazyvali in all sorts of colors and clothes. In the technique of amigurumi, they create deer, cats, dogs, bear cubs, fish, octopuses. The main thing is that the toy turned out to be touching. The sizes of classical amigurumi did not exceed 10 cm. Now there is a tendency of growth of toys, some models can reach 50 cm in height. Amigurumi is used instead of key rings for handbags or bags, but some collect entire collections on shelves at home. Crochet beast knitting and crocheting. The Japanese also like to make anime and manga heroes in such a technique: Pikachu (and other Pokémon), Poncho fish, Totoro.
Knitting is an occupation, superbly soothing nerves and generating patience. This kind of needlework develops fine motor skills, which is useful for adults and children. Decor created with knitting needles or crochet will become an original, lovely and simply beautiful addition to the home.