The Scandinavian house is a general concept that includes the architectural culture and traditions of our northern neighbors - the peoples of Finland, Denmark, Sweden, Norway. Severe nature of the north has found its reflection in architecture. This can be as single-story houses, and two-story houses, where the function of the second floor is performed by the attic. The main focus of the construction is the functionality and purity of the materials used. When building a wooden country house, a frame is often used. A minimum of decor is a consequence of the harsh nature of the peoples of the north. When building a house take into account the place of development and the landscape. This is usually a country house. House or cottage in the Scandinavian style can not be confused with other facilities.
Here are the main distinguishing features of a Scandinavian-style home:
- Very unusual gable roof in various levels, with a sharp top.
- The main material in the construction is a frame. The docking points of the log cabins form an interesting geometric pattern on the walls.
- In the interior, the tree is used as much as possible.
- Use in the construction of frame structures.
A small house in Scandinavian style attracts views with its beauty and rustic chic.
The project of a country house in the Scandinavian style is the diploma work of the graduate of the design department of the Moscow University.
The facade of the building of the house is decorated in accordance with the requirements of the Scandinavian style. Contrasting woodwork becomes a notable feature of the style.
In this article, read:
- 1 Types of Scandinavian houses
- 2 Design and interior
- 3 Features Scandinavian style. Video
- 4 House in the Scandinavian style - nobility and become
Types of Scandinavian houses
Each detail of the facade of the house in Scandinavian style is well thought out and fully meets the requirements of functionality. The main task of this house is to keep the heat, so the wood sheathing between the beams is not an interesting decoration element, but the additional protection of the premises from wind and frost. Most often, in the construction of houses from a beam, a glued or profiled bar is used. Scandinavian style in architecture is emphasized by the roof. The gable roof also performs a certain task: in the spring it is not necessary to clean the melted snow, in addition, it helps to avoid the rupture of the roof when the log is shrinking.
Scandinavian frame houses are very popular. The project of the house is better to entrust to professionals, as it is necessary to choose the right building material, corresponding to the nature of the construction site. The basis of the Scandinavian frame house is a frame made of planed boards or other lumber. The frame consists of horizontal beams and vertical rails, as well as other supporting structures. For plating on the outside, a Scandinavian façade board is used, inside - the lining in accordance with the design of the room. Between the two platings the insulation is laid. Scandinavian is the most acceptable in combination price-quality.
Scandinavian house made of log house - the most common variation of suburban real estate. Attractive exterior in combination with a relatively low price of construction make houses in the Scandinavian style popular and in demand.
House in Scandinavian style in Berlin.
The triangular shape of the roof is ideal for areas where snow falls heavily in winter. The design allows precipitation to flow evenly and not stay on the roof.
Design and interior
What can be the project of the house? A modern wooden house in Scandinavian style is a wooden house from a fairy tale, providing all conditions for comfortable living inside. Colors used in the interior of Scandinavian houses: white, beige, brown, pink, terracotta, all natural wood colors.
Doors and windows are made of wood. All the rooms in the house are paneled with wooden panels. In such a wooden cottage, internal beams and ceilings are widely used. They can be adapted to additional lighting sources. Floors should be made of light wood and varnished. The brilliant surface of the floor visually adds lightness and air to the interior of the country house. Sections of walls without panels and a ceiling are better for painting in light, quiet colors.
The staircase leading to the second or attic floor is simple and constructive, it takes up little space and does not attract special attention.
On the attic floor there is a bedroom. The ceiling itself is not there, its function is performed by the roof. Therefore, the design of a bedroom of this type - in the Scandinavian style - depends entirely on the level of the roof slope and the location of the windows. This is a very fertile soil for the imagination of the designer and the hosts. The central place in the bedroom is allocated beds. The bed is filled with a quilt, necessarily presence of large square snow-white pillows with national embroidery.
Scandinavian style in the interior emphasizes wicker furniture. It can be both an independent element of the interior, and complement the basic wooden furniture.
The kitchen in the Scandinavian style is furnished with wooden furniture, which organically looks on the background of the walls from the log house.
Scandinavian style in the interior attracts with its simplicity and restraint. Calm, soft colors are great for arranging the living room.
Wicker chairs, boxes, stools perfectly fit into the design of the house. Wicker inserts are exquisitely complemented by pine cabinets and chests of drawers. In Scandinavian style, an abundance of additional lighting is welcomed. It can be floor and wall lamps, chandeliers, all kinds of lights.
Upholstery of upholstered furniture, sofa cushions, tablecloths are made of natural material of simple or even rough nature, for example flax. The color scheme is diverse, the pattern is made in the same color, only with a more intensive coloring. Preference is given to blue and light gray shades. On the towels and tablecloths there are national Scandinavian patterns. Carpets and carpets are excluded, it is better to put homespun rugs or knitted carpets on the floors. Furniture and upholstery in color should be allocated from the general color scheme of the room.
The Scandinavian design of the country house lounge assumes the presence of a fireplace. The facade part of the fireplace is made of natural stone, fenced with a decorative metal grille. The function of the fireplace is not only decorative, it also serves as a source of additional heat in the house. The fireplace can be replaced with a cast-iron fireplace.
Guest room on the attic floor of the house. The attic space under the clear guidance of the designer has become a full-fledged, functional and attractive living room.
Bedroom with a large double bed made of wood in the house of a French businessman.
The kitchen is equipped with all necessary household appliances. Kitchen furniture is made of light wood. The interior of the kitchen is decorated with a massive wooden table and chairs with round backs. A classic blue and white porcelain set in the center of the table will dilute the brown scale and give the kitchen an extraordinarily cozy feel. Winners look like window curtains and a tablecloth in one color scale, for example in a box or monophonic.
The bathroom is no different from a bathroom in a city apartment. In a country house you can install a so-called Finnish sauna.
Wooden houses in Scandinavian style are suitable for people who love comfort and privacy. This is a great place to be alone with yourself and nature, dream and think about the future.
The presence of the Scandinavian style is evidenced by the use of predominantly natural materials for interior design. Wooden furniture, natural upholstery fabrics, a small carpet track together constitute an integral picture of the interior in Scandinavian style.
A spacious kitchen in the Scandinavian style should be as light as possible. Priority is given to daylight, so the kitchen is equipped with large windows with wooden frames.