Rosa is the most symbolic party of a flower bouquet and a magnificent garden decoration in a holiday village. In the flower garden, she unconditionally becomes the dominant queen, who mercilessly suppresses her neighbors, no matter how beautiful they are. The history of plant cultivation begins in ancient Persia over 5,000 years ago. In those days, this country was called Gulistan, which in Persian meant "rose garden". Muslims consider this flower almost sacred, as according to the legends he grew up on the spot where the Prophet Mohammed cried before ascension to heaven. Surprisingly, wherever a rose was cultivated, they were treated with special trepidation and honor. In written sources of Babylon, Greece, Rome, India, China, there were references to the beautiful queen of flowers that was grown in the best gardens. It was always wrapped in romantic legends. For example, according to ancient Greeks, red roses appeared from the blood of Aphrodite, who was injured by thorns during her desperate wanderings through the python grove after the death of her lover.
- Evergreen shrub. They are characterized by rapid growth and a long flowering period. Evergreen shrubs include Bourbon, polyanthus, tea-hybrids, Bengal, tea and Noisete roses.
- With falling leaves before winter. They include white, damask, centiphilic and French roses.
- Gotetistye (weaving). The climbing roses of this group have very poetic names: Ave Maria, Gloria Deia, Orange Elf, Concert, Virgo.
An important characteristic for the queen of flowers is its swath, that is, the ability to increase the number of petals in a single bud, in comparison with a wild analogue. Based on this property, three types of plants are distinguished:
In the latter, in one bud, the number of petals can be more than 150. Also, the flowers are classified according to another characteristic - the height of the bushes:
- Groundcover. In this group, weave and undersized varieties are combined.
Roses differ in color. Color bud, perhaps, the most important feature, which when choosing based on the first. In addition to the four colors listed above, roses can be burgundy, brown, orange, purple, purple, fuchsia. There are several dozens of special varieties, in which the petals have an unusual color from a combination of two shades and their halftones. Hybrids are very important in landscape design. Artificially derived by crossing the variety brings variety to the garden areas, due to unusual shape, special terry or unusual color.
Hybrids are classified into the following groups, combining several dozens of species:
- Roses Floribunda. The group arose after crossing the tea and polyanthus varieties. It includes miniature crocheted roses and shrubs reaching a height of more than 1 meter. Floribunda is characterized by "bouquet" flowering, that is, its half-mahogany buds form lush brushes.
- Hybrid teas. They are highly immune to diseases, but are extremely sensitive to frost, so bushes are grown only in the south. To this group include all varieties that were derived from the tea rose. The palette of their color starts from yellow and ends with a gently orange.
- Hybrids of Rugosa. They were obtained after selection experiments with rosehip wrinkled. The main advantage of the variety is its frost resistance. Hybrids Rugoza unpretentious in care, varied in the degree of terry and most often become the center of park compositions. It is not necessary to cover plants for the winter.
- Grandiflor's hybrids. Plants erect, visually resemble the tea variety, but with abundant bouquet flowering, like Floribunda. Varieties are not afraid of frosts and blossom for a long time.
- Polyantical. They turned out as a result of crossing Chinese and multi-flowered roses. Shrubs have small buds, collected in "brushes". Blossom very long down to the first frosts, which, incidentally, are also not afraid. Because of their small size, polyanthus roses are often decorated with window sills in a house where they are grown in pots.
- Shrubs. A special group that includes weaving and low-growing varieties.
- Miniature. Remotely resemble the polyanthus, but their height does not exceed half a meter. Cultivated both in the open ground and in pots. Long blossom until the first frost.
- Climbing. They are unofficially called "queens" of landscape design. Bushes are of impressive height, because of what they need artificial supports. Easy to get the right shape after the haircut, unpretentious in care. Can have simple buds and terry.
- Patio. They are similar to miniature ones, since they go weakly to growth, but their tiny buds are collected in fluffy bouquets. Often used to create designer compositions on the landscape of household plots. They look great in solitary lawns, curb flower beds along the edges of garden paths and in separate pendant pots on the street.
As can be seen from the classification, the queen of flowers can have a variety of guises and each variety has its own characteristics. Lovers of coping with a capricious "lady" in the garden will be quite difficult, but the floriculture lends itself to persistent.
Thanks to the rich "assortment" of roses, they can be picked up for both the mild southern climate and the harsh winters of Siberia, and the lushly flowering garden will become the pride of the hosts and the envy of the neighbors.
Selecting a landing site
Just before buying it is necessary to determine the agrotechnical characteristics of the bush, its size and height, the peculiarities of flowering, terry and the shape of buds, and also to pick up the queen of neighbors who will fill the void in the rose garden. Among the abundance of varieties are recommended to choose those that were received by domestic or Dutch breeders. Saplings should have a well-developed root system and be vaccinated by the time of purchase. The place should be chosen solar, like any queen, the rose loves to luxuriate in the rays of glory for everyone's admiration. Only some varieties easily adapt to the penumbra. If the sun will not be enough for the plant, then the capricious queen will start to wither and gradually fade at all.
Rose does not like high humidity. At the site of its landing groundwater should lie as deep as possible, so it is preferable to choose a rose for the rose garden. Soil fits weakly acid or neutral. If the land on the site does not meet this requirement, then the position will save the imported soil. The root system of the queen needs a quality drainage system that will save her during periods of rain. In the open ground, the seedlings are digested only in late spring or early summer, when the soil warms up well.
Rose, which appeared in the East, requires the rising sun. Surprisingly, this need arose not because of a treacherous attachment to the historical homeland. The reason is much more prosaic: roses are covered with dew in the mornings. By lunchtime, her petals and leaves should dry the rising sun, since moisture will cause fungal diseases.
Roses need to be fed in time, to which the queens will be thanked in the form of a lush blossom. The procedure is carried out in the spring in the period of bud formation and in summer during the bud blossoming. In the autumn, additional fertilizer is not needed, as it will provoke the growth of new shoots before freezing, which is undesirable. At least once a week bushes watered. If the summer turned out to be particularly arid, then the frequency of the procedure should be increased at least twice. Watering is carried out in the early morning or late evening, so that in the heated soil the roots of the rose are not "cooked" alive in boiling water. Soil loosening should also be done in a timely manner. The root system necessarily requires access to oxygen, which closes tightly compacted soil. Perhaps mulching the soil, which will prevent the growth of weeds around the rosary. Some varieties need to be sheltered for the winter. In the spring, diseased shoots are cut to make it easier for the plant to drive out stubborn shoots, and it does not consume the juices on the weak ones. Three times a season flowers are sprayed with special compounds from pests and diseases.Read also: Garden design - choose style and layout
Variants of decoration of a site by roses
Thanks to the variety of species of roses, it can be used in absolutely different landscape compositions. Woven varieties are perfect for vertical plantations and hedges. Curb hybrids will look good in the same type of flower beds. Roses Floribunda and Grandiflora suitable for solo compositions.
Bushy, tall hybrids will organically join the mixborder composition. A flower bed consisting only of a flower queen is called a rosary. They are divided into types:
- The front door. Includes varieties that have a contrasting color.
- Vertical. They use a frame in the form of a pergola or pergolas for climbing varieties.
- Romantic. Landed near the recreation areas: the patio, gazebos, terraces.
- Foreseeable on the one hand. Suitable for decorating the inside of the fence or near the wall of the building.
- Visible from both sides. Ideal for processing lawns and central areas in the garden.
- Mobile. Roses are planted in portable pots and, if necessary, they easily change their place of habitation to a new one.
- The rock garden. Low-growth varieties decorate compositions of boulders and stones.
About what kind of garden beauty you can create from roses and how to do it right, and we'll talk further.
To create a vertical rosary, you will need a skeleton. In its role may be the roof of the building or artificial supports with cross rails. Roses of sticks are planted with a small indent from each other, since a selfish plant will not tolerate competition even from relatives. Not bad looking vertical rosaries, which alternate royal shrubs with clematis. It is necessary to combine plants according to the color of the buds. If you need a contrasting flower garden, then white or blue flowers of clematis will emphasize scarlet roses. To create similar, gentle compositions, combinations of pink and yellow buds are suitable.
Hedge and arches
A hedge of roses can be zoned plot, cover an unsightly fence, decorate the facade of the house or fence off a place for seclusion and relaxation. To create a royal "fence" bushy and weaving varieties are suitable. The latter will have to be equipped with well-camouflaged supports. Arches of roses underline the transition from one zone zone to another. They symbolically outline the "entrance" to a special area: a garden, a place for rest, a secluded corner with a pond and benches. The arch can be bought in an already finished form or made independently of thin racks and strong boards for supports. For decorating the frame, only climbing varieties are suitable. Not bad looking such a passage in a hedge or in tapeworms. Plant roses in autumn or spring. The first option is suitable for varieties vaccinated in a specific region. In spring, they bring in the brought seedlings. The summer period is enough for them to adapt to the climate in sparing conditions. For fences, the best sorts are roses from the group of Rugosa hybrids.
Flowerbeds and flowers
Flowerbeds - flower beds of the correct form, having sides. They can plant roses of one kind or combined compositions. There are many variants of combining schemes. Rabatki - elongated flower beds, which are usually planted along the garden paths. Their minimum width is one and a half meters. Plants in them are planted in rows from one to three bushes. Roses in rabatkah, as a rule, are combined with sage, petunias, yearlings, daylilies and crocuses. When choosing a variety pay attention to its prickles. If the thorns of the rose will cling to the feet of people walking along the path, the little dog should be pushed aside and transplanted a little. Optimum for flower beds of this type are considered to be low shreby.
If the garden area is too small to accommodate the flower magnificence in the form of flower beds, you can go for a little trick and plant the rose roses. They are small trees, not traditional bushes whose crowns adorn buds.
Curbs and stalls
Borders, repeating the outlines of garden paths, look beautiful and tidy. Rose is a frequent visitor in this kind of flower garden. Borders are classified by height into three types:
To form the latter, miniature roses and patios are used. For high fit floribundy and polyanthus varieties. For medium curbs, shrubs of low height (40-60 cm) are chosen. Parterre - a flower bed in front of the house, the main "living" decoration of the exterior. It uses the most bizarre combination of flower beds. Effectively will look carpet flower beds of roses, forming figures or geometric figures. To the English style in landscape design are suitable single bushes of tea hybrids in combination with small architectural forms.
Decoration with Austin roses
Roses of Austin are considered the top of elegance among royal flowers. They are treated with special trepidation in England, where gardens of estates literally drown in these flowers. Rosa Austin is universal, it can become part of the mixboarder, grow solo in a separate place, enter the flower bed or tapeworm. The bushes have a neat, spherical shape. With a regular haircut, the rose does not grow upward and gives sprouts that almost spin along the ground.
Solo roses will definitely attract attention. For flower beds of this type, only majestic flowers are chosen that can even become in small quantities the main decoration of the landscape. Solo roses are suitable for small areas where there is not enough room for large lawns. In order for the bush to look good, it is advisable to drop it on an open area, which is clearly visible. Miniature grades and shraby badly cope with this role. For a solo composition, it is recommended to choose a medium-height shrub that will rise at least 50-60 cm above an even lawn.
Mixborder - with what to combine roses
Mixboarders are a flower potpourri, which is squeezed into the flower bed. It is difficult to tolerate the neighborhood only tea hybrids, so it is better to plant them in sticks or solo. The remaining groups of varieties can get along with other plants, if the second is right to choose. For clarity, we give a simple example. The rose is endowed with nature by longevity. Some hips of a dogrose live more than 5 centuries. The age of cultural roses, of course, is not so impressive: only 25-30 years with proper care. If the queen has "bad" neighbors, with whom she can not find a "common language", her life can be reduced to 5-10 years. Between the bushes in the mixborder it is recommended to plant crocuses, snowdrops, muscaria. The last of a kind bulbous will decorate a flower garden in the spring, while roses will only gain strength. They are also combined with the bushes, lilacs, acacia, sea buckthorn, hasta and conifers. Among the evergreen, the cotoneaster, magnolia and pyracanthus are suitable. To good neighbors among conifers include thuja, spruce, juniper.
Rose and the styles of landscape design
The queen of flowers is universal and approaches almost all directions of landscape design. It is organically combined with strict English, mottled Moorish and exotic colonial style. Rose bushes combine with sculptural compositions in a romantic Provence and ethnic French direction. Terraces and clubs in the Spanish and Mediterranean style, too, can not do without the wonderful aroma of roses. The philosophical Japanese direction with outstretched embraces will take the queen of flowers to his garden of solitude. Rough country and laconic in its simplicity Russian style, too, can not do without slightly neglected rose bushes.
The capricious eastern guest knows the price, therefore for its beauty it is necessary to pay off regular leaving and quivering relation to bushes. Most varieties of roses react sharply to the slightest climatic changes, so a budding floriculturist will have to stock up a whole shelf of specialized literature, in which the reasons for the unusual "behavior" of the plant will be described in an accessible language. In landscaping, the flower queen really takes first place. Her privileged position is well deserved, since such a delicate, sensual beauty combined with the wonderful aroma and tenderness of the petals can not be found in other plants. Rosa will require adoration and admiration, and in gratitude for a reverent attitude, she will certainly be pleased with the luxurious buds that will become bright spots on the landscape picture of your site.