Spiraeus, planting and care for which will be described below, is a long-term decorative deciduous shrub of the Roses family. This plant is valued for its long and lush bloom, is divided into summer-bearing and spring-spring varieties. Japanese spirea, for example, blooms to summer and the whole season pleases the eye with its beautiful pink and red flowers.
The main advantage of spiraeus is its unpretentiousness, as well as the flexibility of shoots, in honor of which the plant and got its name. In translation from ancient Greek speira means "bend". There are more than 100 varieties of spiraea, some of them have been cultivated, so the plant has acquired not only high decorative qualities, but also considerable frost resistance with a long flowering shrub.
Charming lilac buds spiraea (oriental) Japanese Macrophylus large-leaved.
So it looks like a bush of spiraea Macrophylla in the suburban area. Look charmingly large, juicy green sheets of impeccable form.
In this article, read:
- 1 Decorative forms of spiraea
- 2 Trimming, planting and care
- 3 Conclusion and conclusions
- 4 Japanese spirea. Expert review. Video
- 5 The many-faced spiraea (tavolga) Japanese
Decorative forms of spiraea
The most common and beautifully flourishing varieties of Japanese spiraea are:
- Japanese Little Princess. This variety has a bush height of up to 50 cm, is compact enough. The compacted bush grows up to a diameter of 120 cm. The leaves are small, dark green. Blossoms Little princess about 40-50 days in the second half of summer. The color of flowers is pink-red with a diameter of up to 40 mm.
- Shirobana. A distinction of this kind of Japanese spiraea is the color of the flowers, which are of white, pink and red shades. Shirobana blossoms to 60 days, beginning in the middle of summer. The height of the bush is from 40 to 50 cm.
- Spirea Japanese Goldflame (Goldflame). A dense build up of shrubs grows to 60 cm in height. Has a stable golden-orange color of the leaves. Gold-flame spirea possesses increased vitality and resistance to weather, is covered with beautiful pink flowers from July to September.
- Spirea Japanese Golden Princess (Golden Princess). This small and pretty dense bright yellow bush with a height of up to 50 cm and a diameter of up to 1 m has light pink flowers up to 6 cm, blossoming from July to the end of the summer season. Young leaves initially have a reddish hue, and then, as they grow, they acquire a stable yellow-golden color.
- Japanese macrophylla. In this species, spiraea are large enough (up to 150 mm), convex and wrinkled leaves, which in autumn acquire a purple-red color. A bush grows up to 1.2 m with a similar diameter. Flowers have a plate-shaped shape, inflorescences of pleasant pink color.
- Spirea Japanese Goldmound. A spherical dense shrub grows to a height of 60 cm. It blossoms in the second half of summer, and this process lasts for about 50 days. The variety is extremely frost-resistant, has a pinkish tinge at the tips of the leaves with a change during the season to a darker one - a red color.
- Spirea Japanese Crisp. Perhaps the most cute and short shrub of Japanese spiraea species, which reaches a height of about 40 cm. Its leaves are cut by wavy edges and are decorated with white and pink spots. The flowers themselves have light pink shades in their shields.
Among the highest varieties of spiree bushes growing up to 170 cm, a cultivated variety of Forchun is known. This spongy bush, which has reddish-brown shoots, has large inflorescences and leaves.
Another kind that looks good in flower beds or lawns is Anthony Vaterer. It reaches a height of 1 m and has a lot of erect shoots with apical inflorescences.
A shrub spiraea of Japanese with bright pink flowers Little Princess.
A densely folded shrub with gold-orange leaf color Goldflame.
Unobtrusive in the color of the leaves, a tight ball of spirea Golden princesses always harmoniously blends with the designer in the landscape of the site.
Trimming, planting and care
Cultivate Japanese spirits in his yard can even beginner gardener-self-taught. The plant is not whimsical in nursing, easily takes root in almost any soil. It does not require special shelter for the winter and is considered the most inexpensive decorative flower.
Japanese spiraea, planting and caring for which do not require a special approach, is grown as follows:
- Planting cuttings of spiraea is recommended in early spring or autumn. It is necessary to choose a plant variety, for example spiraea Japanese Little, and in accordance with its characteristics to pick up its place of landing. This process takes quite a bit of time. It will be necessary to dig a small hole under the root system of the flower with a stock of 1/3 and just plant a plant in it. To dig a bush of spirea you need turf ground, peat and sand in equal proportions.
- Care for spiraeus on the part of watering and bait, too, does not require special skills and knowledge. Watering with water is carried out as the soil dries up moderately, and in droughty time, more frequent irrigation will be required. Bait is carried out by special mulching compounds only once a year - in the spring.
Pruning of spiraea is performed depending on the period of flowering of the plant. For example, those kinds of shrubs that blossom in the spring can be cut off after the end of the season - in summer or in autumn. Other varieties of spiraea, which complete flowering by the end of summer, are recommended to be cut off in early spring.
Snow-strewn bright purple spirea bud of the Japanese Goldmound.
Low-growth, openwork bushes of spirea Goldmound with a spherical crown and numerous erect stalks.
Undoubtedly, the enchantment of the infield is Vangut's spiraea. The bush reminds a kind enchanted miracle from the "Scarlet Flower".
In addition to the basic trimming, in order to rejuvenate the bush almost under the stump (every 7-10 years), it is possible to remove the dry and old branches with a pruner as needed every spring.
If, after all these procedures, the bush does not abundantly give young shoots, then it is worthwhile to think about replacing the whole plant.
Reproduction of Japanese spiraea, as a rule, is carried out by cuttings, seeds, cuttings or common division of the bush into parts. Of all the above methods, the most effective is cuttings.
For early-spring varieties, cuttings are harvested at the beginning of summer, the first two weeks, and for late-budding varieties - from the middle of June to the end of July. The lignified cuttings are planted in the soil in the autumn, that is, in the beginning of September and throughout October inclusive.
Conclusion and conclusions
Of the main advantages of the Japanese spirea, you can designate such a small but pleasant moment - on fertile soil the bush can grow and bloom abundantly for many years and without baits. In addition, the bush of spirea tolerates drought and frost.
Competent and good care will allow the plant to grow more vigorously. It is strongly recommended that the Japanese spiraea bush regularly weed out, that is, gently loosen the soil around, which will give the flower the opportunity to grow more luxuriantly and abundantly.
In addition, the bush of spirea perfectly tolerates the haircut under the desired shape. An exquisite and neatly trimmed bush can be used to create unusual hedges.
The flowers of spiraea are small and numerous, having different shades. This allows you to plant shrub shrubs in a kind of cute group compositions. However, no less elegant Japanese spirea looks like a solitary plant.
Japanese spiraea. Expert review. Video
Many-faced spiraea (tavolga) Japanese