Partitions from gypsum cardboard quite often become a wand-zashchalochkoj in designing of repair of an apartment. A few decades ago brick or concrete walls were erected in their place, which was quite troublesome, and it required a lot of financial expenses for the purchase of materials and the work of specialists. Therefore, the design of the partitions was used extremely rarely, when it was really necessary. In our time, with the advent of such material as gypsum cardboard, the erection of false walls has become quite commonplace, and you can deal with it yourself. How to make a partition of gipsokartona, as well as its positive and negative characteristics will be considered in this material.
Plasterboard partitions: their place in interior decoration
Drywall is a plate of small thickness, the core of which is gypsum with fillers, and the upper layers are heavy-duty cardboard. Quite often in our time, apartments are being redeveloped, and the organization of false walls here plays not the last role, namely:
Plasterboard partitions: advantageous advantages and some disadvantages
Such constructions rightfully occupy a leading position due to a lot of positive characteristics, namely:
Along with numerous advantages, it should be mentioned and some disadvantages of these structures, which, incidentally, is rather small. Drywall does not have high strength in comparison with stone, concrete or wood.
Consequently, it is subject to various mechanical influences. Although drywall has some degree of hygroscopicity, with direct and prolonged contact with water, for example, in case of flooding, it is very quickly deformed and will become unusable, which will entail a redesign of the structure. That, in fact, is all that is worth taking into account before starting work.
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Installation of plasterboard partitions: the preparatory process, as well as the selection of materials and tools
Having got down to business, first of all it is necessary to make a sketch on which the form of a design, a doorway, possible decorative elements (windows, cut out figures, etc.) and exact measurements will be displayed, so that it was possible to calculate the quantity of necessary material. Particular attention should be paid to determining the location for the doorway in the interior partition.
The following tools will be needed to decorate the plasterboard partition: a screwdriver, a long ruler for marking, a pencil, a construction angle, a level, a vertical plummet, metal scissors, a jigsaw, a spatula, a construction knife, a rivet for the profile fastening, an electric drill or a punch, roulette, hammer and screwdrivers.
Conventional sheets of plasterboard with a thickness of 12 mm are the main material for fabricating the septum (in some cases a more flexible material, 6 mm thick) is used. There is also a moisture-proof gypsum board that is characterized by a soft green color, for rooms with a high level of humidity (bathrooms, kitchens) and fireproof.
For the frame equipment it will be necessary to purchase a metal profile of several types - a guide for fixing the column, corner and rack, to ensure the special strength of the structure. To create decorative curvilinear apertures, a kind of arched profile is also used. If there is a seal between the webs, you need 5 cm wide bars.
Installation of partitions from gypsum board requires a number of additional materials, such as screws, dowels, sealing tape, U-shaped bracket for mounting the structure to the ceiling surface, fiberglass mesh and putty for processing joints. When buying everything you need, you can immediately take care of the processing of the finished structure, for which you will need a deep penetration primer and a finishing putty. Experienced experts advise purchasing material with a margin (on average, 10% more), since during the installation there may be some costs.
Plasterboard partition with own hands: step by step instruction with photo
When the project is ready, the necessary drawings and measurements have been made, and the selected materials have been purchased, you can proceed with installation.
First of all, note that the plasterboard partition made by one's own hands can be erected after acquaintance with the sequence and rules of the installation process. Working with basic and auxiliary materials has its own subtleties and some nuances, which we will discuss in the detailed instructions.
Step 1. Layout
Start making markup from the floor. With the help of a long ruler, a pencil and a corner, an even line is formed to fix the guide (if a partition is made of plasterboard with a door, it is immediately necessary to designate a place for it, since there will not be a profile on the floor). Using a plumb line, this line is projected onto the ceiling surface. So, the two guides are ready. Next, you define the horizontals. Thus, the main contour of the future design was formed.
Step 2. Mounting the frame
To start the assembly of the frame, it is necessary to make holes for the dowels along the guide lines. The profiles are superimposed with sealing bands, and they are fixed by marking. In the same way, the side (wall) profiles are formed. The main box is ready. Then follows the installation of all other racks, the step and the number of which must be calculated based on the load on the plasterboard partitions (the presence of any hanging side tables, shelves, etc.); usually the step is 60 cm. The fixing to the guides is done with the help of a cutter. During all these works, it is necessary to constantly check the position of the structures with the help of a building level.
After installing the racks, they must be connected by horizontal bridges in steps of 70 - 80 cm in order to ensure the rigidity of the structure, and then follows the installation of electrical wiring. In the profiles of the plasterboard partition there are holes for the wires, and all work on the cable is carried out before the skin.
If the partition has niches or shelves, it is necessary to arrange cross-sectional bridges between the posts at their intended location.
Step 3. Doorway
A partition of plasterboard with a door will require the formation of additional elements of the doorway. To do this, profiles are cut along the length of the box, into the inner part of which are inserted bars to strengthen the opening and rigidly fix the block. Such prepared structures should be inserted inside the guides on the floor and ceiling and fixed with screws. It is important to keep the same width from above and below. The cross beam is formed from the rack profile. The inner part is also supplied with bars, and the finished structure is fixed at a measured height. The inserted wooden elements are fixed inside with the help of nails.
Step 4. Sheathing
Before you proceed to the plating, you should prepare a drywall, cutting it to the desired length. If decorative partitions from plasterboard are to be made out, it is necessary to cut out the necessary sectors for decoration of such elements as niches and figured openings.
With the help of screws, the sheets are attached to the guides. Experienced in this matter, experts advise starting to fasten from the doorway to the walls, and if it is missing, you need to start from the middle: so at the final stage it will be easier to hide the trim.
Step 5. Final processing
The last stage involves sealing the joints of the partition from the gypsum board (photos in the article show different processes). Initially, the entire structure must be primed. Then you need a construction net-serpyanka, from which thin strips are cut out. The mesh tapes are glued to all joints, then the starting putty is applied and spread with a spatula until the ideal surface is obtained.
Since when fixing plasterboard sheets, self-tapping screws are screwed inwards, small dents remain from their hats on the surface, which also need to be filled. The finished surface is once again treated with a primer, then the finishing layer of putty is applied over the entire area of the erected structure. And now, the plasterboard partition is ready with my own hands.
The invention of drywall, of course, greatly facilitated the embodiment of various design techniques in interior design. All the processes of constructing the structures examined by him once again prove the convenience and simplicity of installation. It can be said with certainty that the plasterboard partitions are the most successful solution in the arrangement of any redevelopment.