An extensive concept of modernity is used not only in art, but also in architectural style. Its inception at the beginning of the 20th century was marked by a rapid spread throughout the world. At that time, the ideological component of the new trend was consistent with its name. Despite a short period of its heyday, this style managed to leave a serious legacy. Many people are still trying to recreate the Art Nouveau design in their home. About what needs to be done for this, we will discuss in more detail below.
It was used by the most ingenious innovators of that time. They were the first to realize the exclusiveness and unlikeness of the style for everything that was before. Many were also attracted by the purity of modernity, due to the complexity of manufacturing branded attributes. However, this also subsequently destroyed it: during the growth of mass industry, the high cost of modernist furniture seemed out of place. Therefore, with the onset of the First World War and the financial crisis in Europe, fashion stylistics lost its leading position. Nevertheless, he managed to gain a foothold in the consciousness and vocabulary of many countries in the world (Art Nouveau, Tiffany, Liberty).
Distinctive features of style
The bright appearance of the interior in the Art Nouveau style is easy to recognize by the following features:
|Emphasis on the use of wooden elements||This is due to the fact that the style recognizes everything only natural. The most appropriate option is considered to be oak or beech wood, with an obvious fiber structure.|
|Use of smooth forms||Symmetry and straight lines are categorically denied. The softness of the contours, the patterned flow of the elements into each other can be seen in everything. The corners are smoothed out.|
|Vegetable topics||Ornaments of Art Nouveau often contain a reference to the image of real flowers or animals. It can be graceful lilies, exotic butterflies.|
|Decorating with stained glass||Their use in the decor of the room is strongly welcomed. The subjects of the drawings are characterized by an exquisite abstraction, branched plants.|
|Arched windows||High apertures are ideal for these purposes, complement the overall impression of the interior of the room.|
|Doors with windows||Decorative slots in the wide canvases of rectangular doors are decorated with the same stained glass. Also mosaic decor is allowed.|
|Forged elements on the stairwells||Elegant railing harmoniously look with wide steps.|
Features of the style layout
In order to arrange space in this style, it is desirable to be the owner of the studio apartment. Since modernity requires a solid quadrature. The planning involves the use of different ways of zoning: with the help of patterned flooring, furniture partitions, various accessories. All of them should be without corners, with smooth and even openwork lines. Separation of parts of the room is extremely soft, free.
A feature of decorative modernism is that with its help you can hide the unsuccessful layout of an apartment with an unusual arrangement of rooms. It is easy to fit asymmetric interior design, gravitating to ornate wavy textures.
Color gamut of style
A distinctive feature of natural elements of style is their natural color in the interior. Therefore, do not be surprised by the abundance of pastel, muted tones. These include: all shades of brown (from milk to coffee), the tone of the achromatic palette (from silvery to the color of wet asphalt), green. The task of the latter is to revive the decor with his presence. Sometimes a strong contrast is used - the same red as the opposite color in the palette.See also: African style in the interior and its features
Operation of elements with a pronounced shade is allowed in minimal quantities.
To create a harmonious finish, a furniture set and textile elements, designers choose the perfect color ratio. However, the soul of the artist must know the measure, since a search of shades will cause associations with vulgar eclecticism. Therefore, the first thing to look for is an accent element, so that you can start from something. If this is an exquisite piece of furniture, then the background color of the walls or the tracery of the ceiling coating should play a secondary role. In any case, do not use a large number of colors - the rainbow in modern is not the place.
Walls in Art Nouveau style
They are designed exclusively for the background. Their dominance is not allowed a priori. Therefore, coloring is devoid of screaming tones and excessive texture. Welcome pearl, beige, heavenly shade. Only in the sleeping area can use more saturated brown tones. A matte background is decorated with a picture of a branchy plant. At the same time, the stem must necessarily extend upward, symbolizing growth and development.
Some interior designers install wall panels in the lower plane, based on practical purposes. The material for such an exploration is a natural tree or a more budgetary laminate. The upper plane is covered with muted tones of wallpaper or paint. The key principle here is to create a background, not an accent to attract attention.
Ceiling in the Art Nouveau style
The ceiling has special requirements. Contrary to common practice, its decoration is given more attention than to the same walls. Often found embossed stucco, three-dimensional elements of natural wood. In this you can see the monumentality of the classics: when the combination of wavy lines and plant patterns with static elements on the ceiling forms the dynamics of asymmetry.
Also there are exquisite stained-glass windows on the ceiling, in combination with muted lighting. Thanks to the game of multi-colored glasses, a chamber mood is created. This is the best way to create a living room. The process of creating ceiling stained-glass windows can be used by the owners. Because the atmosphere in the room directly depends on the quality of light.
Paul in Art Nouveau style
Like the walls, the lower plane of the room plays a secondary role. Its main task in the modern style is to combine harmoniously with the rest of the elements. Therefore, the tonality of the flooring depends on the overall decor of the room. A popular option remains a parquet of natural wood, wild stone. If most modern coatings involve a chessboard layout of wooden panels, then modernist floors imply a Christmas tree. Budget variants of the sexes must qualitatively imitate natural material. With the help of modern technologies it is possible to perform an elegant design even on a wild stone.
To save money, it is permissible to use ceramic granite or laminate as a floor covering.
The smooth outline of the furniture set in the style in question seems to invite guests to relax. Absence of sharp corners, natural materials for manufacturing, the presence of asymmetry, muted color finish - all this contributes to a comfortable stay in the room. Case furniture while it extends upward, like all the plants in the images. The vertical dominant in combination with bizarre forms maximally expresses the idea of modernity.
The number of furniture attributes is based on the functional purpose of the room. The necessity of free space excludes clutter of the dwelling. At the same time, the availability of upholstered furniture does not apply to modernity. It is covered with textile elements, inscribing it into the overall picture of the style. Wood based furniture is in the first place. It is advisable to avoid a large number of corners, to emphasize the elegant armrests.
Here classical principles of illumination work, as the arrangement of lighting devices in a modernist decor plays a primary role. The following types of luminaires are considered to be permanent attributes of the style:
- Crystal chandelier of impressive size. It should attract attention with its iridescent light. Gold plating on the metal construction of the product is encouraged. Some lamps are made not from crystal, but from stained glass.
- Floor lamps correspond to the main element. The natural basis should emphasize the ideology of modernity, regardless of whether the floor is a floor lamp or a table lamp.
- Wall lamps of conical shape can have monograms, asymmetric lines. Their complex form echoes plant patterns on the walls.
Dense natural fabrics complement the overall ensemble of Art Nouveau. Massive curtains of satin in the window apertures, exquisite pillows of velvet on the couch. Curtains made of silk are sewn in compliance with asymmetry, which allows imitating the movement of waves when opening. Forged cornices and lambrequins adorn the window landscape. A monophonic fabric can be supplemented with an interesting design without flashy colors. The purpose of the curtains is to harmonize with the upholstery and smooth stylistics of the furniture set. A holistic image is created using a soft game with tonality of the material.
What elements of decor will suit this style
The final chord in the design of the room is the arrangement of decorative accessories that do not have practical functions. They are called to fill the atmosphere with comfort:
- Crystal, bronze or porcelain products;
- Ornate hours;
- Candlesticks, sculptures;
- Wooden paintings and frames;
- Decorative pillows made of silk;
- Витражи и т.д.
The main principle in the case of Art Nouveau is the color harmony of products made of natural materials. The subject remains the same: the plant and animal world. Sometimes the advantages of Japanese painting are used, whose love of calligraphy and flowering gardens fits perfectly into the style. In Europe, the recognized masterpieces of modernity are the works of Klimt and Mukha. In America - Birbank.
The use of a fireplace in modernity stands apart. Its classical outlines and forged elements will decorate any interior.
In a close corridor, designers focus on the doorway. Cloth with soft bends of fittings and stained glass inserts draws attention. Walls and ceilings rarely stand out from the general background, as expressive lines and patterns can disturb the tranquil style atmosphere. Therefore, pastel paint is used instead of wallpaper. Together with the lighting it is able to unite the walls with the ceiling. The floor covering is a continuation of the floor of the room, which means that it is made of wooden parquet.
Furnishing of the hallway means the use of built-in cabinet furniture in the form of sliding-door wardrobes. The mandatory attributes include a dressing table with curved asymmetrical shapes. A bright color of natural wood is allowed. For comfort, several wall lamps are installed at a small height from the floor.
The main accessories in the corridor are decorative mirrors and thematic paintings. But textile elements should be avoided.
To fully recreate the style in the living room will require a spacious room. The planes are decorated with smooth transitions, painted in ashy tones of the chosen color palette. You can use a gradient to emphasize areas. For wall finishing, it is not recommended to resort to paper wallpapers or plaster. Is that the liquid wallpaper with a barely noticeable pattern. For the ceiling coating, painting is the best option. No plastic or textured lining. The meaning is diffuse illumination.
Wear-resistant floor in the form of solid parquet can be supplemented with decorative carpets of contrasting color. However, carpet can not be used in modern style. The same can be said about linoleum or ceramic tiles.
For furniture is selected the arrangement in L-shaped or U-shaped. One-color products are located in the center of the room, on the carpet. Dark breeds of trees with pastel textiles without variegated elements. A set of furniture items is minimal: a sofa, several armchairs, a table with low legs and a table top.
A large chandelier can be complemented by local lighting of wall lamps made of forged metal. Light should gently emphasize the tonality of textile components (pillows, carpet, curtains).
An important role in the living room is played by accessories made of metal rods, wood or crystal. Elegant paintings of the Art Nouveau period will be an ideal accent.See also: Grunge style in the interior - photo design
A characteristic feature of the bedroom in this style is the minimalism of accessories, color palette and soft lighting. When decorating the walls allowed texture plastering in the best traditions of classicism, pasting wallpaper without bright drawings. The ceiling serves as a continuation of the walls, so it is lined with the same materials. Fashionable stretch coatings are successfully combined with diffused light. But the antique stucco should be avoided. As a floor covering the expensive parquet from valuable breeds of a tree is established.
Furnishing implies an emphasis on a luxurious bed with an asymmetrical headboard. Low tables and bedside tables look contrastingly against the backdrop of a massive sliding-door wardrobe with colored glass doors. Bed linen is in the same range as the finish of the planes. This is necessary to create a soothing atmosphere. However, the original coziness creates lighting on the bedside tables. Floor lamps and wall lamps give a soft, diffusing light. But the accessories should be a minimum number. On the table, the arrangement of vases or statuettes of the modernist era is possible.
Practical and functional style can easily fit even in a small kitchen. The monochrome wall decoration serves as a background only, so painting is used. Glass wallpaper looks slightly better than ceramic tiles, because the sharp rectangular shapes of the latter break the harmony of style. The ceiling is merged with the walls using smooth transitions. Sometimes a stretch ceiling without expressive texture is used. Paul also plays a passive role, in harmony with the furniture set. The optimum option is the self-leveling floors. Rarely monochrome granite is used in the color of furniture. The practical laminate flooring is gaining popularity: its range allows you to choose the right shade, contrasting with the background of the planes.
The arrangement of furniture is due to simple geometry and asceticism of color. Its attributes are masked under the walls, and have soft contour lines. No other delicacies in the kitchen are allowed. In the center of the room is a massive worktop with thin legs. Do the accent on the table or not - the owners decide. The designer will complement their choice with classic chairs with beautiful ornaments.
Unlike other rooms, lighting in the kitchen has functional purposes. Its placement in a furniture set completely meets the requirements of style. Sometimes just a background of ceiling light. If the owner chooses frameless glazing, then the round shape of the window is created by means of rough curtains. Small accessories on the dining table should relate to the functional purpose of the room: dishes, decorative vase.
For the lining of this room uses two layers: the background and decorative. The first implies a gradation of color, and the second - an unusual texture of the decor. Ceramic tiles, staining, color mosaic - these options are most often encountered. Materials cover all the planes. Is that the flooring can be filling. Its color scheme in this case is characterized by a gradient: from the lightest part of the walls to the darkest.
It is difficult to talk about the furniture of the bathroom, because it is not always possible to place anything else besides the curbstone. Sometimes an armchair with a cosmetic table is placed. The color of the attributes is complemented by the floor covering.
But the elements of plumbing make it possible to embody modern in all its glory: forged, non-standard materials are selected for the color of the finish, and are heated in the walls. Curly heated towel rails, futuristic baths decorate any room. The emphasis on asymmetry is created with the help of spot lighting and mirrors. The bathroom accessories include original glasses for toothbrushes, clothes hangers, artificial flowers.
Designers like to equip the interior in the Art Nouveau style for its clear stylistics. Contrary to its established framework, it allows you to modify the design to create a living space. Modern technologies and materials make it possible to design both elite and budgetary interior in this style. The influence of modernity is felt and a hundred years after the decline in popularity. It is preferred by real gourmets and aesthetes.