The most honorable room in the house. She meets the family after a hard day, helps them relax, relax and regain strength. And on special family dates - welcomes guests, fascinates them with comfort, entertains. The interior of the living room must be as attractive as possible for everyone who enters it. Traditionally, it must correspond to a triangle: aesthetics-comfort-functionality.
The living room is a special room, so the style here does not know the boundaries. Its design is possible in any of the known styles. Moreover, the concept of building space at the same time makes it possible to realize both a single style solution for the room as a whole, and various stylistic directions for each of its zones. Let's recall the features of the well-known interior styles.
The luxury of English classics is most suitable for successful people who have already managed to take place in life. Characteristic elements of this style are clear symmetrical shapes and correct proportions. The classic design of the living room requires spacious rooms, as well as exceptional taste. No surrogate is absolutely unacceptable.
A traditional element of the classic interior is a fireplace. Among the elements of filling the room are often present antique chests of drawers and bookcases. Furniture from a tree of precious breeds, smart finishing materials, heavy and very expensive textiles. Elegantly complements the picture of a luxurious, well-chosen decor.
In this direction, European elegance is closely interwoven with simplicity and unpretentiousness to the situation. The design of the living room in the grunge style differs from the previous one by the absence of luxurious accessories. Finishing becomes more simplistic, and expensive furniture and décor are replaced with more affordable, but no less beautiful, refined counterparts.
Along with new, the use of old, restored items is welcomed. Wallpaper monochrome. Typical here is the use of practical elements, such as small folding sofas or narrow floors. In addition, in this interior of the living room, decorative plants in pots are absolutely appropriate.
The style of the "loft", implying the transformation of industrial premises into residential. Loft interior is, first of all, brick or concrete walls, as well as spacious rooms. This is metal, glass and aged wooden textures as a decoration, as well as a minimum number of parts.
The floor here should be wooden, similar in texture to the ceiling beams. There are no curtains or curtains. Furniture and accessories for this interior are selected by homogeneous tones. Similar to the color of the walls or contrasting with them. An ideal filling of space here will serve as antiques. When planning lighting, it is desirable to use closed side sources instead of a central chandelier.
Lightness and charm, tenderness and charm - that's how briefly you can describe this design direction. Give him a preference for soft and charming people, dreamers and romantics. The design of the living room is done in light and delicate, most often pastel shades. Ornaments use floral, less often - a cage or strip.
Furniture elements are simple, with strict classical forms. Necessarily - aged, vintage. In addition, rattan constructions, as well as forging elements, can be used. Textiles - exclusively from natural, natural materials. Accessories "antique", aged, vintage.
Cold Scandinavian style
In comparison with the previous one, the design of the living room in the Scandinavian style is manifested with simpler and more modest forms, as well as with cold, Nordic colors. Traditional natural materials, stone or wood, are harmoniously combined with glass or chrome-plated metal. The space is more free.Read also: Design bedroom-living room area of 18 square meters. m - 40 photo examples
Thanks to the open, not curtained windows, the room is easily filled with natural light. The color scheme is white, with shades of bluish, pearly-gray or dairy. The furniture here is predominantly wooden, but variations with metal, rattan or plastic are also possible. And above all, it is functional. Textiles use natural. Accessories do not overload the space.
Eco-style: closer to the roots, closer to nature
Originated in the seventies of the last century, the ecological style has hardly been out of fashion since then. The main accents highlighting this direction are natural materials that have a beneficial effect on human health. Design solutions with them allow you to feel much closer to nature, even in a modern metropolis.
When finishing often used plaster or quiet wallpaper. For a floor covering choose a warm tree or a cold ceramics. Living room textiles are made from natural materials. The use of wildlife elements is encouraged. Decorative plants, an aquarium with inhabitants of the depths or a fireplace with natural fuel can easily become the semantic centers of the design of this living room.
East is a delicate matter
Eastern motifs of the interior of the living room are a fashionable trend in design. Japanese traditions of decorating space in the European reading allow creating in the hall the most comfortable atmosphere for relaxation. The style is characterized by rich color shades, abundance of gold, low furniture elements and authentic accessories.
The textiles are lightweight, materials are natural: wood, leather, ceramics. The color scheme includes all shades, symbolizing the natural elements: air, fire, earth or water. The light in the room must be muffled. Therefore, from the top lighting it is desirable to refuse, giving preference to color floor lamps or sconces.
Small Living Room
Sometimes the design of the living room puts the task of converting a small room into a mega-functional space. To solve it helps tricks of minimalism. The characteristic features of the style are laconism and clean lines, neutral colors and asymmetrical shapes.
In the interior of the living room use a minimum of furniture elements and decor.
Surfaces are glossy, glass or metal. If necessary, give the space dynamic, use bright accessories. And you can divide it into functional zones using color or light.
But if there is no desire for space to be decorated with a single style, eclecticism comes to the rescue. Choose this direction, most often, people are extraordinary, creative, loving an unconventional approach to solving problems. Here you can easily mix the original decor with any convenient and unusual furniture. But in order to make the living room environment not reminiscent of the warehouse, it is necessary to take into account several nuances.
First of all, you need a simple background. Therefore, the shade for the walls is chosen neutral. In addition, all furniture elements should have some common touch, which will become the connecting link of this ensemble: a similar color, texture or upholstery. The same goes for accessories.
To create the space of the main room, which will be functional and convenient for everyone living, experienced designers apply zoning. Its use is equally productive for large, spacious living rooms, and for small rooms. In the first case, this method provides coziness, in the second, maximum functionality.
When the layout is spacious, the design of the living room is designed taking into account that everyone who enters there can find a secluded corner with the greatest comfort. If the area is small, the rational use of its square meters helps, more productively interpreting the space, create a design in it, the most convenient for the household.
Qualitatively designed interior, most often, occurs when the following zoning variations are used:
- With kitchen. Which part should be more compact depends on the desire of the household. But, to cook food was more convenient, the kitchen area is placed closer to the window.
- With a dining room. Equivalent zones. Their placement depends solely on the taste preferences of the owners. But each of them needs enough space for arrangement.
- Sleeper in the hall. The variant most often used in the design of a small apartment. It is customary to place the bedroom on the opposite side of the room.
- Children's area in the interior of the living room. This concept of design involves a thorough analysis of exactly where the toys and things of the children should be built up. And still need to provide the younger generation with convenient conditions for both games and classes, and for recreation. In addition, if the children are small, it is very important that the zone is clearly visible.
- With the office. The square is given to him a small one, because a table and a working chair do not occupy much space. But it is very important that this is where the window was located.
- With the library. Here, as in the previous case, it is very important to have lighting sources. And racks or bookcases can become splendid dividers.
Zoning of the central premises of the house is carried out with the help of various dividers. Most often, the choice of reception depends on the size of the room, the features of the shared zones, as well as the physical availability of the necessary elements. Experienced designers distinguish several groups of dividers. Let's consider each of them in more detail.
Walls and partitions
The separating elements of this group are stationary and are used, often, in large areas. They well zoned space, they allow you to design a living room design more vividly, in an original way. And easily they can become original "highlight" of the interior. Especially if you build an aquarium or a color screen there.
If to speak about minuses, then these dividers burden the space, and also greatly reduce it visually. In addition, they hide the natural lighting in varying degrees, and also require significant budgetary allocations.
The use of such a zoning space is most appropriate if necessary to separate the rest area, cabinet or bed.
Screen, curtains or blinds
This group of separators is a special case of the previous one. To the positive moments of its use can be attributed the possibility of disposing only when it is necessary. Depending on the situation, such designs may or may not be an obstacle to natural light and easily transform space.
This is an excellent budget option when the task is to separate a sleeping place or a children's corner. In addition, it is not bad to use it to hide from the prying eyes the kitchen area or make the rest zone more comfortable. The design of such dividers can easily be selected in the same style as the rest of the textiles or accessories in the room.
Floors and ceilings
Multilevel floor and ceiling structures, various patterns and decoration of the ceiling or floor, too, can be perfectly used in zoning. Perfectly serve this purpose, various materials, colors and textures. The transition between zones occurs smoothly and is carried out only visually, since there are no physical barriers here.
This zoning does not interfere with the penetration of sunlight at all. In addition, it allows space to remain open and easy. This method can be used to highlight the kitchen, dining area or bed. But in the latter case, it is good only in families with open, trusting relationships.
Another visual divider is the different options for finishing different zones of the same room. And you can play here as on the contrast of the upper part with the bottom, and on a brighter allocation of a certain area. In addition, an important factor is the sources of artificial and natural lighting.
This zoning, of course, will not allow you to get your own private nook. But it expands the general boundaries visually, so it is best suited for rooms with a small quadrature. This way, you can select a children's corner, study or library, and also emphasize the zone of food intake.
This group of separators is effective for any zoning variations. Their use helps to easily create in the living room secluded islands. Separation elements here can act as the furniture structures themselves, and the space between them. So, the most budgetary is the arrangement of furniture from different zones "back" to each other. For example, separating the dining area.
If you use high cabinets, shelves or niches, with their help you can separate the working area, for example, a library, study or a children's corner. Niches of medium height (bar counter) perfectly divide the kitchen area with a seating area. And the furniture elements here will be actively used and for their intended purpose.
- Before embarking on the zoning of space, it is necessary in the interior of the living room to identify the semantic center - the point of contact of interests of all members of the family.
- It is highly undesirable to embody more than three zones in the living room. This is fraught with a heap of various furniture and decorative elements.
- Using zoning techniques, one should not forget that one of the key roles here belongs to the world. Therefore, it is desirable that each of the zones has its own, inherent only to it, the source of illumination.
- Space dividers require a wide living room space.
- Multi-storey floor or ceiling structures can be used exclusively for interiors of living rooms with high ceilings.
- When you arrange furniture elements with your backs to each other, the distance between them should be at least one meter.
Color and light
Color and lighting (artificial and natural) are extremely important elements of the interior of the living room. With their help you can easily not only allocate functional areas, but also make significant adjustments to the overall design of the room.
In order to correctly select lighting devices and colors, it is necessary to take into account a number of factors, among which:
- the area of the hall;
- general style of the room;
- The presence of natural light and its features;
- orientation of the room with respect to the sides of the world.
Qualitative selection of color palette is very important. With its help, the interior of the living room can become much more comfortable. In addition, it has long been known that the choice of color affects not only the mood of a person, but also the general perception of the world around him.
There are certain rules that need to be adhered to:
- rule of "three": when choosing a color scheme, no more than three main colors are used;
- Dark shades perfectly conceal flaws and visually reduce space;
- light - give freshness;
- multicolored wall decoration must contain one dominant hue;
- the color range in the design of the living room is selected depending on the direction in which its windows are "looking";
- if the walls have a neutral shade, furniture and accessories are selected more vivid;
- The floor and ceiling in no way decorate the same;
- It is extremely undesirable to combine warm colors in the interior of the living room with cold ones.
Secrets of correct lighting
- when choosing a lighting, consider not so much the total area of the living room as its shape;
- artificial lighting (in comparison with the natural) can radically change the overall design concept;
- the design of the living room is done taking into account that the lighting in it is "dosed", especially if the area of the room is large;
- in addition to the general light, there must certainly be local lighting, the main task of which is to illuminate certain objects that are accents in the living room;
- lamps of soft lighting create a more cozy atmosphere;
- one of the advantages of lighting is the ability to hide interior defects;
- multi-level lighting allows you to adjust the amount of light in each individual case;
- variations on the theme of lighting perfectly create a visual effect of zoning space.
We take care of filling
Having decided on the general style and functional breakdown of the central room, choosing a color palette and lighting, go to the last stage in the design of the living room - its filling. Often, this part of the costs when decorating the space of the central room in the house is most costly, so the choice of elements for decorating the living room should be done consciously.
Furniture and textiles
The choice of furniture must be made, based on the overall concept of the room, thought out at the first stage of creating an interior.
If we talk about the arrangement, the experienced designers do not recommend placing the furniture designs along the wall line: it is a relic of the past.
Living room - a room that is designed to serve the maximum comfort and comfortable communication of people who are in it. Therefore, when placing furniture in the central room of a human dwelling, it is best to experiment, creating modest sized islands for better relaxation and closer communication.
Qualitatively selected textiles not only promote relaxation, but also, to a large extent, is responsible for aesthetic compound rooms. Soft rugs, pillows or curtains, in addition to their direct duties, also perform decorative functions. They are selected in full accordance with the style chosen earlier.
Household appliances and accessories
If we talk about styles of high-tech or techno, then filling them with modern technology will look good in any scenario. Everything is much more complicated if the concept of the central room in the house is sustained in historical motives. Such integration is unlikely to give the interior a living room of harmony.
You can, of course, use technology, stylized to the desired design direction. Often these are premium models that are expensive, but far from always meet expectations. Therefore, it is best to use one of the techniques of its disguise. For example, curtain curtains, cover with stucco, present as a picture or fireplace.
Weaving the ideas of the design of the living room into a single picture of the interior, it is very important to correctly place the accents. And the leading role in this belongs to accessories. Like the rest of the filling, they can not go against the general concept of the room. In addition, filling them with space, it is very important not to overdo it.