"It is very possible that Isadora Duncan does so. Maybe she is dining in the office, and she cuts rabbits in the bathroom. But I'm not Isadora Duncan. I'll dine in the dining room, and operate in the operating room. "(Dog's Heart, M. Bulgakov)
- The space is more illuminated and contains a larger volume of air, since there are no "deaf" walls. Visually, with this design, even a small kitchen will be perceived as spacious.
- The opportunity to receive a large number of guests and communicate with them without stopping from preparing food and snacks will be appreciated by "hospitable" owners. Those who are engaged in "cooking" have the opportunity not to lose sight of the children who are in the adjacent room.
- The possibility of more rational use of the entire space, limited to a previously wall. Along with the adherents of this "symbiosis" there are also opponents.
The shortcomings of the kitchen-studio include:
- When cooking, the smell from the kitchen area will spread throughout the room. Powerful hood and the location of the kitchen set directly at the window (but not less than 40cm in order to avoid blowing the gas burner with a draft) can sometimes correct the situation. Invisible particles of soot and fat will settle on the upholstered furniture in the adjacent area. Clearing sofas and armchairs from such a "raid" will be difficult. Sound from working kitchen appliances is not isolated from the "rest" zone. A blender, a boiling kettle, a refrigerator, a dishwasher, etc. can interfere with a friendly conversation or joint viewing of a telecast.
- Aesthetics. Working moments, the kind of waste and cleaning during cooking or unwashed dishes in the sink can spoil the impression of the guests if someone wants to "wander on a light" early. Limited use at night, if combined with the kitchen is a rest area. Violation of someone's dream sounds of moving pans and cymbals, which will not be very nice.
Kitchen layout - important nuances
With the competent and harmonious arrangement of furniture and work surfaces, the dimensions of even a small kitchen can be turned to your advantage. When planning, it is necessary to be guided by the "golden rule": the arrangement of the vertices of the "working triangle" (plate, sink, refrigerator) from each other at a distance ranging from 60 to 300 cm. Before deciding on such a design solution, studio, you should weigh all the pros and cons, take into account all the nuances. If opportunities permit, the studio is best suited for an apartment in which it will be possible to combine it with a full dining room or living room, leaving the bedroom for rest by a separate room or by placing it on the second floor. Owners of small "odnushek" this option is suitable with "stretch", although often it is the only way to get a cozy and comfortable space. In the presence of children in one room, this method is unacceptable, or the zoning should be performed using a partition. Children should have their own "corner", their own space.
With the help of modern kitchen appliances and appliances, it is possible to virtually eliminate the penetration of odors and sounds from electrical appliances, but the aesthetic timely cleaning of the kitchen area and working surfaces remains with the person. In addition to its own desire, finances, choice of design and interior, it will be necessary to pass a number of agreements on the documentation of the redevelopment of premises (especially for apartments in multi-storey buildings). The current SNiPs and prohibitions on the location of "wet" zones (water supply, washing, sink) over "dry" neighbors have not been canceled, nor about the transfer of gas equipment (island type of planning, stove in the middle of the kitchen). Therefore, in order not to have trouble with neighbors from the bottom and from above and issues in the subsequent sale of apartments, it is better to formalize these redevelopments.Read also: Design of a combined kitchen and living room in Khrushchev
In addition, it is worth considering the issues of hood for apartment buildings. Contact a professional designer who can give competent advice. Make a plan of the kitchen studio with accurate measurements of the location of water, gas and electricity sources. It is not necessary to select zones "with a reserve". Pay attention to the sill, which can be expanded to a workplace or a recreation area and storage of things. From all unused it is better to refuse. You do not have a lot to visit and you are accustomed to a snack in the cafe, so you need to revise the functional areas of the studio in the direction of a full rest or work place. Use as much as possible an online planner to pick up furniture, flooring, color, etc. The layout of the kitchen can be:
With the linear method of planning, the entire kitchen set is located along one wall (in a straight line). The most "sparing" communication type of planning, since most often the standard arrangement of slabs and sinks in apartments is linear. If you correctly place the working surfaces and kitchen appliances, everything will be in "step-by-step" availability. Only one wall will be occupied and there will be plenty of space for the dining area (table and chairs). For most ordinary small kitchens (up to 2.5 m), the only real option is the placement of the headset. It is worth considering the issues of "breaking" the working areas of the sink, hob and refrigerator at least 40 cm apart built-in cabinets. This is done for safety: the dishwasher will not get a spray of washing, the refrigerator will not heat up from the heat of the cooker, the washed products will be folded right next door, they do not have to be carried through the kitchen to the table, etc. If the dimensions of the kitchen allow, then besides the "gentleman's set": refrigerator, stove, sink; add various additional systems and equipment: aerogril, microwave, wine refrigerator or washing machine (depending on the availability of her place in the bathroom).
With a parallel (two-line) type of layout, the kitchen set is located in the kitchen at two opposite walls. It is used mainly in the presence of a walk-through kitchen or having a window opposite the door. One wall usually has a sink and a stove, the opposite has a fridge and a freezer. The minimum distance between rows is not less than 1.2 meters, in order to be able to open lockers at the same time from both sides and safely remove the pan from the oven. Visually "expand" the premises, so it makes sense to think over such a plan for the owners of elongated kitchens. The most significant drawback is that when a person is at the stove during cooking, "traffic jams" are formed in motion to the refrigerator for beer while watching a football match. Therefore, it is worthwhile to think over the parallel variant of planning for the owners of kitchens, on which there is enough free space. Also, in order to visually expand the premise of such a kitchen, remove the top cabinets from both sides. If this is not possible, then it's worth them to order a light tone or hang it on one side only.
The type of layout in which a kitchen set will be located at perpendicular walls is angular. There are two types of angular layout:
- L-shaped (when the set is located along 2 corner walls);
- U-shaped (along 3 walls).
The type of planning itself is very convenient, ergonomic and functional. More suitable for a square kitchen. With the U-shaped arrangement, there are 3 working surfaces, practically "from all sides". Best of all, the U-shaped asymmetric type of layout "flows" into the kitchen, which has walls of complex planning (niches, windows) or when the kitchen itself has the form of a trapezoid or polygon. When locating cabinets from 3 sides, you need a couple of meters of "living space" between them. In addition, the use of a sink located in the corner is not very convenient.
This "island" can be arranged in the kitchen, with an area of at least 20 sq.m. When implementing this type of planning, one of the working areas will be located in the middle of the kitchen. Strictly speaking, the island layout will be two types at once. The second working area will be located at the walls along a linear or U-shaped type. Currently, the island planning is very popular. The square will have to be sacrificed, but it is with this type that the kitchen studio "plays" with its advantageous sides, and the properly selected interior will create a luxurious impression. If the hob is located in the central area, the hood for the "atmosphere" of the island will be located in the middle of the room, so it is worth considering how to hide the ventilation ducts under the ceiling. The dimensions of the "island" part, as a rule, do not exceed 1200х1200mm, in order to be able to reach any corner without making unnecessary movements. Sometimes, as an island, a dining table or a serving wheeled cart is considered. In this case, the countertop is used as a work surface, and the stationary table is equipped with a system of built-in drawers and shelves for storing the necessary utensils. Peninsular planning - this is any kind of planning with the available additional protrusion of the working surface or cabinet with hob, sink. The projecting surface is sometimes used as a bar counter or a serving table.Read also: Kitchen decor by own hands: apply our strengths, talents and skills (50 photos)
Combined or free planning is a mixture of completely different types of kitchen planning, taking into account the taste and desires of the owners. Modern minimalism prevails in the interior of the studio apartment, but some people want to move away from the "canons" and adjust for themselves a strict style of planning. For extra-spacious kitchens, it is possible to place a "circular" kitchen, which is an "island" with a linear arrangement of the headset, curved in a semicircle.
Performed by the rules of "competent" zoning of the premises will create a feeling of comfort, accessibility and appropriateness of the arrangement of furniture and built-in appliances. The boundaries between the zones can be either visual (only by arranging furniture, color or lighting), and physical (partitions, bio-fireplaces, aquariums, arches, columns, etc.). There are two ways to combine two rooms:
- Using color combinations, using contrasts;
- Use of various finishing materials in the design of the kitchen and recreation area;
- Division of zones by means of arrangement of furniture;
- Arrangement of floors (podium) and ceilings at different levels by zones;
- Bar counter, column, low partition or arch in the role of separator;
- "Living" partition from indoor plants;
- Division of zones using a large long aquarium or fireplace;
- Delimitation by lighting.
In an apartment with a combined kitchen "zest" will be exactly zoning and design. The central places even in the smallest apartment "Khrushchevka" will be the kitchen and the hall (recreation area). It is necessary to determine where the owners of the premises spend most of their time (kitchen, living room) and, depending on this, increase the zone of permanent residence, leaving the minimum necessary and furniture for another zone. With the help of retractable screens and partitions, the kitchen is made completely, partially insulated or open. When carrying out the separation of zones, it is worth remembering that unlike two different rooms that can be sustained in different styles, now the kitchen will be a "logical" continuation of the living room and vice versa.
Helpful advice. The zone of rest and cooking in the interior should correspond to one style and interior, although the walls and floors of the kitchen and living room are made of completely different materials, different color scales. The border of the zones should be clearly "designated", so that guests do not have doubts whether there is a sink in the living room or chairs with TV in the kitchen.
Zoning with furniture
One of the easiest ways of zoning, in which additional arches and partitions are not erected. The role of the "border" is perfectly handled by a sofa with a high, level backrest or a pair of chairs set side by side. From the kitchen side, a natural partition will be a corner or a table located along the line of demarcation and made of the same materials used for finishing the studio. This method is also convenient for those who often change the design in the apartment. The partition between the hall and the kitchen can be moved or replaced at any time by something else.
Zoning by finishing various surfaces
The original division of the zones will be when decorating the walls of the kitchen with tiles, stone, plaster, and the living room walls with good silk wallpaper. The floor in the living room is covered with laminate, parquet, and in the kitchen with tiles. Whatever materials the zones share, this will be an original solution. The choice of colors should be carried out in accordance with the conditions of natural light.
Multilevel ceiling and floor
The differentiation of zones with the help of a floor difference was a classic technique that was used at all times and placed "accents" in the room. There is a twofold view of what should be higher. Some "traditionally" raise the kitchen, saying that it's easier to move down with full plates for guests. Determine what will be on the podium, to decide the owners of the apartment, but previously at an altitude were located zones more "important" by status for owners, a kind of "throne" of the supremacy of the area of personal comfort over the public. This separation will effectively complement the two or three-level ceiling from GKL, textiles or PVC film, with built-in lights, mirroring the contours of the zones and with a color transition. The podium can be simultaneously arranged as a place for storing all sorts of things, and its steps can be used to tie in the backlight of the lower zone. It is worth remembering that the zoning of the floor or ceilings is possible only at a sufficient height of the rooms.
Interior partitions бывают стационарными (перегородки, арки) и быстросъемными (раздвижные, складывающиеся по типу ширмы, со встроенным окном или фрамугой и т.д.). По материалу исполнения от дерева и ГКЛ до стильных металлических стоек с полками из закаленного стекла в хай-тековском стиле или тканевых ширм. В переносных перегородках (ширмах) преимуществом является их мобильность. Отделить или сместить любую зону просто переставив перегородку, не составит труда. Выбирать ширмы на тканевой основе для разделения зоны кухни не стоит, так как ткань впитывает запахи. Тут подойдут ширмы из ПВХ или простые решетчатые, выполненные из дерева. Перегородка с окном ставится просто для обозначения границ площадок и обеспечения проникновения света в другую зону. Очень интересно и необычно будет выглядеть «разноцветная» перегородка, стороны которой и текстура будут решены в той цветовой гамме, что и зона каждой стороны.Read also: Kitchen design in a wooden house - 60 examples of interior in the photo
Helpful advice. The main requirement: the dividing partition should not "load" the space, should not be bulky. Unusually and beautifully looks the modern radius divider (rounded wooden and glass), which with its smooth lines complements the comfort of the rooms.
With the help of lighting devices
With the help of lighting, you can achieve a beautiful visual separation of zones, without using other methods. Here there are design laws: the working surface of the kitchen should be well lit, because cooking in the shade is uncomfortable, and visually poorly lit room "conceals" the sense of room volume. Above the center of the kitchen you can hang a modern stylish chandelier, fix the ceiling ceiling over the separating bar and use spotlights under cupboards. The most remote zone from the window should also have enough bright lighting.
Helpful advice. Experimenting with different lighting sources of different intensity and their location from the floor level, you can choose the necessary "light" for work, and "cozy" lighting, suitable for any mood. In addition, the play of light can visually increase the small space of the kitchen, which is often severely restricted, for example, in apartment houses of panel houses.
Which style to choose?
When choosing the style of the kitchen studio, even knowing how to distinguish "country from high-tech", it is best to consult an experienced designer. The basic requirement of any style of kitchen-studio will be minimalism, and here every detail is important, which can be simply "missed" by the person who faces it for the first time. There are a lot of styles of design of kitchen-studio:
- high tech;
- Each Remodeling,
Implies under a calm color design without "catchy" colors and colors. Furniture made of natural wood, the technique used in the kitchen from the price category "above average". Everything should be "thorough" and tasteful. The classics do not tolerate piling up trifles. Particular attention is paid to literate "inscribing" the style of modern elements, which are indispensable. With the wrong approach, they will be rejected by the situation, as something alien.
"Advanced", ultra-modern minimalist style, replete with the presence of built-in high-end technology and gadgets. The main materials: glass and shiny steel (chrome plated, galvanized, etc.). The color scale is cold, as is the lighting of halogen or neon lamps, the surfaces are shiny or matte. Organically fits both in the design of one-bedroom apartments, and in the design of private cottages.
Bright style of "modern" with a claim to oriental motives. The colors of the kitchen are monophonic with floral ornaments. Furniture with a curved outline, but not pretentious (like baroque). Interior design is based on calm colors and natural materials. The direction does not recognize any shouting brightness and rudeness. Of the furniture placed only the minimum required. The space will not look "empty" due to the rich finish and abundance of small, exquisite details.
This style of nostalgia for the "house in the village" of the south of France and the feeling of unity with nature. Color solutions are built on "sun-bleached" colors: olive, beige, pastel, ash-gray, dairy. The furniture is "solid", uncomplicated, wooden. The color of the furniture is green or blue with discreet tones and patina. Welcome the presence of wicker furniture with scuffs, copper and forged decor elements. Plates should be on open shelves. Colorful elements can be light curtains and things from textiles.
This style is dominated by a large number of "natural" elements, wood, stone, earth. The color of the kitchen is white or mustard, a light shade. Green (herbal) color is used in decoration, but without "excesses". As beautiful additions are used "unexpected" elements: a wooden deck in the form of a table, real branches on the walls, carpets with imitation of grass, stones of original forms instead of souvenirs. You can decorate the kitchen in any style based on desires and possibilities. Listen to yourself and the works will be rewarded with coziness and emotional comfort.