Minimalism in the landscape is, first of all, laconism, simplicity, restraint and expressiveness in everything, including color, composition, decor and forms. Landscape design in the style of minimalism implies the absence of any pretentiousness.
Style minimalism "grew" from the constructivism of the beginning of the last century. Initially, it manifested itself in painting and architecture, moving to the design of interiors and, finally, to the design of parks and gardens.
Laconic design of the country house landscape in the minimalist style. A well-groomed lawn in front of the house always pleases the eye.
Characteristic for Japan decoration of the stone garden. Elegant brevity.
The original design of the landscape of the office of a prosperous firm.
For us, the design of your own garden or plot is quite new. What were our household plots before? A lot of fruit trees and shrubs, which were supposed to bring as much harvest as possible. Infinite beds with onions, carrots, beets and all other vegetables and herbs. And no design - just to fit more plants.
Now the owners of not only personal gardens, but also garden areas strive to make it as attractive and aesthetic as possible.
Minimalism allows even a small plot of land to be organized and beautiful.
In this article, read:
- 1 Signs of a minimalist style in the design of the site
- 2 Choosing garden furniture
- 3 Plants in a minimalist garden
- 4 Landscape design "Japanese Garden". Video
- 5 Minimalism in landscape design
Signs of minimalist style in the design of the site
Modern minimalism in the design of the garden combines constructivist ideas and the Japanese philosophy of aesthetics. A famous example of minimalist landscape design of the western direction is the inner courtyard of the New York Museum of Modern Art. If we talk about the eastern direction, then this is considered the Japanese garden of stones in Kyoto.
The consistency of laconic lines is one of the characteristics of minimalism.
Minimalism as a modern style does not tolerate negligence and minor deviations. For the landscape this is an impeccable grooming.
Wishing to organize your site in the style of minimalism, it is necessary to adhere to certain requirements.
Composition and color
As for any other design style, minimalism is characterized by the creation of a complete composition. The difference is that for minimalism, the zoning of space with the help of hedges is not typical, the differences in the color range of individual zones. Rather, it is done with the help of level differences in the plot. The colors present in such a site are not distinguished by violence and variety. On the contrary, the colors are discreet and not bright.
Decoration of the spacious veranda of the manor.
If the house is a lot of flat land, the best option is lawn grass.
Green vegetation is complemented by flower beds made up of 2-3 species of flowering plants, which should also not differ in color. Usually it is yellow, white, blue or purple flowers. The tracks are laid out of stone with a clear geometry of gray, white, terracotta, sand color. In addition, they can be sprinkled with pebbles, but they are limited by a curb or tile.
Forms and decor
For this style, which has constructivist roots, distinct geometric shapes are characteristic. Moreover, the symmetry characteristic of regular parks is not inherent in minimalism. Curves are practically not used here. Rather, they will be clear straight or broken lines: rectangles, triangles superimposed on each other.
Garden in the style of minimalism is made using a minimum of decorative elements. Even the usual flower beds here are rare. There are no such small architectural forms as round alcoves and gazebos. Instead, they use arbours with simple geometric shapes or rectangular pergolas. Most of them are not even covered with plants. The peculiarity of the style is that the forms of the structures repeat and harmonize with the forms of planning the land - lawns, areas.
Maximum open space
Minimalism in the landscape assumes that the maximum of space remains unoccupied neither by plantations, nor by architectural structures. There should be open areas, for example, sports - for badminton, tennis, golf. If there is a swimming pool on the site, it is also open.
Design of the landscape in the countryside boarding house.
The elegance of the pedantic decoration of the landscape of the Japanese garden.
Another feature of this style in the design of the site - the presence of a pond, at least a small one. In this case its shape should also be clear geometric. If it is a fountain, then it is decorated in a rectangle, a triangle, a square. Even polygonal shapes, close to the circle, are not characteristic of minimalism.
Choosing garden furniture
Like any other style, garden furniture plays an important role in creating a holistic site concept.Therefore, her choice should be approached very responsibly. Improperly selected furniture will break all harmony. First, the furniture material should be combined with the materials prevailing on the site. For example, if the terrace for rest and pergola are made of wood, then the furniture should be wooden. However, she does not have the right to be cumbersome.
A graceful, rich piece of garden.
Cozy recreation area. Pergola and furniture are decorated in high-tech style.
To the site of concrete or stone, a harmonious color, but not bright plastic furniture or chairs with a metal frame, is suitable. But, again, you can not lose sight of the shape of chairs, deckchairs, benches. Coverings of garden furniture should be monophonic, with a smooth texture.
Plants in a minimalist garden
Minimalism in the landscape dictates not only the choice of shapes, colors and materials, but also a certain selection of plants.
Best of all in this design fit undersized decorative trees: grafted willow, birch, Japanese cherry. In addition, often used and pyramidal cypresses, thuja, blue spruce.
It should be noted that trees should not restrict space, so they are usually planted on the edge of the site and mostly singly. Around the trees you can make a sprinkle of gravel or pebbles.
If there are shrubs that need pruning, then it should not be fanciful. Advantage is given to a rectangular hairstyle of bushes.
Lawns - an indispensable element of the site design. Minimalistic lawns - ground floor. They are created with the help of more seeds of cereals in the herbal mixture. The parterre lawn is denser and looks more spectacular than usual. But also caring for him is quite complicated. It requires constant qualitative haircuts, minimal watering and enough sun.
Summarizing all of the above, we can say that to design the site in the style of minimalism is not at all minimal effort, taste and, most importantly, sense of proportion.