Modern stylistics of kitchen design recommends to follow a set of rules, from designing the house to finishing. Kitchen interior requires practicality, functionality, but allows you not to stick to patterns, apply bright colors and original solutions. The manifestation of the spirit of the time will be simplicity and sophistication, clear lines, minimalism.
- the presence of more windows;
- the shape of the room is anything, which makes it possible to show individuality;
- The working zone is located in a conceived place;
- Furnish the stove or fireplace, which will decorate, serve as an element of heating, give comfort;
- the vast space will allow to unite the kitchen-dining room with the living room, to accommodate the elements for the functional interior.
Size and shape
Not all rooms are in perfect shape. Already ready housing often has to be adjusted.
With square kitchen problems do not arise, it's easy to fantasize, there are many options. The furniture arrangement here is parallel, L-shaped. If the room is spacious, then in the middle there is a dining table or an island.
Dividing visually the square kitchen into two triangles, one of them is taken to the work area, the second is equipped with a soft corner and a dining table.
Narrow cuisine will require more thoughtfulness. Furniture and equipment are chosen with the smallest parameters. The window can not be cluttered. A narrow room is decorated in a light palette, do not use a lot of decorative details.
The rectangular kitchen is almost as perfect as the square. It is divided into two squares or triangles, beat corners. Nontrivial design of the kitchen will create the right arrangement of furniture, competent lighting, design of surfaces. The dining table is put in any shape: rectangular, round, elongated.
A fashion trend is the unification of the kitchen with other rooms, its design is linked to the overall stylistics of the house. The basis is simplicity without excesses, which is dictated not by deprivation of convenience, but by functionality. Utensils and household appliances as much as possible hide, in advance worry about the acquisition of a good hood.
A different orientation of the premises is emphasized by a bar counter with chairs, a kitchen island, a cutting table. The boundary of the zones is supplemented by a glass partition.
In the case of a passage, they try to arrange kitchen furniture so that it does not interfere with the movement from the corridor to the dining room or to the balcony, emphasizing the boundaries of the zones. For each set individual sources of lighting, use excellent in drawing and texture materials in the finish of the floor. The dressing table or island is arranged in such a way as to close the space, making it more comfortable.
Open kitchen is convenient and practical, its space visually expands, it is not necessary to spend money for finishing "excess" walls, the hostess during the cooking freely communicates with guests and household members.
The kitchen design with panoramic windows has a number of advantages:
- the room is more lit;
- the area increases;
- the views outside the window please the eye, become part of the interior;
- for natural phenomena can be observed from a cozy nest.
They take care of the double-glazed windows corresponding to the climatic zone, about the quality care for them. Security will provide shutters, alarm connection. On the inside, the approach is limited to a special fence.
Principles of equipment and facilities
The kitchen equipment is equipped with furniture and household appliances after summarizing the communications. Everything should match the taste of the owners, their routine, provide for the convenience and safety of family members, including children and animals. It is important to accurately calculate the size of the furniture, taking into account the openings, ledges, corners, the place of the water pipe, sewage drainage, other systems.
The ideal design option will arise after answering the questions:
- How many people are calculated for the room, how many people usually gather at the table.
- What, in addition to eating, are members of the family in the kitchen: watching TV, working on a laptop, preparing lessons.
- What kind of household appliances are needed, whether it will be built-in, what dimensions.
- What is the maximum power consumption should be calculated, how many and what lighting devices will be used.
- What is the sequence of the working triangle, how many storage locations and what are required.
- Is the length and width of the working surfaces correctly calculated, docking with household appliances and sink, the degree of opening the doors, the convenience of placing the boxes.
Do not forget about safety:
- Drawers do not have in the area of the hob.
- Sockets do not plan near the sink.
- Between the hob and the sink the distance is not less than 0.5 m.
In a properly planned kitchen the hostess is comfortable and comfortable. She does not rush between the sink and the stove, it saves time. When designing a modern kitchen, three main areas are united: a place for storage of food (refrigerator), a cooking area (cutting surface), a place for washing (washing). Hence, the principle is derived in which access to any of the vertices of a triangle is unimpeded, as well as:
- The shell is equidistant from the stove and refrigerator;
- the stove is close to the dining area, but does not allow accidentally touching the utensils standing on it;
- The refrigerator does not break the space, is installed closer to the corners, when opening the door does not interfere with free movement.
A universal option, suitable for any kitchen. Furniture and appliances are placed near adjacent walls. The working area is detached, it is possible to organize a dining area, it is advantageous to arrange built-in appliances. If the room is too narrow or too large, this layout will not work.
It is used for the design of spacious rooms that can be through. Plate with a sink put along one wall, and along the opposite - a refrigerator with cabinets. The plus is the possibility of installing the necessary equipment, minus the limited space, the dining table often does not fit.
This type of layout is applicable in kitchens 10-12 square meters. m. Along each of the three walls is placed one of the elements of the working triangle. Inconvenience is the absence of a through motion. In small or large rooms with the arrangement of the dining area also there are difficulties.
The advantage of such a scheme is the possibility of application in small spaces. Furniture, appliances are lining up along one of the walls. Plate and refrigerator should be diluted on different sides of the sink. With a working surface length of more than 3 m ergonomic layout is reduced.
With the island
With the island layout, it is rational to arrange the hob in the middle. Here, the washing is also placed, if the communications are connected. For ease of use, there should be at least 1.2 m of free space around the island. If the island is small, then there are places and places of storage there, the main functional nodes are arranged according to a linear or angular principle, guided by the configuration of the room.
Areas where cooking and washing are done are located nearby so that the landlady does not have to cross each pass with a hot pan or wet vegetables.
Working area at the window
The installation of the kitchen set at the window with the conversion of the window sill into a tabletop is convenient, especially in small spaces. Good illumination of the working area during the day will allow not using electricity. The hostess will be able to have fun while watching the game on the street.
If you plan to install a sink near the window, carefully consider the details before starting the installation. The spout should not prevent the opening of the leaflets, and the water should fall on the windowsill. For radiators, which are located under the window, you need ventilation to penetrate warm air.
Classic curtains are superfluous in the work area. With this planning, choose blinds, Roman, roller blinds. They are combined with any style, if you correctly guess the material and shades.
In a narrow room, do not use swinging doors, but install a modular drawer system with drawers, which is more convenient.
Decorating the room
For finishing the kitchen at the cottage, the cottage there are much more opportunities than in the standard apartment. This is facilitated by the height, area, non-standard geometry of the room. The finish in the wooden house is easier. Immediately after the construction of the building it is reduced to a minimum, first you need only improve the surface of the floor, walls, ceiling load-bearing structures.
Before work, it is necessary to take into account that the structure will shrink, when interior decoration of a new building does not make sense to use materials that form cracks. The shrinkage level depends on the type of wood. Glued lamellas will be used least of all, walls of logs "lead". In the room, where the walls are not sufficiently dried, the fungus will settle.
When finishing walls from a bar, sliding fasteners are often used, which prevent the casing from cracking. Engineering communications are not recommended to be laid inside walls, they are mounted open way, they are hidden in special boxes. Against the backdrop of the tree, the wiring in retro style looks beautiful.
Heating appliances, a fireplace, a boiler in a wooden house must be isolated from the floor and walls in order to avoid a fire. The insulation, made of stone, looks harmonious. Not less than six months after the construction, the wooden surfaces inside the house are cleaned, polished, processed against fungus and corrosion in places where metal fasteners are planned. Then they start decorating with varnish, paints, plasterboard, clapboard, ceramic tiles.
In panel-frame houses nails, screws are attached only to the frame of the building. Hanging cabinets hang on the pre-attached rack.
The interior decoration of the house has its own characteristics. Finishing is preceded by leveling surfaces with plaster. After these works, the walls become smooth, homogeneous, ready for wallpapering, tiling, applying a variety of decorative plasters, painting. The plaster layer also performs heat insulation function.
Alternative plaster - sheet materials: GKL, GVL, DSP. With even walls they are attached directly to the wall, which reduces the cost and time of work.
Who is close to the wooden interior, use for plating a board, a lining, a facade board or a block house. The use of valuable rocks due to the aroma will create a feeling of life in a wooden house.
The walls of the stone house are tiled, stone, wall panels made of wood, PVC. In unheated summer cottages use facade materials: brick, fiber cement panels, facade plasters, they are not afraid of summer and winter attacks of temperature and humidity.
Color scheme for the kitchen in a private house
Modern kitchen combines any materials that the owner likes. In the color scheme, it is desirable to group the compositions and tones around some accent within the same style. The main color is blue, green or orange, the palette of the kitchen has almost no restrictions. Designers always recommend using light shades. But since the space of a private house is quite spacious, all colors are applied here, down to black.
Light colors are the most universal, associated with cleanliness, white and light furniture does not make space heavier, combined with any style, from classic to modern. In a wooden house on white it is better not to go in cycles. The use of wood in floor and wall coverings, furnishing contributes to harmony, makes the room warm, cozy.
In a bright room with large windows noblely look dark kitchen facades, diluted with chrome glitter, light table tops, bright mosaic. White wall in front of the window or a bright shade of one of the surfaces will brighten and brighten the interior.
At color registration of kitchen consider:
- where the windows of the room are looking, using the appropriate warm or cold color scheme;
- the size and number of windows, the landscape behind them;
- how harmonious is the color solution in relation to the rooms adjacent to the kitchen.
Natural wood in the design of the kitchen of a private house
In the wooden house is appropriate finish of the same material. Natural materials create a unique appearance, consistent with the concept of eco-friendly housing. Do not forget about the susceptibility of the material to temperature fluctuations, the response to high humidity in the kitchen microclimate.
After the correct preparation of the surfaces, the most economical way to decorate is the treatment with varnish and paint. In order not to lose the natural color of the wood, they must not be opaque, but transparent. Use also tinted, tinted means that will emphasize the structure of the tree.
To preserve the wooden interior, the lining and MDF panels are ideal. They simultaneously allow to hide communications, a heater, do not demand additional processing. Planks stack in different directions, combine ways.
The walls of the spacious kitchen are covered with a board, uneven bars. The effect of log masonry creates a finishing block house, which does not crack, easily fits. On the floor, organically looking planed boards or a budget laminate. For the aesthetic concealment of communications on the ceiling, the most suitable material is a lining. The cable channels on the surfaces are selected for the color of the skin.
Usually, structures from glued beams are made using a variety of materials and styles. In the wood, it is desirable to keep the exposed surfaces, pretreated with impregnations, covered with varnish or paint.
Which style to choose?
Before choosing furniture, accessories for the kitchen, you need to decide on the future style. In a wooden house embody any design from the classics to hi-tech or pop-art. But to hide from the eyes of the beauty of natural material does not make sense, whereas there are excellent solutions to emphasize the effect of a natural interior.See also: Design of kitchen combined with a hall - 20 photos of ideas
Provence and Country
The country style is most suitable for placing in a wooden house. With its help pay attention to the rough forms of furniture, stylized dishes. The main gamut is white, beige shades. Complement the interior with wrought, woven elements, instead of doors using bright textiles. Even the presence of flaws in the finish will be a highlight, cracks on the walls of the logs will fit into the interior.
Classics and neoclassics
If you want to sustain the kitchen at the same time in a classical and modern manner, combine elegance, luxury with minimal functionality, you will get a room in neoclassical style. Typical architectural techniques will be arches, columns, bay windows, molded rosettes, all sorts of wall-mounted decorative details. In a private house, modern classics are emphasized by expensive finishing materials, the use of ceiling beams, decorative plaster, furniture from solid wood. Grace will give the carved elements, mirrors, paintings with heavy wooden frames.
Scandinavian and eco-style
A distinctive feature of the kitchen, designed in accordance with the requirements of eco-style - is the predominance of light colors, the use of natural materials, the lack of plastic. At the height of the fashion Scandinavian style also gravitates to clear, simple forms, where along with the use of beige, sand, white - a business card. Furniture of strict rectangular shapes made of natural materials adjoins the metallic elements of the refrigerator, dishwasher. A large dining table, as a rule, is absent. It is replaced by a small table, a narrow bar counter. The abundance of natural light provides maximally open windows with little or no tulle. The floor is made of whitewashed board, the walls are also light. The eyes will be pleased with rugs, tablecloths, covers, bright textiles with traditional ornaments, clay plates, flower pots.
Modern loft and high-tech
Loft is great for a wooden house. Walls from logs are in harmony with elements of high-tech, technique and furniture with details of glass, metal. In the course of rough zero finish, wood is treated only with protective compounds, use panoramic glazing. Often the layout of the kitchen is free, a minimum of walls, partitions, high ceilings, functional furniture. Pipes, electrical wiring, ventilation leave open. Use non-standard accessories from different styles: road signs, vases and photographs, wallpaper with imitation of a brick or stone wall.
Kitchen in the attic room
Kitchen under the roof - a spectacular solution. The main task is to think over the communication system. If the attic has large sloping windows, and in its decoration a tree is used, it will become doubly warm and welcoming. At registration of a premise use raznourovnevuju furniture with the oblique upper part. Heavy headsets are preferred by light modular versions, complete with wheels. Relevant are the railings, other novelties of storage systems.
For maximum convenience, the kitchen in the attic should adjoin the dining area, it is complemented by access to an open terrace. The best variant of planning is the studio. Undesirable high partitions, for zoning use low shelves or a sofa with a bar counter. The stairway to the kitchen under the roof should have wide steps equipped with handrails.
Russian stove and fireplace in the interior of the kitchen
A living fire will create an atmosphere of relaxation. It is important to find the right approach to the selection of materials, to think carefully about the design of the room, where there is a stove or a fireplace.
As before "danced from the stove", and now the hearth is a central place, all furniture is located around it, preferably at a respectful distance. The room is decorated in a rustic style, the hallmark of which is a large number of elements made of wood. Interior items are selected simple, calm color scheme. If the stove is decorated with tiles, they become a decorative center.
Household appliances are located far away, lighting is unobtrusive. If there is a couch, it is decorated with rugs, volumetric pillows, blankets in scrappy technique. When using modern style, artificial stone, clinker brick, is used in decorating the hearth. Furniture is bought leather, space is supplemented with stylish accessories.
For the design of the kitchen, the surface finish is very important. It is important to comply with technological requirements, to choose the right material class, the way to fix them. The basic desire for the arrangement of space - convenience, practicality, functionality. This is achieved through careful planning of the work, a thoughtful choice and arrangement of furniture, technology, accessories.