People who have not faced the task of serious repair or redevelopment of premises, believe that having all the necessary tools, materials, do it easily, quickly, and the result is always on top. But getting into freshly built housing, acquiring a secondary, they understand: it's not enough to flip through the design magazines, buy building materials, decorate them with the interior. What looked great in the picture does not fit the height of the ceilings, the size of the windows, the width of the corridor of the new apartment. Serious errors in interior design can be avoided by observing simple rules, adhering to some simple principles.
The color of the walls is selected optimally combined with the coloring of the furnishings, the main elements of the decor, but the strictly monochrome room looks depressing, it requires separate accents - accessories, prints, bright colors.
Cluttering or overabundance of parts
Too much excess furniture, "especially unique" decor, abundant decoration creates chaos. All family photos arranged on several shelves, numerous souvenirs from Egypt, Africa, China, a dozen of their own embroidered panels on the wall, look like a shop window or a museum. To buy at fairs, sales vases, shelves, boxes, clay bells, other knickknacks - a bad habit of many people. If this rubbish is not regularly given away to friends, not distributed to the poor, sooner or later it will occupy the whole house. Some are dragged into the apartment, the country house everything that friends are going to throw out or give away for free on the Internet: maybe it will come in handy. From such a "disease" should also be disposed of.
Excessively minimalistic interior will be too boring. The ideal design option is not to place more than three homogeneous elements in one room. Let it be two or three decorative pillows on the bed, one large mosaic of tiles in the bathroom, the only carved panel in the design of the hallway, two paintings in beautiful frames on the living room wall.
Zoning - the optimal number of receptions
Incorrect layout creates complex labyrinths of partitions, furniture, floor lamps. Between objects it is necessary to leave enough room for free movement - when there are only one or two people living in the apartment, 70-80 cm are enough, if the occupants are more, it will take 100-120 cm.
Make the division of space with:
- objects of furniture;
- gypsum plasterboard partitions;
- bar counter.
Zoning is often done with different coloring of the floor, contrasting decoration of the walls. This is not the most successful option - such a contrast quickly bothers, begins to annoy.
Podiums are appropriate in large rooms - the living room, which is combined with the kitchen, studio apartment. In places where they often do not do it, it's extremely inconvenient to jump on a step every time. Zoning with different ceiling heights is permissible, but a large number of levels in a small room depress.
Too many logical zones in one room are undesirable, except when many people live in the same apartment. Then everyone will have to allocate a separate workspace. More than two or three receptions to combine also it is not necessary: the sleeping zone will separate from a working case, from a wardrobe - a screen. The toilet and the toilet will be separated by a dressing table, the kitchen separates from the living room, the place where the food from the dining room is prepared - the bar counter. In the children's carpet denote the playing area, the sleeping place is separated by a curtain, the workplace of each child is a table. In the hallway light is allocated to the cabinet, the area around the mirror.Read also: Interior decoration +50 photo ideas
Sockets, switches - we design at the planning stage
The time passed when the switches were mounted almost at the height of the average height of an adult, the sockets - a meter above the floor, each element present in one or two copies per room. It resulted in a lot of wires from household appliances, a child or a short adult had to stand on a bench to turn on the light in the toilet, bedroom.
Modern time requires a lot of separate switches for each interior lighting device. Sockets also require a lot:
- in a combined bathroom, a bath - connection of a washing machine, a hair dryer, hand dryers;
- in the kitchen - a mixer, a toaster, an electric kettle, a refrigerator, dishwashers;
- in the bedroom - charging the phone, tablet, laptop, connecting the lamp;
- in the office, a computer, office equipment, a desk lamp will be connected;
- in the living room - TV, sound system, all kinds of gadgets;
- in the nursery - computer, table, wall lamp, decorative night light, in summer - fumigator from mosquitoes;
- in the hall - charging gadgets before going out, lighting the mirror;
- in the dressing room - the connection of an iron, sometimes - a hair dryer, curlers for curling hair.
To start thinking about the placement of certain devices should be still at the design stage - even with the most modest calculation, each person has to charge one or two phone-tablet-laptop, wash clothes in the machine, turn on the light not only over the sleeping place. Both switches and sockets are mounted at a convenient height - no more than a meter above the floor level.
Finishing methods - props, impractical materials
The abundance of non-functional decor such as columns, artificial fountains, plaster moldings, false fireplaces in each room, paintings in heavy frames looks good in exhibition halls, theaters, but not in a dwelling. Textured finish perfectly collects dust, demanding daily leaving. A large number of plasterboard structures that do not have a practical function, looks ridiculous. Artificial plants in the residential interior should not be placed - even the most realistic ones, they do not create coziness, they do not purify the air, like fresh flowers. But for a temporary decor for any holiday, office space, it is quite acceptable.
Pasting paper wallpaper kitchen, bathroom, toilet - an unfortunate option. The high humidity of the rooms will cause everything to be repaired in a year. Finishing clapboard, to create an ethnic style, turns an apartment into a cottage, the textured plaster creates the impression of a factory lobby, the abundance of photo wallpapers with large-format images quickly bothers.
Decorative stone is appropriate only in some styles of interior, but for the floor covering of the bedroom it is excessively cold, the stone textured wall of the nursery is traumatic.
Window decoration - the right choice of textiles
The smaller the window, the thinner, more transparent the curtains are selected. But too short looks poor, excessively long interfere, folding on the floor. A very "rich" finish with multi-layered curtains with a bunch of folds, lambrequins, flounces, lace details, is acceptable only for certain interior styles, spacious rooms. A tiny window with such a decor looks ridiculous. Windows completely without any draperies are permissible, when decorating a minimalist interior, loft, industrial. Blinds are suitable for high-tech design, roller blinds will also become a wonderful acquisition.
Curtains should fit well in the overall design - they are selected for the color of the carpet, upholstery furniture, sofa cushions. Most often, the curtains contrast with the color of the walls, but can merge with it, if so conceived.
Vertical stripes on the curtains visually "lift" the ceiling, light textile expands the room.
Without them, uncomfortable - decorative cushions, a choice of carpet
A carpet for a bedroom, a nursery, a living room should not be too small - this is a gross error. When a tiny piece of textiles lies sadly in the middle of the room, this suggests that there is no taste for the owners or the inability to afford a larger carpet that occupies up to 90% of the floor surface, which will successfully combine all the furnishing elements. The "path" will decorate the long corridor, the staircase of the "rich" two-level apartment. Close to the wall carpets do not put - it leaves a minimum of ten centimeters, otherwise the room will seem cramped. Excessively colorful now is not in fashion, monochrome, but combined with other textiles is preferable.Read also: Corner fireplace in the interior +70 photo
Pillows should not be too much - a maximum of three or five, you can have different sizes. Colorful, richly decorated with embroidery, are only allowed on a monophonic sofa, beds. They can be combined with the coloring of the carpet, but do not duplicate its drawing completely. With the help of multicolored covers for pillows with zippers, change the interior according to the mood - fluffy, made of artificial fur, will be suitable for winter, in the summer they are replaced with linen, cotton. For a square sofa will fit quadrangular cushions, for a rounded bed - rounded, for a child - in the form of fairy-tale characters, animals.
Errors associated with lighting
The only ceiling light for the whole room is not relevant for a long time - the lighting is done for each zone, the significant elements of the decor often have individual illumination. The abundance of large lamps in the decoration of any small room, whether it is a bathroom, kitchen or living room, disrupt the harmony of the room, cluttering it. In a spacious illumination room a lot is allowed, but different - a ceiling chandelier, a LED strip on the furniture, a table lamp.
With the help of light it is easy to change the shape of the room - the excessively elongated space needs illumination of the "long" walls, too high a ceiling is mounted lamps on long cords, in a close room lit up literally every corner. The abundance of light in the sleeping area prevents sleep, it is better to do adjustable lighting. A special panel, to change the brightness and turn off the backlight at a distance is also useful.
For residential premises it is desirable to choose warm light that simulates the sun. In the illumination of the corridor, the bathroom, the loggia, a cold light flux is permissible.
Selection, arrangement of furniture
Many furniture companies offer ready-made furnishings for any room - it is sold immediately in a set. This is not the best solution - a neighbor can buy exactly the same furniture, because he has a similar layout. Originality here will be zero.
Dimensions of furniture are chosen corresponding to the room: a sofa, a wardrobe, a kitchen set, a round bed, occupying almost the entire room, do not fit, as it does not suit and a tiny little table for a huge living room, bedroom.
Furniture should correspond to growth: for children it is chosen "growing with the child", do not hang excessively high kitchen cabinets, shelves in the living room - for undersized people it is problematic to reach them.
Along the walls of the furnishings are very rare - now popular zoning. A rack in a combined kitchen-living room, the studio separates the sleeping area, a bar counter - a kitchen, a shower cubicle in a combined bathroom separating the toilet from the toilet.
Before buying furniture in the store, it is advisable to sit on it, open the drawers, check the convenience of using folding elements. The sofa is quite capable of being uncomfortable, the lifting design of the closet-bed is incommensurably heavy.
Inadequate interior is the main problem, wanting to recreate the design from a glossy magazine. In a typical one-room "Khrushchev" it's impossible to make a full-fledged palace - it will look ridiculous, carved furniture, voluminous stucco simply will not leave room for life. Also, there will not be a loft design in an apartment of 25-30 square meters. m. with small windows to the north, low ceiling. Empty brick walls, an abundance of light, high ceilings with exposed beams - its main features, ornate metal decor in such crowdedness is traumatic. Country style in a house, the size of a hangar, is also not an option - it's difficult to create a comfort here. The solution to such questions is to choose a simpler style, more suitable, but use carefully the individual elements that you like. Excessive mixing of different styles is undesirable - this is a big mistake. The lack of unity of style, the disunity of its elements leads to chaos. If you really want to combine different styles in one apartment, it is done in different rooms, although designers still recommend to withstand the entire apartment in one style.
First of all, stylistic design should appeal to tenants, so you can always find a compromise.
The lack of decor or decor should be
The presence of a certain amount of decor makes the apartment cozy, giving it uniqueness. But the decor is important to arrange correctly. Wallpaper with vertical stripes make the room higher, with horizontal - wider. Too large a picture on them is only allowed in spacious rooms. It is not recommended to duplicate the same pattern on a variety of different subjects. Excessively "strict" interior, completely without decor, is uncomfortable, looks like an office building.See also: Design of the room - 80 best photo ideas
Too high to hang pictures, photos - not an option, because you have to bully your head, which is extremely inconvenient. This does not apply to the case of attaching a story group of pictures that occupy most of the height of the wall. One large bright picture is placed on an almost empty wall - the accent of the room is placed on it.
Functionality, practicality of the interior
Good interior - comfortable interior, ergonomic, safe. Do not make a museum at home, where nothing can be touched, at the risk of breaking or staining. The huge chandelier in the living room, about which the tallest member of the family is always beating, the falling arm of the sofa in the kitchen, the closet door opening into an uncomfortable side, the creaking floor are signs of an impractical interior. If there is no child in the children's separate table or corner for games, the problem should be eliminated. Also, it is necessary to solve the issues related to the availability of the necessary number of storage sites. Lighting the apartment is sufficient for normal work, rest, cooking, needlework, applying makeup.
With anomalously large, small growth - above 200 cm or less than 150 cm furniture, the height of fixing hanging cabinets, decorative elements is selected individually. A small person will need a stepladder, a special step to get the necessary things off the top shelves, a tall one can hit the door jamb, touch the low-hanging chandelier with his head.
From all unnecessary it is necessary to get rid of - floor vases, figurines in uncomfortable places, houseplants, which are periodically eaten by a cat, a collapsed chair, a table with sharp corners, which it is impossible not to hit. The safety of the home should be in the first place.
Complex, multilevel ceilings
Gypsum plasterboard structures, having several levels, made in three to four contrasting colors, are found quite often, but they do not fit any room. If the ceiling is low, the complex ceiling structure will be pressing, when the room is small, the effect of cluttered space will be created.
The abundance of lighting at different levels, the original elements of the decor will give the room a uniqueness, but will reduce the height. Multilevel ceiling is allowed only as the only accent of the room, as it will distract from the smaller elements of the decor.
Provide storage locations
The interior, in which everything is lying around, looks untidy, littered. Therefore, experts recommend that you have as many different storage spaces in your apartment as possible, most models of modern furniture assume the presence of built-in boxes, shelves, sections.
During the Soviet era, storage was carried out in a room, the size of a couple of "squares", called a "pantry". There everything was stored on shelves, tables, night tables - carpentry tools and spare parts from a bicycle, a vacuum cleaner and skis, nails and clothes "for a summer residence". In the hall there was a cabinet-wall, where books, documents, and utensils lay. In the kitchen, with storage, a sideboard, a "Khrushchev's refrigerator," was standing, in the bedroom there was a large "grandmother's" cupboard with a small capacity. In modern times there is such a thing as a dressing room - usually it's a separate room, a corner in the bedroom. They store clothes, shoes, accessories, on bars, hangers, shelves, in baskets.
If space allows, there is also a part of the rarely used home appliances, sports equipment. Outerwear, casual shoes are placed in the corner built-in closet in the hallway, there are also sometimes stored tools. The bed in the bedroom is equipped with drawers for storing laundry, a toilet, a writing desk, where all the necessary trifles are stacked. The bathroom is provided with various shelves, including a built-in bathtub. Kitchen set includes dishes, kitchen appliances, table linens. Living room clutter is generally not desirable - one rack or two or three shelves under the TV is enough. There are often stored books, but they are now not in every home. In the nursery put a chest of drawers, a rack with plastic containers for toys.
Knowing the basic rules of high-quality, high-grade design of modern interiors, it is possible to design your apartment, the house so that it looked harmonious, had no pronounced flaws. If self-improvement is not possible, you can not correct defects, you should turn to professional designers - they know how to arrange the available space without making mistakes. It is not always possible to repeat the picture from the Internet exactly, but it is possible to recreate the basic concept even in the most difficult situations.