Composition in the interior +70 photo design examples

Composition in Design

Interior decoration has a similarity to the construction of a frame in photography. Knowledge of design techniques and architectural laws helps to create the original style of the room. Otherwise, even the purchase of expensive items of a furniture set does not save the room from associations with a pantry. The composition in the design plays the same role as the artistic one - in painting. Therefore, let's consider its basic principles.

The well-planned situation in the house is characterized by the absence of chaos, even if the order of things in it is asymmetric. This is achieved by finding the composition center. It invariably attracts people's eyes, because it is distinguished by its texture, shape or dimensions. Usually it is located in the center of the room, but other options are possible (wall, corner). All other elements of design evenly complement the above-mentioned compositional center. In his role can act:

  • a bed of hosts;
  • Persian rug;
  • Stained glass window;
  • bar counter, etc.

Geometry in design

The latter can be used as a decorative partition in the studio apartment. Thus, it emphasizes the holistic image of a small space, its functional zoning. The beauty of the composition is responsible for the visual comfort of the tenants, regardless of the type of objects. The main thing here is to follow the rules of its construction.

Bright panel on the wall  Decorative fireplace in the interior  Mirrors of different shapes on the wall  Lamps on the bedside tables near the sofa  Bright pictures on a dark wall

Rules for composition in the interior

The use of compositional laws is considered an unshakable condition for achieving comfort in the home. They have a decisive role in creating a favorable atmosphere. It does not matter - it is a question of a public room or a living room. Knowledge of the basics of this interior science makes it possible to design even the most complex spaces: small rooms, narrow corridors, etc. After several years of work in the field of interior design, a professional mastered the art of compositing. This experience is the key to successful decoration. The artistic base distinguishes the work of a professional from an amateur interior. The process of creating a beautiful decor is inextricably linked with the following rules of architectural composition:

  • The composition already defined by the compositional center is defined in the composition. Its role is played either by items of a furniture set, or by decorative accessories. They are first noticeable when a person crosses the threshold of the room. Unconditional domination of one element allows to organize any space around it. However, for this, it must be "equipped" with satellites - additional elements. Without other attributes, the interior of the center does not exist. A harmonious composition is created only on the condition of a competent arrangement of all the elements of an artistic design.
  • Equilibrium of the composition is also one of the mandatory requirements. Uniform placement of objects allows to avoid emptiness in the interior. The reverse situation disrupts the balance of the interior and its stylistic stability. Excessive occupancy of a part of the space with elements leads to an imbalance in the entire design decor.
  • Interrelation of individual elements. In a thoughtful composition, nothing accidental or "superfluous" is allowed. Objects are united into a single whole through some methods:
  1. on the basis of identity;
  2. on the principle of minor differences;
  3. based on contrast.
See also: Ergonomics in interior design: rules and advice

Building composition in the interior

In the first case, the law of similarity of elements to each other is used, when several repetitive interior objects create a pronounced style. In the second, certain nuances are already taken into account. Here the game of color, characteristics of invoices is welcomed. Well, in the third - objects are maximally "bred" from each other. The latter is achieved by finding the exact opposite in nature: by color, texture, style.

  • Compositional contrast. Its importance for the formation of composition in a stylish interior can not be overemphasized. Aesthetic space is largely based on a subtle game of compositional contrasts. Separation of all elements into main and additional entails appropriate decor decoration.

A green armchair by the fireplace

Laconic interior with a simple design does not interfere with the use of luxury accessories. He is only called to place all the objects in their places.

TV on the partition  Eco-style in the interior  Blue floor lamps on the tables  Glass table between white sofas  Modular picture in the interior


By this word is meant the arrangement of interior objects according to a predetermined axis. Perception of symmetrical elements always brings pleasure to the human eye. The orderliness of objects is automatically associated with the harmony of the surrounding space. The presence of sharp angles or relief planes invisibly presses on the mental system of man. Angles are rightly perceived by them as a potential danger. The desire for a mirror-like principle of similarity is in our blood.

Armchairs and tables in a row

The equidistant arrangement of such objects around a particular center easily forms a symmetrical space. However, only in the case when it comes to the usual horizontal plane. Since with other surfaces you will have to play much longer to get the proper effect.

Symmetry композиции в интерьере

If you place a couple of chairs near the fireplace or coffee table, then this space a priori will be considered symmetrical. Of course, under the condition of uniform distribution of the same attributes, the headset.

This principle can be used in every room. Near the bed in the bedroom, bedside floor lamps look good. Installation of a pair of shelves at the other end of the room will favorably emphasize compliance with symmetry. However, this does not mean an absolutely "paired" arrangement of the premises. Elements can differ in design and functionality. The same must remain unchanged: their similarity in size and general tone. Designers use everything that is at hand: decorative lamps, chests of drawers, dressing tables, accessories, mirrors, etc. Their balance forms symmetry.

Read also: Golden Section in Design

Wooden panels in the interior

The complexity is caused by the design of the vertical plane. Its equilibrium determines the harmony of the room in no less degree than the horizontal symmetry. It is important to correctly connect the upper and lower planes. If a person owns luxury apartments with high ceilings, then his task is to fill the voids. A classic option is the use of massive furniture, a large chandelier, stucco molding on the surfaces of the planes. The latter save the decor from the cold of the situation.

Shelves on the walls on the sides of the fireplace  Black lamps in white interior  Mirrors in the rims on the wall  Figurines on the shelves  Sunflowers on the table


It is customary to consider the asymmetry of composition as an equally curious way of organizing space. Contrary to the first emerging association, the asymmetric interior has nothing to do with the disorder. Complex construction is called upon to introduce diversity into the life of man. Avoiding disharmony allows a uniform distribution of visual load. It is also important here not to leave any voids for which the gaze will cling.

Asymmetry композиции в интерьере

For example, the isosceles triangle principle can be used. When 2/3 of the space is neatly made by the main elements of the interior, and the remaining third is occupied by some massive object. In the role of the latter often appear large mirrors, decorative panels or wardrobes. They serve as a counterweight to the richly furnished area.

Chain on the chain in the living room  Room with dining and living room areas  Firewood in a niche by the fireplace  Floor lamps in the interior  Shelves in the form of a ladder on the wall


In addition to the tranquil balance of individual elements of the composition, the aesthetic interior should be characterized by its rhythm. Dynamic movement is usually set by the objects of the furniture set. However, the use of other elements of decor is also welcomed: architectural arches, decorative cornices, etc. The more unusual the designer's choice, the more interesting the room looks.

Infinite movement can also be "interrupted". This crafty technique is used by experienced specialists when they want to bring a zest to the design of the room. By violation of the rhythm is meant the isolation of one object from a number of similar ones. For example, the presence of a colored chair among white brethren greatly animates the situation.

Rhythm в композиции интерьера

However, when using a color accent, one should remember about the peculiarities of visual perception. No one canceled the natural extinction of color characteristics as they were removed from the view.

Shelves along the wall in the living room  Yellow accents in the gray interior  Bright ottomans  Yolk armchair and table by the fireplace  Blue and red in the interior


When they speak of the dominant, they mean a concrete element that fulfills the role of a compositional center. As he rushes first to the guest at home in the eyes, his characteristics should be appropriate to the leader's subject. The center subordinates secondary objects, linking them into a single system. Without it, the composition will fall apart. For the dominant attribute to stand out, use color techniques or play with scale. It is possible to emphasize it with the help of shades of the chosen scale on the other decor accessories. Ideal for these purposes is textile.

See also: Panoramic windows in the interior of apartments and houses

Dominant композиции в интерьере Sofa and table in Japanese style  Lilac sofa in the living room  Head of the bed in the form of glasses with eyes  Island fireplace in the interior  Carpet in English style


By static in the interior means a balanced space, devoid of curvilinear planes. Classical stylistics of a room without diagonal vectors is characterized by a stable character. About this design, they say that it has the property of "stability." At the same static design is by no means boring if the professional finds a way to decorate horizontal elements with decorative accessories. Deep couches with a beautiful cloak or low cabinets with elegant vases will breathe life into any interior.

Statics композиции в интерьере Flowers in pots on the floor  Table with a chair by the window  Blinds on windows  Panel from the bowls in the living room  Pink furniture in the interior


In addition to the above rhythm, the movement can be created using dynamic forms. Their role is played by:

  • extraordinary furniture arrangement;
  • vertical lines upwards;
  • clear geometry of asymmetric design;
  • parquet in the form of a Christmas tree;
  • priority in favor of free space, etc.

Dynamics композиции в интерьере

Variants of arrangement of a room in a modern dynamic style - mass. It is important to choose the most suitable for the specific conditions. Movement is welcomed in those places where crowded gatherings gather.

Cubes in the interior  Stripes on the wall  Glass wall in the interior  Bordeaux curtains in white interior  Design with unusual shapes

Nuances of compositions

To revive the space, sometimes it's enough to understand the accents. Accurate use of several objects in this role favorably emphasizes the texture of objects, fills the space with a visual volume. A common method is the opposition of objects:

  • Mirror or ornament on a matte monophonic background;
  • A small color accent on the plane;
  • A combination of contrasting textures.

The condition here is one: avoid busting.

Composition in the living room in the style of Provence Shelves with decor on the wall  Yellow mat on white floor  Armchairs and a table of the original form in front of the fireplace  White deer on a blue wall  Table of three chairs opposite the sofa


To create an original composition it is recommended to use different invoices and clear colors. An unusual combination of relief decoration with a smooth upholstery of the sofa, a patterned ornament on the walls with monophonic fabrics, a minimalist decor with luxurious decoration of a separate corner, etc. All these examples are distinguished by the presence of contrast, contrasting the texture. Contrary to the collision of contrasting surfaces, a harmonious interior emerges from their interaction.

Contrast композиции в интерьере Arch in the living room  Clock on the wall in a niche  White table and red chairs in the dining room  Contrastная картина на стене в гостиной  Red pillows on a white sofa

Similarity of elements

Here everything is obvious from the title. Using similar items in their characteristics makes it easy to achieve the unity of the composition. To simplify the task, you can focus on one of the usual geometric shapes, whether it's a square, a triangle or a circle. When similar elements of color tend to the same form, a smooth transition is created, pleasant for the human eye. It is recommended to use a gradient for similar shapes.

Similarity of elements композиции в интерьере Oriental motifs in the interior  Fireplace with carved portal  Interior in the style of bionics  Patterns on the ceiling  Columns in the interior


Knowledge of the laws of artistic composition helps a lot the owners of the house during the arrangement of the interior. For designers, the mastering of basic architectural rules is a necessity. Without their application in practice, the interior decor becomes poor and inexpressive. The priority of the compositional center should be known exclusively to everyone.