Comfortability, high functionality of any element of the interior and unsurpassed aesthetics without excesses - this is what the modern design of the minimalist style living room looks like. A close relative of the current high-tech embodied the perfect balance of ergonomics and refinement, thanks to which it is possible to easily recreate the unique decoration both in a large country house, and in a compact city apartment.
The Japanese culture, popularized in the West after the Second World War, became a fresh sip in the development of architecture and interiors. At that time, society was tired of fanciful and screaming design ideas and gratefully accepted the original decisions of its eastern neighbors.
The cradle of the development of laconic flow became the walls of New York apartments in the 20s of the last century. The style was transformed right up to the 60s, flexibly adjusting to the needs of people. Having crossed the line of the new century, minimalism does not lose its charm and relevance, acquiring more and more admirers.
Features of style
The characteristic features of minimalism are associated with a thin intertwining of progenitor currents and a peculiar symbiosis of eastern and western cultures.
- Removing excess interior items that are not functional elements in the room.
- Abundance of natural and artificial lighting.
- The maximum unlimited space, the rejection of screens and partitions.
- The predominance of neutral and calm tones, the use of monochrome color.
- Zoning of the hall with the help of light, wall and floor finishing.
- Strict observance of proportions and symmetry when planning furniture arrangement.
- Perfect order in which every thing is in its place.
When decorating a living room and kitchen in a minimalist style, choose lighting devices that allow you to adjust the intensity of light. The ability to select the brightness of the lamps independently is not only convenient for users, but also at the right time will create a cozy or romantic atmosphere in the room.
The minimalistic design is a hostage to the monochrome palette, which makes it discreet, but not boring at all. The ability to filigree harmoniously combine colors allows the designer to create modern and acceptable interior concepts for any room. The hall is usually one of the largest rooms in the apartment, for which light colors are suitable. To recreate the atmosphere of minimalism in the interior of the living room, it is appropriate to use one of several characteristic colors for the style:
- ash gray;
- light brick or pastel ocher;
- beige or sand.
Do not avoid dark tones: exquisite graphite, soft shades of brown and blue-black serve as excellent tools for creating the right accents. It is important only to follow the principles of brevity and rigor without turning the furniture into a rippling cloth, in which different colors compete in dominance over each other.
The decoration of the living room in a minimalistic manner only at first glance may seem economical. In the embodiment of this style, the emphasis is not only on the appearance of the decoration, but also on the quality of the materials that create his picture. And the real price is square. m of similar building materials usually significantly differs from the average market.
The natural tree is the main source of inspiration for the minimalist designer. Wooden can be not only floors and furniture, but also decorative panels on the wall, behind which it is convenient to hide the wires.
The abundance of stone, glass, glossy and polished surfaces creates the same aura of luxurious simplicity inherent in the minimalistic current. You can supplement this atmosphere by incorporating brickwork, uncomplicated metal structures, smooth cement surfaces, porcelain stoneware and a low-key carpet in the interior.
Sex: restrained nobility
For finishing the floors in the living room most often use practical materials of deep dark shades. The optimal solution will be a solid floor covering made of wood or other imitating analogs. In particular, the granite looks adorned, decorated with a laconic carpet in the classic style.
Floors can be made and in light colors, in harmony with other furnish of a premise. But you should follow an important rule: the color of the floors must necessarily be darker and more saturated than the color palette of furniture sets.
Also, when forming an interior in the spirit of minimalism, it is permissible to use a simple and devoid of pretentiousness of linoleum, dark parquet board or laminate and carpet, which is less practical and convenient to clean, but has a high aesthetic qualities and a tactilely pleasant surface.
Bright walls, devoid of non-functional decor, serve as an impeccable background for a minimalistic composition of the living room. When decorating them, you can use a variety of materials that will be able to emphasize an atmosphere of rigor and restraint:
- wallpaper, suitable for later staining;
- decorative plaster;
- inserts in the form of panels of wood or bamboo;
- smooth concrete.
With the installation of panels from other materials, you can effectively split the room into functional areas. This method is especially relevant for small living rooms in the "Khrushchev", in which, often after re-planning, the hall turns out to be combined with a kitchen. It is possible to distinguish two areas from the bar counter, in which it is customary to mount beakers and additional lighting.See also: Industrial style in the interior +50 photo design ideas
Huge windows - a business card of a minimalistic flow in the interior. If possible, enlarge the window openings if the original dimensions do not correspond to the style norms. When choosing a metal-plastic structure, you should not focus on boring classical white windows. Manufacturers of the profile offer a wide range of interesting colors, imitating wood and natural stone.
Ideal for the design of ceilings in the design of the living room in the spirit of minimalism - the installation of suspension and tensioning structures. Typically, the designer's choice falls on light-colored monophonic canvases, but an interior solution in deep dark tones is acceptable.
The ceiling can be decorated with drawings, however, their selection should be taken with a special responsibility:
- The images should not cover the entire ceiling surface, but be located only above the specific functional places in the living room;
- Unacceptable bright ornaments, for minimalism are characterized by strict monochrome prints.
French and suspended ceilings can be multi-level. Cascades allow you to equip the surface with additional spotlights, increasing the intensity of lighting the room. But ceiling structures should not be complex and ornate: focus on strict lines and simple geometric shapes.
The abundance of textiles in minimalism is a bad form. The variety of decor from the fabric is appropriate in French country, and not in a restrained urban flow. Even if you are engaged in design of a drawing room in a private house, it is necessary to refuse tablecloths, capes for upholstered furniture and various decorative napkins. These elements of the interior can look very sloppy and completely contradict the main principle of the minimalistic current, which consists in the absence of unnecessary and not useful objects.
When choosing a tulle, look at lightweight monophonic fabrics that will not interfere with the penetration of natural light. Curtains can be selected in a contrasting color. The optimal combination of shades will be the choice of curtains in tone to the dark floor and light tulle, harmoniously combined in color with the decoration of the walls.
При подборе гарнитуров для гостиной в минималистичном стиле важно найти не только эстетичные, но и эргономичные предметы. Furniture должна содержать удобные ниши для хранения, которые скроют от любопытных глаз личные вещи.
Preference should be given to low-end sets with a wooden frame. Ornate carving is considered superfluous and too pretentious. The correct geometric shapes and minimum details are the main directions, which should be guided when searching for furniture kits.See also: Rococo style in the interior +40 photo
One of the principles of minimalism is observance of symmetry. A regular corner sofa can disrupt the proportional arrangement of interior items, so these furniture should be used with caution.
In the living room of a private house, it is appropriate to install a fireplace, which not only looks aesthetically pleasing, but is also an important part of the heating system. You can decorate the facade of the decorative stove with a stone that will emphasize the stylistic features of the room.
Mirrors and glass surfaces can bring to the room an original airiness and create the effect of unlimited space. For minimalism is typical the introduction of glass shelves on fasteners made of natural wood and elegant tables with a glass top.
Light - an important component of decoration in any style, but for minimalism is characterized by an abundance of light flux, which can be obtained by installing high-power lamps. Installation of a large chandelier in the center of the room does not solve the problem of sufficient illumination. Therefore, carefully plan the layout of the ceiling luminaires built into the ceiling.
The interior can be decorated with floor lamps and lamps, the laconic forms of which emphasize the restrained spirit of minimalism. The ability to independently regulate the intensity of glow will be a godsend for those who plan not only to take guests in the hall, but also to spend time with loved ones in a more calm and romantic atmosphere.
Side and cornice lamps are ideal for lighting the perimeter of a room. With them, even a small living room will remain bright and visually seem more spacious at any time of the day.
Decorative elements in minimalism
A minimum of decor and accessories is the key to maintaining the authenticity of minimalism as a flow. Perfect order and lack of unnecessary details make the interior simple and spectacular at the same time. Any element of decoration should be not only beautiful, but also rationally useful for the owners of housing.
Do not forget about the observance of symmetry. Therefore, as a functional decor often use paired objects, for example, stylish outdoor vases or interesting sculptures. It is appropriate to decorate the walls and laconic frames for black and white family photos, when placing them, proportions are also observed.
A plain neutral color carpet will serve as an excellent floor decor. The coating can be selected both in the related color scheme, and in a contrasting shade, combined with the basic tone of the walls.
Minimalism in the interior is perfect for both large rooms and small rooms that need the rational use of limited space. Simplicity, restraint and emphasis on ergonomics find more and more fans among connoisseurs of simple and functional interior solutions.