The design of the kitchen in Scandinavian style combines elements brought by Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish designers. The Finnish Academy of Design occupies one of the leading positions in the world, after the Italian and New York schools. And although you can not find the riot of colors and variety of elegant forms in the design of the living quarters of northern countries, this interior style is in demand not only in its historical homeland. Today, build on the main postulates of Nordic design, developing on their basis something of their own, has become fashionable among interior designers around the world, and the results of their work are in demand among customers. Scandinavian style in the interior of the kitchen absorbed all the main advantages of this direction and, despite its seeming severity, creates a truly cozy atmosphere.
There is an interesting option with an opening in the wall separating a small (or very minimal) kitchen area, where only kitchen equipment is located, from the living room or dining room. The opening can be decorated with a narrow countertop, a board-shelf or a small moving table, depending on the height on which the "window" is cut. On the horizontal surface of the opening it is convenient to set ready meals, which then go to the table in the dining area. Moving back and forth a small table can be served in the kitchen, and when you move into the living room, it becomes a corner for the first meal.Read also: How to make a kitchen design in a classical style - 25 interior options
Floor, walls, ceiling
For painting the walls and ceiling of the interior, Scandinavians prefer a white palette: all sorts of shades from the cold sparkling snow-white to white-and-milk, emphasizing the warmth of the home. White color from different angles of view, different lighting during the day does not look boring and monotonous. On the contrary, it represents the richest symphony of light shades, against which decorative details win.
The floor of Scandinavian cuisine is usually wooden in natural shades, neutral colored or tiled. In the Swedish kitchen interiors you can find a black and white (chess) tile, referring to the masters of Dutch painting.
The white floor is very effective, looks great on magazine pictures, but is complicated with real use. It can be seen any speck of dust, a tiny bit or a hair, no matter what color they are. But if you are ready to spend 24 hours a day cleaning, then you can stop your choice on it.
For the design of the apron, tiles of small format are used in the tone of the walls. The apron dissolves against the background of walls and furniture, does not solo, but only adds cleanliness and facilitates cleaning.
Furniture and kitchen equipment
In Scandinavian cuisine, you can find all the achievements of technological progress, and the feature is the use of full-format kitchen equipment. Dishwasher, hob, hood, oven, washing machine (often found in the kitchen area due to lack of space in the bathroom) - usually large items. Toasters and juicers occupy an honorable place without hiding inside the kitchen furniture, because they are constantly used.
The color of the Scandinavian version of the kitchen set is white matte (there are rare shades of gray from light to saturated). The top cabinets can be open or closed.
Open shelves fit into existing niches without cluttering up space, or replace the top row of kitchen modules. Often, for the production of wall-mounted open shelves, a natural tree is used. They serve for the placement of repetitive objects of kitchen utensils or decorative elements.
For worktops use wooden or stone slabs. The natural tree is treated with special water-repellent wax compositions that protect the tree from minor mechanical damage and swelling.See also: Design of a bedroom in a classical style - photo ideas of an interior
Important: 2 times a year, the treatment procedure with wax must be repeated, after having cleaned and polished the wooden surface.
Folding wooden chairs for reception of unexpected visitors often decorate an empty wall of kitchen, having settled on hooks. An unusual technique that saves space and makes cleaning easier on the floor. In addition to chairs in the dining area, benches with high carved backs and decorative pillows are often used.
The cuisine in the Scandinavian style is a combination of absolute workmanship, accurate calculation of all the structural elements and warm atmosphere, which is brought by the original interior details. Without these accents, the interior of Scandinavian cuisine would look like a hospital ward.
So, what to look for when designing the kitchen, taking into account this style direction:
- No curtains. Tulle, ruches, lambrequins, multi-layer heavy curtains in this style are inappropriate. The maximum that can be seen is simple white curtains framing the window with vertical folds.
- The presence of an antique element: the grandmother's table, sofa or chest, as a sign of continuity, respect for the elders and the veneration of family traditions. For the inhabitants of Scandinavia is very important for the family, so in the interior is emphasized the combination of modernity and nostalgia for bygone days.
- Spacious wooden chairs, chairs and a table from different sets, combined with each other only thanks to the desire of the decorator. This is a playful game with furnishings.
- The impact element, uniting the whole composition, can be a white tile stove or its imitation, or a large cast-iron stove.
- A small green stroke: pots with spicy herbs on the table top or the windowsill. Practical Scandinavians almost do not buy cut greens, but prefer live plants that simultaneously decorate the kitchen space and can be used for cooking. To achieve the effect of unity with nature, instead of parsley or basil, pots with flowering plants or a vase with cut flowers are also used.
- A "homespun" rug, located in the center of the kitchen or along the line of the kitchen set. In the first version, he makes out the dining area, the location of the table and chairs, in the second - it traces the route of human movement during cooking.
- Separation of groups of lighting, a thorough calculation of the direction of light flows: the use of a filling light, a bright work area illumination, a light accent above the table. A voluminous plafond (wooden, metallic, glass, wicker) creates a cozy atmosphere for an evening meal.
- The decoration of the walls with original posters, children's drawings, family photos, which makes the kitchen space less technological, lively and warm.
"Do not try to have too many things" - Snusmurik's phrase from the children's book about the Mummy trolls fully characterizes the attitude of the Scandinavians to the surrounding subjects: there should be few things, but of excellent quality. This statement is remarkably correlated with one of the most important postulates of Nordic design: everything must be real. Wool, wood, cast iron, glass - less synthetics, more life. Therefore, the northerners surround themselves with good, beautiful things from natural materials, in the kitchen area this refers to dishes for cooking and table decoration.
- Used monophonic glazed dinnerware or decorated with original linear ornaments that vividly characterize the style of Scandinavian designers.
- For cooking use only high-quality pots and professional knives. Scandinavian approach is this: if there is not enough finance, it is better to buy one first-class expensive item than a few that will soon go into the trash.
- A lot of items are needed for serving. The rules for decorating the Scandinavian table are held in the school, successfully applying this knowledge in practice. Any table, covered for a family celebration, could decorate a first-rate restaurant. Used linen napkins, originally folded or nested in decorative rings, heavy cutlery, several types of glass glasses for drinks simple elegant forms (in special occasions - crystal glass), candles and flowers. But, the main thing in serving is moderation, the lack of pretentiousness and the correct combination of all the components among themselves.