Design of the garden - choose style and layout

Bright plants and path

Create your own garden on the site, ennoble the local area - it is a workable dream for many amateur gardeners. But, how to do it correctly, taking into account the norms of landscape design - this is already a question in which it is necessary to understand. The main criterion of garden decoration is his style. It is difficult to imagine the design of the garden without a clear understanding of the ultimate goal, as well as a single line technically correctly deployed at all stages of its creation.

A wooden mill near the house

Distinctive features of the Country style

A distinctive feature of the style of Country is that you can apply the entire latitude of flight of fantasy. To equip the garden area, things that have already served their useful life will fit. This can be: wicker baskets, pots, clay pots hung on a wattle fence. To create fences and flower beds well suited vine, dry branches of trees. To arrange the tracks use natural stone, cobblestones, pebbles, ceramic tiles. A wooden wheel from a cart, an acting or decorative well will only emphasize the beauty of the decoration. Bright wooden benches, as well as small stained paint stools will be appropriate next to the artificial pond overgrown with reeds.

The bridge across the pond

The gardening part of decorating the garden in a rustic style does not require any special effort, mostly on the backyard planting trees, the culture of the region where the site owners actually live. Among the fruit trees are popular: apple, pear, plum, cherry, cherry. You can plant various shrubs, such as: dogrose, viburnum, sea buckthorn, lilac. Flowers are also preferable to be planted from the region in which they grow. For example, for Russia are characteristic: asters, chamomiles, marigolds, mint, various climbing plants, which can perfectly decorate fences or an arbor.

IMPORTANT! When building a farmstead in a rustic-style garden, one should adhere to a certain binding to that or another region. You should not mix ethnic and everyday life of different nationalities, it is better to competently maintain a single line.

Wheel and cart A trolley in the garden  A cart with flowers  Table and chairs in the garden  Flowers on a cart  Swing under the tree

English style

The design of the garden plot in the English style does not imply clearly delineated lines. All the paths, flower beds and lawns have smooth outlines, here there are no strict geometric shapes. English garden - a shady alleys, tall trees and fences, twined green vegetation. The presence of a reservoir in the natural zone of the English garden will add a certain charm to the design of the infield, the ideas of its creation may be different.

Path from stones and pond

Features of English style

When decorating a garden area in the English style, use certain elements and techniques of landscape design that contribute to the creation of a natural natural landscape on the ground. To achieve the best result, the most prominent decor elements are masked with plant hedges or hidden behind green plantations. The above diversionary move is necessary for the creation of a unified concept, as well as achieving a certain balance. All the paths, flower beds, arches, arbours along with greenery create a single picture integrity, with pleasant soft outlines and shapes.

An old house and many flowers

Do the English site design is not difficult. To begin with, it is necessary to decide where the formal and natural zone will be located. The formal zone is designed for recreation, here you can install benches, statues and fountains, and winding cobbled paths complement the overall picture. Part of the natural landscape does not imply the installation of large decor elements. There may be objects that do not stand out from the general plan. Especially good will be a small bridge, thrown over an artificial pond, laid out of stone.

Varied flowers and shrubs

A bench by the pond  Shrubs in front of an old house  Shrubs in the form of pyramids  Garden furniture in the garden  A bench and a statue in the garden


To play pristine nature, to create your own eco-system on the site - this trend in design has been particularly successful over the past few years. Fashion trends on everything natural and maximally natural have affected the scope of landscape design. The success of this style is achieved through minimal human intervention in nature. The task of the designer when creating eco-style is to emphasize as much as possible the existing landscape and to defeat its features.

Table and benches in the garden

Variations in the eco-design of the area

Ecological design is, first of all, stylized natural landscapes. Some neglect of the garden here will be inappropriate, and overgrown thickets of plants in the territory will not make the site unique. The formation of a full-fledged eco-system is carried out with the help of natural materials. Flora and fauna are selected exclusively based on the characteristics of the region. A full-value eco-garden reproduces unity with the wild nature. The meaning of its creation lies in a unique landscape with a clean ecology, singing birds, chirruping grasshoppers. In such a garden, it is pleasant to recharge with good spirits and breathe in pure natural air.

Read also: We decorate the front garden in front of the house: ideas with our own hands

Garden with pergola and stone paths

The features of creating a garden in an eco-style differ from all other existing design directions in that they are recreated on an already existing territory. While other types of styles imply carrying out landscaping from scratch. This is excavation work, and a complete clearing of the territory from the growing plants and shrubs. Ecological style, by contrast, allows you to beat every hillock on the terrain, while preserving the natural outlines of the relief. The presence of a reservoir will complement the overall picture of the garden, especially a small artificial bog with a duckweed, mud, cane, ditches and frogs will look beautiful.

Pond and gazebo in the garden

Trees and flowers  Bench and flowers in front of the house  Stone walls and a variety of flowers  Table and chairs from firewood  Plants in boxes

Classic style

Классический ландшафтный дизайн участка – это строгая симметрия во всем. Четко очерченные формы садовых дорожек, клумб и кустарников объединяются в единую концепцию, трактующую порядок, некое господство над хаосом. Благодаря безупречности линий воссоздается некоторая искусственность геометрических форм, где центром вселенной выступает крупная композиция, дом, фонтан или огромная клумба живых цветов. Classic style подходит для участков с большой площадью, рельеф предварительно выравнивается, а на открывшейся плоскости разбивают потрясающей красоты сад.

Round bushes and paths

Features of classic style

Classicism of style in garden design is manifested in the proper planning of all paths, lawns, flowerbeds, other elements of garden and park economy. Here the clarity of geometric forms prevails, the correctly arranged accents are intertwined with the baroque style. If you recall the story, you can clarify the origin of the classical style. His appearance is due to the royal gardener of the French King Louis. The king-sun dreamed of magnificent gardens and his servants created truly stunning masterpieces of architecture.

A pattern from the bush

In the modern world, the classical style is the most expensive, while using it, only natural and expensive materials are used. Fountains from granite, magnificent sculptures, garden furniture from expensive kinds of a tree - all this classical, or as it also name, a regular style. On the site are planted mainly shrubs and trees, which are well amenable to a haircut. Preference is given to topiary trees, juniper plants, pyramidal poplars. Trees are planted in the form of avenues, the flower beds have strict shapes. Flowers for planting choose remontant varieties, which provides a lush flowering in the garden area throughout the year.

Garden with fountain

Garden with bright colors  Statue in the garden  Stone vase in the garden  Garden in the form of a labyrinth of shrubs  Fountain in the form of statues of horses

Japanese style

Asymmetric forms are the essence of the Japanese style. Each element used when creating this style is not repeated twice for any of the characteristics. In the Japanese garden, every stone or item of decor has a special meaning, and a whole science is subordinated to the creation of the ennobled territory. Here there is a tranquil atmosphere and peace, and the miniature and minimalism of objects make a fine brevity in the design. The philosophy of the country of the rising sun is manifested in a subtle understanding of the foundations, it is a beautiful religion of creativity with an emphasis on the smallest nuances and sacred meaning.

Trees and paths near the pond

The Basics of Japanese Style

All the items used to create a garden in the Japanese style, have asymmetric lines. Paths and beds of irregular shapes, but keep the balance in the common pattern. Smooth transitions without clearly defined lines are beautifully intertwined and create a single ensemble. In this case, the plot area does not play a role, the Japanese garden can be divided into a small area. Green plantations are planted along the water arteries of artificial ponds, mainly: bamboo thickets, pine, juniper, decorative apple trees and, of course, bonsai. Decorate the garden with alpine hills, rockeries, stone gardens and bells ringing in the wind.

Statue in the garden

The main materials for creating the Japanese garden are stone, plants and water. In the Japanese garden, winding cobbled paths harmoniously coexist with various ponds, streams, waterfalls, bowls of water. A real gardening of the garden will be a gazebo in the form of a tea house. Ceramic figurines of the Buddha, specially built stones, garden screens, national lanterns - all these are components of the Japanese garden. It is pleasant to relax in silence after a hard week of work, to do yoga and meditation. The garden in the Japanese style is a cozy space, closing its owner from the bustle of the outside world.

Garden with paths, pond and bridge

Stones and trees in the garden  Interesting gazebo in the garden  Stone bench and lamp under a tree  Paths on the pond  Pond near the house

Alpine style

Alpine style создают предпочтительно на возвышенной местности. Основным материалом выступает камень. Концепцией стиля является горный пейзаж, для его воспроизведения используют имитацию альпийских горок. Несмотря на трудоемкость процесса, стиль позволяет создать по-настоящему эксклюзивный сад, который в принципе невозможен на равнине. Наряду с камнем используют различные виды растений, вместе они создают великолепный живописный уголок уникальной природы.

Shrubs and stones

Key elements of style

Естественно камень, а еще контрасты – мощеный тротуар отличных друг от друга оттенков, пестрая цветовая гамма растений, разноцветный гравий. Очень удобно, если участок расположен на склоне, это позволит обыграть уже имеющийся ландшафт без проведения дополнительных работ. Alpine style подразумевает наличие извилистых дорожек, подпорных стенок, всевозможных сооружений из камня и насыпей из гравия. Полная картина участка образует единый ландшафтный комплекс.

Stones and flowers in the garden

Plants are planted on the site mostly evergreen, for example, coniferous trees recreate and repeat the nature of the alpine terrain. For gardening fit - pyramidal juniper, thuja, pine, dwarf species of trees, moss, heather. All kinds of water bodies look wonderful: cascading waterfalls, small streams, artificial ponds. For flower beds, it is better to use perennials, plants that are characteristic of the highlands. Landscaping smooths out sharp transitions on the elevated site, and also plays an important role in the zoning of the territory.

An interesting combination of colors and stones

Waterfall in the Garden  Trees and bushes near the house  A path of rubble in the garden  Slide of stones with plants  Ornamental garden near the house

High tech

Style hi-tech involves the embodiment of the most daring ideas, unusual to other areas in landscape design. Full freedom of creativity along with the use of modern materials and structures contribute to the creation of a unique atmosphere in the garden area. Here you can create optical illusions with decorative lighting, any unusual shapes. Abstract solutions best characterize this direction of the style. Brilliant accents on a light background will profitable transform the site, giving it a uniqueness and expressiveness.

A bush around the bench

Features of style

The high-tech style is suitable for plots with any area. As used materials are: plastic, metal, glass, as well as concrete and gravel. The form of design elements can be different, symmetry and asymmetry are allowed. Expressive lines of geometric and zigzag forms create a single whole. All the constituent elements of the garden resemble a futuristic future.

See also: Landscape design of the site in front of the house

Plants and wooden walkways

The architectural elements of hi-tech style are laconic, they are original pots for plants of strict geometric or non-standard fanciful shapes, all sorts of supports for vertical gardening. In the flower beds are planted several types of plants, especially impressive look: boxwood, thujas, pyramidal cypresses. Decoration of flower beds is always consistent in a single style, with no variegation and too violent dominance of vegetation. For the general landscaping of the terrain, a garden-park or parterre lawn is used.

Open gazebo in the garden

Reservoirs play an important role in the design of the garden in the style of hi-tech, they smoothen modern accents, as if breathing life into the system formed. Small artificial ponds can be of various sizes and shapes with concrete outlines, they often form whole groups. The general color scheme basically consists of light shades, with bright accents, here it is important not to overload the territory with too colorful colors.

Backlight in the garden

Table with chairs in the garden  Original arbor  A garden with interesting paths  Arbor in glass  Garden with illumination

Let's move on to practice

To create a unique and beautiful space near the house, it is not necessary to involve specialists in landscape design. You can create an atmosphere of harmony and comfort on your own plot. Run a garden design with your own hands is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance. A beautiful well-groomed garden is the dream of every owner of a country house or country plot. To achieve the desired effect, you must first understand the sequence of all the work performed.

Landscaping of the site with their own hands

The first step is to decide on the style and create a project for the future garden. The project will help to avoid many mistakes in the arrangement. On paper, all four sides of the world are marked, contours of the future plot, all structures, future buildings are drawn. The next step is to draw the location of the levels of gardening. The first level is trees, then there are shrubs, flower beds and lawns. The final part of the future plan is the study of the location of the irrigation system and lighting.

Flower Beds and Arbor

IMPORTANT: for the greening of the site is the south-west side of the adjacent area, since this part of the area receives more light and heat, so necessary for the full development of plants.

Then proceed to clear the territory, land works. The movement of soil masses is appropriate if the project involves changing the terrain. Artificially create slopes, ravines, form slopes to drain storm water, build drains, erect pylons. After the completion of excavation work, they move on to the arrangement of the greening part of the project. This stage is final.

The bridge across the pond

Log track  Flowerbeds in front of the house  Exposition with storks  Bright flower beds  Path from tile to gazebo

Tips for zoning the square

Zoning of the site is an important part of the landscape work. This is necessary for the full operation of each of the individual standard zones provided by the project. The standard plan defines three main zones, these include:

  • front zone;
  • zone of outbuildings;
  • rest zone.

Depending on the project, there can be more such zones in the garden, here fantasy plays a role, as well as the preferences of the site owner.

Zoning Scheme

front area

Несет в себе важную функциональную нагрузку. Это вход на участок, и первое, что открывается взору гостей. Поэтому изначально необходимо обустроить удобную мощеную дорожку и въезд для автомобиля, если в этом есть необходимость. front area не занимает много места, процентное соотношение общей площади данного участка на территории составляет до 10 %.

Further determine the possibilities of the territory for the introduction of decorative elements and the implementation of the landscaping part of landscape works. Quite often the front zone is decorated with climbing plant species, various kinds of roses.

Shrubs in front of the house

Zone of outbuildings

The economic zone is usually located in the backyard of the house, it is hidden from prying eyes. Here erected various buildings for storing inventory, gazebos, greenhouses. In a zone of economic constructions often establish a bath. Practicality, this is the constituent goal that is pursued in the arrangement of this section of the adjacent space.

As well as in the arrangement of other areas here lay convenient paths of brick or paving slabs. Plant green plantings, which mask objects: vineyards, any climbing plants. Usually the economic zone is located next to the territory allocated for garden plantations.

A barn and a bath near the house

Rest zone

The recreation area is located away from the central entrance. In this cozy corner can be located benches, hammocks, tents, swimming pool, gazebos, ponds of different shapes and sizes. Here you can arrange a beautiful terrace for gatherings with friends. Green plantations in this part of the territory are no less relevant, preferences are given to high shrubs, curly plants, hedges of fresh flowers.

The recreation area can be combined with a playground for children. In this case, you need to take care of security measures, making some sort of separation of potentially dangerous places, for example, water zone, pool, etc.

IMPORTANT! The parapet of the basin must have a reliable fence and not slippery cobbled paths. The rest zone is hidden from prying eyes, for this, high bushes and trees are planted along its perimeter.

Gazebo and BBQ

Reservoirs and pools

Turn a country house into a real paradise place with the help of various reservoirs. There are many ways to equip the garden design by artificially created streams, ponds, other waterways. Water reservoirs are relevant even in small areas, the area of ​​which is only 6 acres.

There are several main types of water bodies of large and small forms:

  • Formal - have a strict prescribed form, especially suitable for arranging the classical design on the site;
  • landscape - with an irregular coastline and natural natural outlines;
  • cascade - reservoirs, located above the ground level.

The layout, location of water bodies is influenced by such parameters as: the size of the plot, its relief, the composition of the soil, the level of groundwater, and an organic combination with other buildings and the main idea of ​​style.

Swimming pool at the cottage

Decorative camouflage

The art of camouflage is especially important for creating a full-fledged and well-groomed garden design. On the site there are always places and buildings, which it is desirable to hide from an alien view, or even just to distract attention. These can be unsightly objects, spoiling the overall appearance and impression of the style, or heavy structures, which need to give softness and life forms. In each case, select all kinds of disguises to beat that or other object of landscape design or structure.

See also: Features of the village style in landscape design

Decorative fence

To decorate the fences along the perimeter planted shrubs, loaches and perennials. For this, special grilles and supports are fixed on the fences. The fence can be decorated with artistic painting or zoned with suitable items suitable for each style. For example, accents in the form of original inserts in the form of wheels from a cart or clay pots, worn on a wattle fence, will perfectly suit the country style.

The fence can be decorated with hanging flowerpots with fresh flowers, or make it multilayered. The latter option implies several step levels at once, on which the hedges that form a single composition are located, looks wonderful.

White fence

Decoration of buildings

Beautiful look on the site completely drowning in flowers and verdure arbors, sheds and other outbuildings. The original solution will be small houses, decorated with a multicolored mosaic of broken glass. In addition, the buildings can be decorated with hanging flower pots with flowers, art painting.

Concrete walls of outbuildings can be decorated with overhead panels, wicker elements, screens from improvised materials - for example, from cane.

IMPORTANT! Do not forget about belonging to the style, if the garden is decorated in Japanese style, then all items in the garden design should be strictly subordinate to it.

Interesting shed

New features of landscape design

Landscape design value though and constant, but every year pleases with new refinements of registration. Modern ideas and daring solutions allow you to create coziness in any corner of the garden. Transformation is subject to any styles and directions, but the essence is always the same - the correct design of the garden, the fidelity of the existing concept. So what pleased the designers this time? Let's try to figure this out.

Design of an abandoned garden

Naturalness is what is now in vogue. Modern technologies have firmly entered the life of man, and the use of natural materials is conditioned by the need to feel balance, some harmony, direct union with nature. The riot of thickets on the garden plot is the best way to recreate the uniqueness of wild flora and fauna. Dense vegetation creates the effect of an abandoned garden, in which organically there are rare things. High grass and winding paths complement the overall picture, accents from large stones recreate the natural landscape. Forged arbors, benches, wicker furniture, antique vases - all this reminds of a mysterious garden from a long forgotten fairy tale.

Old bridge in the garden

Zen gardens

When settling the territory in the oriental style nothing is done just like that. Each element carries a certain meaning. This truth is seen in everything, from the correct location of stones and ending with water islands, next to which you can practice meditation or just relax from the hustle and bustle of the outside world.

White paths in the garden

As materials used for the arrangement of Zen gardens, gravel, sand, gravel are used. The color of the plants is mostly green, but there are red and white color shades. On the site in the oriental style there is a laconic restraint, the creation of such a garden is a whole philosophy, it often takes many years to create it.

Stones and bushes


Recently, in the landscape design there is a tendency towards minimalism. It consists in a minimum of decorative elements and regular geometric shapes. Ordering in everything, the abundance of open space - all this is inherent in this style. For minimalism, hedges and different color schemes are not characteristic. Flowerbeds are created from several species of plants, which also do not differ in variegation and brightness.

Interesting design of the garden

Materials are made of stone. The minimum of decorative elements and architectural delights on the site is compensated by green plantings of regular forms. Everything is interconnected and perfectly harmonizes with each other, making this style unlike any other. The presence of a pond is welcome, but there are also certain requirements - the pond and the pool should be of the correct geometric shape.

Wood and pond in front of the house


Now, in the age of modern technology, the tendency to return to the origins of Russian culture is increasingly rooted. Functionality is the main constituent idea, predominant in retro style. Here everything that is connected with the rarity and remembers the breath of the past will go on: old grandmother's trunks, a gazebo with a samovar, benches.

Растения выбирают с учетом той местности, где они произрастают. На участке целесообразно посадить березы, липы, яблони, сирень. Вдыхая знакомый с детства аромат цветущих садов можно на минуточку перенестись в прошлое, ощутить незабываемое, давно позабытое чувство беззаботного и наивного детства. Стиль Retro прекрасен также тем, что он не требует каких-либо особых изысканий. Обустройство такого сада не требует вложения крупных денежных средств.

Samovar in the garden

And finally, the final word

There is nothing difficult in doing the landscape design of the garden area with their own hands. The main thing is to correctly understand the future concept of the garden and try to adhere to certain norms and rules. All the efforts to create a heavenly corner on earth will be unequivocally rewarded. It's so nice to relax on your own site, especially if the owner of the estate himself was directly involved in its creation.

Country house with ponds

A person can not exist without a comfortable environment. The cozy atmosphere has to rest the soul and body. In a country house with a beautiful and well-groomed territory, I want to return again and again. Working on the design of the garden and garden area, first of all, you need to include logic, only in this case you can avoid many problems.

To achieve the best result, it is important to provide plants, trees and water bodies with the necessary full-fledged care. Do not be afraid to experiment, creative approach is never superfluous, the main thing is that the residents of a country house should feel comfortable in it.