At the final stage of building a house or repairing an apartment, there is always the question of how beautiful and inexpensive it is to decorate the walls. Decorating walls with decorative plaster is one of the most popular options for decorating walls, both inside and outside the house. The process of applying decorative plaster is creative and requires special skills, but, with a great desire, it can be performed independently. In this article we will talk about the main features of decorative plaster, as well as its pros and cons.
Decorative plaster for interior decoration of walls - pros and cons
Decorative plaster for interior wall dressing has the following advantages:
- Easy application of plaster to walls;
- The resulting plaster pattern will be unique for each wall;
- Ecological compatibility of plaster coating;
- Absence of joints and seams on the walls after finishing;
- Strength and resistance to dust and dirt;
- Possibility to wash the contaminated plaster surface;
- The walls, finished with decorative plaster, have increased sound insulation;
- The possibility of painting a plastered wall allows the flight of imagination in the design
However, in addition to pluses, the decoration of walls with decorative plaster also has disadvantages:
- The difficulty of removing plaster from the walls;
- Quality imported plaster is quite expensive;
- Before applying decorative plaster to the walls, they must be further cleaned and processed
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Decorating walls with decorative plaster: types of plaster
Decorative plaster is of two main types: facade and interior. The most resistant to external influences is the facade plaster, so it is used for finishing the outer walls of the house.
There are such types of decorative plaster for walls in composition:
Interior plaster is divided into four main types:
- Silicate plaster
It is produced on the basis of "liquid glass", and is most often used for finishing the exterior walls of a building. This kind of plaster has a high plasticity and is very durable. In stores, it is delivered ready for use.
- Mineral plaster
It is the cheapest plaster. It is based on ordinary cement and has a white color, so it requires staining. Such plaster is sold in dry form with bags.
- Silicone plaster
Silicone plaster имеет в своем составе силиконовые смолы, которые делают ее очень пластичной и влагостойкой. Штукатурка продаётся сразу готовой к применению.
- Acrylic plaster
Acrylic plaster изготавливается на основе акриловой смолы, что делает такую штукатурку стойкой к деформации основания. Данная штукатурка продаётся готовой к нанесению.
Classification of decorative plaster according to the effect:
- Structural plaster
This type of plaster has a granular structure with the addition of small granules and can have inclusions of natural stone, fine fraction or wood.
- Facial plaster
This type of plaster allows you to give the surface of the walls a special relief and texture. It can also have inclusions of granules, and differs from structural plaster with a slightly different composition.
- Venetian plaster
Venetian plaster изготавливается из мраморного порошка, что придаёт стенам эффект отделки натуральным камнем. Главным преимуществом такого вида штукатурки является ее полная водонепроницаемость.
Necessary preparation of walls for decorative plaster
Before the decoration of the walls with decorative plaster is started, it is necessary to clean and prepare the walls. The old coating (wallpaper, paint or plaster) is removed from the walls, and the crevices are covered with putty. Then, before applying plaster, the walls must be additionally primed. The wall is ready to proceed to the plaster.
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