Very beautiful looks in the garden elegant and always abundantly blooming jasmine - a shrub that many masters plant. White simple or terry-shaped flowers emit a pleasant aroma that resembles the smell of strawberries. It is especially strong at sunset.
In the spring frenzy of aromas, he is one of those that can not be confused with any other smell: sweet, tart and light at the same time. He turns his head and brings out the most romantic moods. Drowning in his fragrance, it's so sweet to fall asleep. All this applies to jasmine - shrubs from the family of olives.
In this article, read:
- 1 A bit of history
- 2 Jasmine syrup
- 3 Jasmine Oil
- 4 Planting and care
- 5 Benefits of jasmine and its collection
- 6 Magic nectar from bronchitis
- 7 Chubushnik (jasmine). Landscape tricks. Video
- 8 Gift of the goddess of wisdom Athens - fragrant jasmine
A bit of history
The name of the plant comes from the Persian name Yasmin, whose meaning can be interpreted as "a soul that carries energy and preserves life." In the Arab countries, girls are often called that because the woman, despite her subordinate role in the Muslim world, is the keeper of the hearth, and she needs a lot of strength and health to play this role. It is believed that the name given at birth will help the girl to become happy. Apparently, the belief in the magical power of this name caused Mohammed Muleszgul, the famous Algerian writer who wrote a novel about the life of Afghanistan under the Taliban, took the female pseudonym - Yasmin Khadr.
Jasmine is a shrub of the olive family with white star-shaped flowers. The native land of jasmine is considered Arabia and East India.
Fragrant jasmine in the southern regions of Russia blooms from April to September, the collection of flowers begins in July before the beginning of autumn.
The jasmine plant, according to the ideas of the eastern peoples, has magical power, helping to cope with many ailments caused by metabolic disorders, can breathe life into fading civilizations and ideas. For these reasons, in many countries of the South-Eastern region, its flowers are considered a symbol of the country.
This idea is related to the legend, born in the Middle East in time immemorial, in which the captive Egyptian princess saved the life of the Persian Sultan (he was dying from wounds received in a heavy fight). She cooked a sweet and tart syrup from the flower petals of jasmine and sipped the sultan for several days. Yasmin prepared jasmine oil and healed the wounds of a brave military leader. A few days later the sultan recovered and after that made Yasmin his beloved wife. They ruled the country wisely, the people became rich, and the sultanate became a strong and influential state.
Perennial large varieties of shrubs reach a height of 3-4 meters. Crown densely with dark brown-gray leaves have an elongated oval shape.
Southern beauty, jasmine shrub is called "the king of all flowers" for an unusually rich aroma and beauty.
The curative properties of this magnificent shrub with beautiful white flowers are known to people since ancient times. And not only among the peoples of the tropical and subtropical countries.
For the treatment of diseases use jasmine syrup. The process of its preparation is simple:
- Collect the uncovered jasmine flowers. Separate petals from sepals. Fold the petals in a jar and fill with cold salted water (1 tablespoon per 1 liter of cold unboiled water). Allow the petals to stand for 30 minutes to get rid of insects and bacteria. After drain the water and put the petals on the tray, so that they dry up a little.
- Pour the water into a saucepan with a thick bottom. When the water boils, put sugar in, let it dissolve completely and become caramel, so that the syrup becomes thick and viscous.
- In boiling syrup, lower all the leaves, mix well, boil and remove the foam. After reducing the heat, tightly close the lid and protil no more than 15 minutes. Cool the syrup within 24 hours without opening the lid.
- The next day, express the sweet syrup, wipe the petals through a sieve. Combine the puree from the petals with the syrup, mix, put in a glass or ceramic jar and close tightly with a sheet of parchment.
The syrup is ready for use. Keep it in a cool dark place. The longer it stays, the better its taste and aroma.
Dried jasmine flowers.
To prepare the oil, you will need a cup of jasmine petals and a cup of extra virgin olive oil. Fold the petals in a ceramic mortar and pound them with a ceramic pestle to a uniform, thick mass. Transfer it to a ceramic jar with a ground lid. Preheat the oil to 50 ° C and pour the pitted petals. Close the jar and shake well to mix. Allow the oil to cool to room temperature, wrapping the jar with a warm blanket, so that the cooling process takes at least 12 hours. After that, the oil is ready.
It can be stored for 6 months (tightly closed and in the refrigerator). Do not leave oil in daylight - it oxidizes for 12 hours and becomes unsuitable even for external use.
Planting and care
Jasmine shrub grows almost all over the globe. More than 170 species of this plant are known. Usually it is planted as a living fence. Very good varieties of jasmine, similar to the vine.
Jasmine is unpretentious to soils, but it grows better on fertile lands.
Very sensitive to watering. In arid seasons, each shrub requires 20-30 liters of water a week. Dilute it with seeds, cuttings or dividing the bush.
So, jasmine: planting and caring for him are what? The first method will require patience, because the blossom jasmine blossom will only begin for the third year after emergence. Seeds do not germinate, do not stratify (that is, do not stand in the refrigerator), do not lead to swelling. It is best to plant several seeds in one large peat pot, chopping 2 cm. Then you must wait for the first shoots, after the appearance of the third real leaf, dive into separate peat pots. Seedlings should be grown on the sunny south or south-west side, jasmine does not like too much shaded places. Watering should be done once in 2-3 days as the soil dries. Seedlings are usually not fed, because the seeds have a fairly large supply of vitality.
For the preparation of jasmine syrup, we collect only the white petals and, without letting them dry, add up the layers with sugar.
In southern regions (for example, in the Caucasus or the Black Sea coast) seeds are planted immediately in place. In February, when the first thaws start, the snow is removed from the soil and, after filling the seeds for 2-3 cm, sprinkle them with peat crumb. Then the planting site is covered with coniferous lapnik. After the onset of steady heat, lapnika is removed and jasmine is allowed to grow freely and freely. The distance between plants should be at least 50 cm.
After emergence of shoots, put a stick to each plant and tie a thin stalk of jasmine to it so that it does not break spring rains and winds.
As for propagation by cuttings, a cuttings suitable for breeding jasmine is a two-year shoot cut off under the third kidney and above the first kidney. The cut must be made with a sharp garden knife. The lower cut must be done at an acute angle, the top one at the straight. Plant cuttings in a warm place (if the snow is still on the street, then in the greenhouse), they should be installed at an angle and covered with a film and other material that passes through the ultraviolet and retains heat. As a rule, they take root within 3 weeks. After they can be transplanted into place. Soil for them should be prepared, the bottom of the hole must be sprinkled with sand and covered with a layer of humus. Deepen the plant can be, dropping below the kidney more than 2 cm, otherwise the bush will not get accustomed, but rot. When planting under a bush, you must pour out at least a bucket of warm water.
A month after planting, the plant can be fed by dissolving a match box of urea in a bucket of water. Around the trunk it is necessary to pour a couple of shovels of shovel ash. After flowering, the plant must be supplemented with superphosphate. To do this, loosen the soil and make a matchbox of dry fertilizer under each bush.
With proper agrotechnics, after dividing the root, the shrub will bloom in the first year. To do this, it is necessary in the early spring, when it snows, dig a bush and divide it into several trunks. Jasmine is better placed in a row, leaving a distance of 50 cm between plants. The preparation of the soil and the care of jasmine are carried out in the same way as when planting the cuttings.
The use of jasmine and its collection
Flowers of this plant are considered valuable, because they are characterized by tenderness and high oiliness. All jasmine flowers contain essential oils, as well as 3 acids - formic, benzoic and salicylic, which provide antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of preparations prepared on the basis of petals.
If you have excessively expanded pores, you need to wipe your face with jasmine oil, it will cure even acne and teenage pimples.
For domestic consumption, use a syrup. For therapeutic purposes, to get rid of hepatitis, varicose veins and internal inflammation, it is used as follows: a dose of 30 g is dosed and drunk within a day in small sips. If there is a need to recover from a trauma or surgery involving large blood loss, the dose of syrup is increased 2-fold.
Contraindications for use are the first trimester of pregnancy and an allergy to the chemicals that make up its composition.
The history of the popularity of tea with jasmine is associated with Chinese healers who claimed that jasmine has the properties of an aphrodisiac, helping women to become desirable.
Кстати, цветки жасмина распускаются ночью. Для растительного сырья годятся только полностью распустившиеся соцветия, поэтому на сбор этого лекарственного растения выходят глубокой ночью. С одного куста получают, как правило, около 200 г лепестков. Если сделать математический расчет, с 1 га плантации жасмина получают чуть больше 2 л ароматного масла. Jasmine oil, выгнанное из лепестков японского или китайского кустарника, считается самым дорогим ароматом мира, поэтому европейские и американские парфюмеры порой выкладывают не менее 3 тысяч долларов за 1 л этой божественной амброзии.
Magic nectar from bronchitis
Autumn and spring are seasons characterized by exacerbation of bronchitis. To get rid of this misfortune once and for all, the inhabitants of Southeast Asia came up with a magic nectar. Take 150 ml of white grape juice or white dry wine, add 1 tsp to it. jasmine syrup and lemon slice. Drink this delicious cocktail once a week. It is checked by age-old experience, the disease will recede.
Green tea with jasmine is very useful for bronchial and lung diseases. Chinese doctors say if you combine tea ceremony with breathing exercises and special self-massage, you can cure severe forms of pneumonia and tuberculosis.
If you follow the care of the plant all the rules, it can become a real decoration of your summer cottage, and its fragrance will please you for a long time. Great looks and a hedge of jasmine. The main thing is to properly plant shrubs and feed the plant.
Chubushnik (jasmine). Landscape tricks. Video
Gift of the goddess of wisdom Athena - fragrant jasmine