Every man, for once in his life, bought roses: for his birthday, wedding, anniversary, etc. But there are those who grow shrub roses. And this occupation is quite fascinating, pleasant and not very difficult.
Roses differ in a variety of forms, shapes and palette. They are large and small, pink, purple, red, white, yellow or other shades. And this is not surprising, because the florists say that there are about 200 varieties of such roses.
Fragrant arch of curly rose bushes in the botanical garden of Hamburg.
The park is a rose garden - the palace of the "queen of flowers".
Million roses under the window.
In this article, read:
- 1 Planting roses
- 2 Reproduction of flowers
- 3 Low-grown roses
- 4 Blumba with your own hands
- 5 Rosary in landscape design
- 6 Roses: planting, pruning, reproduction (cuttings, cuttings). Useful advice. Video
- 7 Charming flower queen - rose
In order to plant shrub roses, in the first place, you need plenty of space. It is not recommended to plant roses for those who rarely visit the dacha, because such bushes can not be left long without care for them.
Planting flowers occurs after frosts, early spring. Before planting roots in the hole, shorten them. They should not be longer than 30 cm. Also, the roots of flowering roses should be lowered into a solution of liquid clay - this will help the bush to settle down into an unusual environment.
Plant shrubs in a clean place, where the soil without weeds and excess debris. It is necessary to loosen the upper sphere of the soil, since in the bushes the root system does not go deep into the ground. In summer blossoming, it is necessary to loosen the ground more often and water the roses, and closer to the autumn less often.
Plant garden roses closer to trees, which in a certain period of the day will protect the bush from the scorching sun, and in the cold season from the wind.
If the bush grew more than 2 m in height, it must be cut. And also from the unfruitful and wilted branches need to get rid of. For such beautiful flowers, regular feeding is required, so stock up with liquid mineral fertilizer. Especially when new buds appear, bait bait is very important. The process of bait is as follows: it is necessary to remove a small layer of earth near the roots of roses, fill the fertilizer, and return the harvested land to its place. After that, pour a little water.
Shrub roses love systematic watering with water, but they do not like a lot of water. More water should be poured during the period when new green leaves grow and new shoots break through. Therefore, in the morning before the heat, pour the roots of roses. In the watering of roses for the night is not necessary - it can even be dangerous. Since the nights can be cold, and the bush is still wet, that is the probability of freezing the flower, the development of fungal infections. Still such bushes like spraying with water, especially on a hot day. But shrub or garden roses closer to winter do not need intensive watering, except that if the autumn is dry and prolonged. But in this case it is important not to overdo it with water.
For the winter must wrap up completely bush roses, because they are very afraid of frost.
Landing roses на садовом участке.
Cuttings of bush roses are best planted in late autumn.
We prepare the cuttings for planting.
Reproduction of flowers
In late July, when the bushes bloom, it is necessary to cut off the young shoot. Sprigs, on which there are 3 branches, are cut slightly obliquely. The cut stem is required to be planted in a hole, without fertilizers and other preparations. Then escape is covered tightly with a jar and so it remains until the winter.
And when frosts already occur, the cut must be covered with sawdust or other means that will provide heat. With the advent of spring, the bank is removed, and the flower can be transplanted as needed. Do not expect that this year the seedling will give flowers, it usually grows stronger, develops, and the next year will please you with a tender rose. Such a new escape requires regular fertilization.
Curbs or decorative roses - this is a low-grade flower. They differ in their height, which can be determined from the name of this plant. Usually they grow no more than 300 mm up, but they have fairly large flowers and leaves.
When undersized roses grow, in this period they do not need pruning. In winter, they usually build a shelter. Such small flowers can grow not only on the ground, but also in containers, balcony baskets and vases. In this sort of flowers are terry, and when they wither, they self-clean due to the fact that each leaf falls off individually.
A dwarf rose is less sensitive to rain, but this does not mean that it should be watered more often than a bush, or that it is less afraid of winter. Such a miniature rose needs a spacious place, which is well ventilated and illuminated by the sun. Therefore, if you are cleaning the rose for the winter for a winter, then somewhere in May, carry it under the open sky.
The soil for planting low-growing roses should be with humus and sand. If you have an ordinary garden land, then enrich it with trace elements.
In the spring, dwarf shrubs need pruning. Cut all dead, dry and unpromising shoots. Do not be afraid to leave 3-4 shoots, but healthy and strong. It is from them that beautiful growth and flowering will begin.
This sort of roses propagates cuttings, somewhere from August. To do this, it is necessary to cut off the cuttings from those flowers that have matured. Then put their roots in the water. When they grow back, and this will happen in about 7-9 weeks, they need to be planted in the soil.
White English roses.
Raspberry double terry buds of the Canadian rose Morden Centenuial - the flowers reach a size of 7-10 cm.
A fragrant bush of a white rose is a sort of Sally Holmes.
Blumba with your own hands
Flower beds from roses usually please the eye of everyone who sees them. The flower bed should be chosen according to the shape, color and size of the flowers. And a huge role is played by which plants are planted in the neighborhood. Therefore, you need to carefully choose a rose and other flowers.
Choose the shape of the flower bed depending on the free space in your garden. Due to the fact that there are many varieties of roses, flowerbeds can be made with transitions from small sizes to large ones, from delicate flowers to saturated ones. Between roses, lavender, ivy, violet and delphinium grow well. It is interesting to plant roses with vesennetsvetuschimi plants by the fact that some blossom then, while others blossom.
If you want to make flower beds of different colors, then remember that the rose must be given a place of honor, since it is the queen of flowers. From high park roses it is possible to make separate islets in the form of heart or other form. You can make a blossoming carpet of dwarf flowers, and in the background plant a climbing rose. Make a beautiful path to a house or garden of dwarf roses of the same color or with a transition. For example, red flowers can be diluted with white, yellow or cream. Do not mix cold with warm tones.
Curly roses on the plot are particularly well looked on the lattices of arbors and arched constructions.
Rosary in landscape design
Landscape design differs from the usual flower bed more elegant art. After all, its harmony with flowers is diluted by architecture: beautiful figurines, vases, fountains.
Ground-cover roses are most suitable for landscape design. It is this sort of roses that will not give you much trouble, but on the contrary, it will perfectly decorate your garden, terrace or slope.
Thanks to hanging flowers, it's very nice to plant them from a slope, over borders or in vases. Very gently and aesthetically, they look all year, even when they do not bloom. It is this species that is very resistant to diseases and winter.
For solitaires, when planning landscape design, roses with shaggy shoots are used.
They will also decorate your arbor very nicely.
German experts engaged in the reproduction of roses, identified only a few varieties suitable for landscape design: broad with whitewashed shoots, low, but highly branching, low creeping, wide erect and low with long creeping shoots. Roses in landscape design are very well combined with such colors:
- bells, iris, cuff (better for the upper tier);
- delphinium, dahlias and digitalis (better for the middle tier);
- lilies, bulbous primroses, clematis (for the accent of the lower tier).
Roses in landscape design look very nice and gentle. From them in your garden you can make an arch over a path or flower beds.
Attention! That nothing happens to your roses, be very vigilant to the following manifestations:
- black or purple spotting;
- gray rot;
- false spotted dew;
When you notice something like this on your bush, immediately take measures to treat it so that this beauty does not die. Then you can enjoy a healthy and beautiful rose.
Roses: planting, pruning, reproduction (cuttings, cuttings). Useful advice. Video
Charming queen of flowers - rose