Decorative plaster in the kitchen: a variety of types and

Decorative plaster in the kitchen today is much more often already orderly podnadoevshih wallpaper. And this has its justification - the best indicators in aesthetic and practical aspects. The kitchen is one of the main premises in the apartment, it can be said, uniting the whole family. Here, besides the cooking itself, they gather at the dinner table, hold family councils, arrange gatherings with friends. And, of course, every housewife wants to see her kitchen comfortable and presentable.

Decorative plaster in the kitchen: pros and cons

Initially, it is worth noting that decorative plaster in the kitchen - it's not just a mixture, leveling the walls, to which all have long been accustomed. This is a special material, which is a mass in the form of a homogeneous paste for the final decoration and decoration of walls and ceilings. Plaster for kitchen contains the smallest fractions of marble chips, granite, sand and some other materials (natural or artificial), depending on the type. Undoubted advantages of such a coating include resistance to fat, moisture, ease of maintenance, lack of joints and seams, as well as the fact that decorative plaster for the kitchen does not absorb odors and does not emit toxic substances. As for the shortcomings, there are two main points. First of all, labor-intensive dismantling. If, over time, the old covering gets bored, then it will have to be dismantled with such rather powerful construction tools as, for example, a punch, or plaster the relief surface with subsequent alignment. Secondly, it is not recommended to apply plaster in new buildings, because for several years there will be a so-called "shrinkage" at home, and beautiful plaster can crack.

To date, decorative plaster for interior decoration of kitchen walls is represented by a large assortment in any construction shop. In order to correctly determine and achieve the desired result, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the main types and methods of applying this material.

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Decorative plaster in the kitchen: a variety of types and methods of application

Initially, it is necessary to emphasize that the kitchen walls are decorated with acrylic plasters (there are also silicate and silicone plasters), which is more water resistant, does not require an ideally treated base and dries much faster. It, in turn, is divided into several main types, namely:

  • Structural (textured) decorative plaster for the kitchen contains mineral crumb and grains of different sizes. In the process of applying this plaster, a certain pattern is created (for example, plaster "bark beetle" in the kitchen creates the appearance of grooves, as if done by bugs). Some variants contain special granules that burst during application, resulting in an attrition effect. In any case, the walls turn out to be textured with a rough finish. They may look like wood, paper, etc. The appearance of this finish coat is a kind of plaster like "Africa". When applied, it has a crocodile or snake skin texture, which suits well to rooms decorated in ethnic style. Structural plaster is also used in such styles as country, cheby-chic, classical and Mediterranean.
  • Plaster, imitating a stone or, as it is also called, "Venetian" contains in its composition granules of marble, malachite, quartz and other natural materials, through which a variety of shades are formed and a "pearl" effect can be achieved. Today, the most popular is the Venetian stucco in the marble kitchen. An interesting fact is that even in ancient Rome a mixture with the addition of marble flour was adorned with walls of buildings. Such decoration can be found on the walls of ancient cathedrals that have survived to this day. This kind of plaster may have a smooth surface or a relief, depending on the application methods. It is suitable for kitchens in a classical style, or with minimalism.
  • Plaster for concrete is mainly used in such styles as "high tech", techno, loft. In this case, as a rule, gray color is used, which can be uniform, or with smears of white and black shades. In some design solutions, such a stucco in the kitchen can mimic a metallic sheen.
  • Sgraffito - decorative plaster in the kitchen, which has the form of applique, and, to be more precise - a special technique for applying stucco using stencils. It has varieties: in the first case, the coating is initially applied to the wall, and then, on a stencil, a pattern is scratched in it. In the second variant, the subsequent plaster layers are superimposed over the stencil. So, for example, the voluminous clouds on the ceiling will look original.
  • Smooth plaster is most applicable in kitchens with a small area. In this case, the finishing coat is applied in two layers, leaving the surface absolutely flat.
  • Flock - a fairly new technology, consisting in the fact that the already plastered surface is sprayed with textile fibers. At the same time, the coating with flock plaster resembles a kind of silk fabric. In conditions of even very high humidity, molds and fungus are not formed on it due to high transmissivity.

Decorating the walls of the kitchen with decorative plaster has its own characteristics. It should be borne in mind that such a coating has the ability to dry quickly, so it is desirable that such work produced two people. At the same time, one puts a composition on the wall, and the other distributes it and sets the relief. To achieve a deeper and relief pattern, a large amount of material is required, which should be taken into account in the preliminary stage of calculations. Decorative plaster in the kitchen has many options for application. Here you can use special rollers with a raised surface, serrated spatulas, stencils, sponges and other tools, and you can distribute the composition simply with your hands. The simplest way to perform decor is the technique of "nabryzgov." In this case, the texture is applied using a trowel or broom. Also, on the freshly applied material, it is possible to carry out "hatching" using a metal brush and, already drying the surface, wipe with rags. When decorating a pattern, the movements of the tool can be of different trajectory (longitudinal, transverse, etc.) - it all depends on the design conceived.

Read also: Modern decoration of walls with decorative plaster - 22 photos of interesting variants

Decorative plaster in the interior of the kitchen: photo of successful color solutions

Feature of the presence in the design of the kitchen of decorative plaster is its ability to significantly transform the interior, make it unique, by introducing various effects. It can be used in combination with other coating elements (tiles, wallpaper) or as a self-contained element. In this case, it is necessary to pay special attention to the selection of the required color and shade. In shops, decorative plaster for the kitchen is sold in two versions - as a ready-colored mixture or pure white, requiring the addition of a tone. If the tone of the purchased colored plaster is completely satisfied, after its distribution on the plane of the wall, it is sufficient to carry out only the lacquer treatment. If the plaster is white, a dye is added to it, capable of giving the desired shade (today there are hundreds of tones that can be given to the plaster). The paint should be chosen to be durable, which will be able to withstand wet cleaning and cleaning, it is also desirable that it is on water-soluble solutions without a smell. Here it is worth considering the nuance that after drying the color will become a bit lighter, so it is recommended to make several test smears before the wall is completely painted. Another tip: it is desirable to mix with the paint immediately all the mass necessary for finishing, as to achieve the second time the same shade is very difficult.

Decorative plaster in the interior of the kitchen, with the right choice of color, can visually significantly increase the area, give it coziness and elegance (photos of the most successful works are presented below). The vastness is achieved mainly with the use of light colors, however, if the room itself is quite large, it is worth making certain bright elements so that the kitchen does not look deserted. Do not use a monochrome dark plaster, as it will create a gloomy atmosphere. Decorative plaster in the kitchen of orange color can set an optimistic tone, give vivacity and vigor, green color will cheer up, and yellow - will make the room really sunny (most suitable for small blackened kitchens). Colors can be combined: white will look great with red, green with orange or brown, black with gold, silver or bronze. The main thing in selecting a palette is the lack of congestion. Finishing the walls of the kitchen with plaster of this or that shade should create a cosiness, cheer up and increase appetite.

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