Fat soot is a real enemy of a clean, well-groomed kitchen. Together with the ubiquitous dust, it forms a sticky, black coating, which is not easily scraped off. The formation of soot during cooking is neither avoidable, but to save white walls after repair and the surface of cabinets is possible. This problem is urgent for studios that have become popular, where the kitchen is combined with a bedroom or a living room, and the by-products of culinary experiments are distributed throughout all zones of the universal dwelling. One ventilation system to solve the problem will not be enough. She came to the aid of a simple, but effective apparatus - extractor. It "collects" any evaporation, fat and smells. If initially the hood was used exclusively as a functional technical unit, then later the designers made it part of the modern interior.
Remember that the effectiveness of the chosen equipment directly depends on the aesthetic appearance of the kitchen and the adjacent premises.
Apparatus can be conditionally divided into two types depending on the principle of operation:
Both types of hoods after power-up create a forced draft and in the literal sense of the word "suck in" the air. Flowing it is driven outside the apartment (on the street or in the general ventilation system). The lack of air will have to be filled, as they say, manually: open windows and doors. Otherwise, your apartment will start to get air from the neighboring premises, which is unlikely to please anyone. In the extracts of this type, recently filters have been installed, although they are already "driving" the entire kitchen child from the premises together with large particles of dust. From the minuses of the models: in the resting mode of technology, the duct is blocked, which makes it difficult to supply clean air from the ventilation.
Circulating machines are considered to be inventions of a new generation. The principle of their work is displayed in the title. Such extracts are equipped with powerful filters that form a two-stage purification system. The air inside the apparatus is cleaned in a special tank and returned to the room, so do not have to worry about constant airing.
When installing the circulation hoods, attention should be paid to the systematic cleaning of their filters, which are responsible for the efficiency of the entire system. If flow-through devices draw in polluted air under any circumstances, then in the circulation system the cycle depends on the cleaning wafers.
Performance and noise level
When talking about the performance of the hood, it is about the power of the built-in fan. This is an essential part of the device, which is responsible for the appearance of traction. The fan is located at the ventilation inlet or on the side. Its power is calculated from the volume of air that it can potentially purge per unit time. Fans work from the electrical network. In a classic hood, one ventilating part is installed, and in "advanced" models for modern kitchens, their number can be increased to two. Powerful fans provide high efficiency of the whole system, but have a notable drawback - noise from work. The higher the productivity of the hood, the louder it works. Systems with two fans protect the ears of the owners, because both parts can work half the power, and they will not yield to the efficiency with one fan working "in full". In such a simple, but original way, manufacturers decided to reduce the noise level without sacrificing performance.Read also: Small Kitchen Design - Interior Ideas
The length and width of the hood play an important role. Its dimensions should exceed the dimensions of the hob by about 10-15 cm on each side. Regardless of the power, the device will work less efficiently if the evaporation zone exceeds its operating range. Accordingly, before buying, make sure you make the necessary measurements to avoid getting trapped and not buying too little hood. Pay attention to the distance from the hob to the cleaning technique. For gas stoves, it should be at least 75 cm, for electrical analogs - 10 centimeters less.
The last advice is not just one of the fanciful rules that can be neglected. This is the basis of fire safety. At gas stoves the flame rises higher, warming up is carried out more quickly. If the hood is too low, it can easily overheat. Particles of grease, soot and dust accumulating on the filters are easily ignited, which can cause a fire.
Modes of operation
There are two modes of operation, like the types of hoods:
In the second case, the air is cleared of particles of fat by means of a filter and is removed from the room. Recirculation mode removes not only fat, but also smell. This effect is achieved by double cleaning through an additional charcoal filter. Then, clean and fresh air is returned to the room by the system. Circulating units are equipped in such a way that their modes are changed as necessary.
According to experts, the exhaust mode more effectively cope with air pollution. Although only one filter works, but the air from the "street", which replaces the remote one, is cleaner than the one that passed the cleaning procedure. After all, sooner or later, the owners, yes, forget about the timely maintenance of equipment. In such cases, it successfully "gives back" the accumulated dirt.
Household filters for private use by degree of cleaning are divided into two types:
- Coarse cleaning;
Although the market now offers filters that need to be periodically cleaned (metal), more convenient were recognized removable. When their life expires, the part is simply removed and replaced with a new one. The replacement system is simple, so even a philistine can cope with it. The first remove large particles: pile, dust, fat. The second work is invisible to the human eye. They retain the smallest aerosol particles and the remains of oil mist. The filters differ according to the type of material:
- Metal (cellular or mesh);
- Coal (porous);
In addition, in the modern hoods are installed additional components of the purification system, which allow the installation of a special climate control. They include regulated "catchers".
Ways to work
The extractor can work either in one mode or in a combined mode. The circulation models can only support either the recirculation mode, or else the exhaust system in addition. The type of work depends on the settings and whether there is an outlet to the common ventilation system or to the street. Flowing, as a rule, support only the exhaust mode, since their design does not provide an additional function. The control panels of the units are of three types:
The latter gradually disappear into the past. Buttons are still on the market among economical models. Sensory ones are considered modern, but even they are being replaced by so-called "pseudo-sensory" panels. They visually do not differ from the original, but their chips are more reliably protected.
The latest models have advanced functionality. It includes a number of additional options:
- Supersensitive odor detection system.
- On timer.
- Residual operation of the fan.
The system of recognition of smells is able to automatically turn on the hood even if the hostess is not around. She also with the mind autonomously manages the operating modes depending on the volume of evaporation. The timer allows you to set the machine to turn on for a certain period of time. For example, you put the soup on low heat, but decided to leave the apartment for half an hour.
After 10 minutes soup will begin to boil quietly, and there will be no one to turn on the hood. Here, the user will also need a handy delay timer. The remaining stroke of the fan provides additional exhaust operation after the cooking has been completed. At low revs, the fan will remove residual vapors and odors, and then automatically turn off completely.
In each modern model there are built-in lighting devices, which also differ in the types of lighting. They have long ceased to be a curiosity and are installed by default. If you want the dishes in the saucepans to look as natural as possible, then give preference to halogen lamps.
An enamel is considered to be a common material for making an economy class hood. It is convenient to wash, it is durable and resistant to mechanical damage. One of the most expensive steel devices are made of stainless steel. Steel not only does not yield to the characteristics of the enameled surface, but it also looks much more refined and richer. No less impressive look hoods made of tinted glass. Unfortunately, they will have to tinker with cleaning, because the material can easily be scratched. Also, the surface of the unit is decorated with wood or aluminum-based materials. In the first case, the technique looks harmoniously with a kitchen set from a similar material, and in the second it becomes a chameleon and easily reflects the color of neighboring objects.
What kinds of species exist?
Hoods are divided into three classes:
- Built-in (flat).
Depending on the location of the hoods are classified into:
- Wall mounted;
Let us consider each of the models in more detail.
Traditional (classic) or wall
The classical model, although it has a telling name, is not considered obsolete. The filling of such a hood fully meets modern standards. But its appearance casts a slight nostalgia and perfectly fits into the eponymous style of the interior. The traditional models include the angular wall hood. With the non-standard layout of the hob (with a bend in the corner), it is suitable for installing additional equipment. The corner hood not only looks original, but also allows you to save a lot of space.
The most modern model is built-in. Kitchen sets are usually already pre-equipped with special niches for such a hood. All that remains for the owner is to pick up the model to taste and mount it. It is quite easy to build such a hood. Often, they have "eternal" filters made of durable metal. They are not removed, but periodically cleaned. According to the reviews, these models fit perfectly into the design, but they may yield a little to their more cumbersome "relatives" in performance.Read also: Design of a small kitchen - expand the boundaries
Fireplace (dome) or island
Fireplace systems visually resemble the top of the hearth (dome), so give the kitchen an extra cosiness. For this type, there must be a separate ventilation duct in the duct. Initially, these units did not provide for the installation of filters.
The effectiveness of their work depended on the performance of the fans. Although the model seems obsolete at first glance, it is worthy of competition in the market for the most modernized types of hoods, and is still held in the top three. If the cooking surface is not under the wall, then you have to buy an island type extractor. It will hang directly above the stove and create the illusion of a piece of land torn from the mainland, hence this original name. Now it is fashionable to have a cooking area in the middle of the room, where it serves as a demarcation line between the two "worlds" in the combined rooms.
This type of hoods is popular among buyers and is distinguished by a high price. The main disadvantage of the design is a special care. Its filters are in sight, therefore, they must be constantly monitored for their purity, so as not to spoil the aesthetic appearance of the kitchen with sticky particles of dirt. Only in modern models, filter screens on the exhaust surface are closed with special decorative panels. The inclined hoods look stylish and fit perfectly into the modernist picture of kitchen decoration, but they are characterized by high-power operation. This will inevitably lead to a waste of energy.
Unusual solutions for different styles
Extracts in the interior are often used by designers as an additional stylish accent to the kitchen environment. If the materials of models are not particularly experimented, preferring glass, chrome surfaces and natural wood, the form opens up space for imagination. In the traditional design directions resorted to imitations of the first devices, which had large dimensions, but looked in the kitchen "grandiose". Modern styles allow for liberties: absolutely flat hoods, triangular, spherical, in the form of a chopped cylinder or a three-dimensional ring with a filter net on a beveled "bottom". Black, glossy surfaces can be combined with bright matte colors, and decorative panels that hide filters will look like catchy accents. In the same way as the furniture set, the hood was the subject of the interior, an additional touch of decoration, in which bold design ideas embody.
Extraction is not a luxury, but a means of first necessity. If you want to save the kitchen from cooking by-products, then you need to purchase this unit first. Hoods are installed in comfortable apartments, and in old Khrushchevs. The kitchen without this technique looks "lonely" and not well-groomed. The owners are unlikely to find time for permanent general cleaning, and changing the wallpaper every few months. It's cheaper to buy a hood, even if it's unpretentious. In apartments, the owners of which do not save, on the situation, it will become an original detail of the interior.