Design of a country house site on 10 acres - examples of

If earlier land plots outside the city were considered in the context of solely garden and vegetable garden, now everything has changed. Vast territories began to be purchased with the expectation of a full rest, and not just for harvesting. An important role in providing comfort began to play and the external aspect of the arrangement of land that fell into the hands. Presenting the design of the country house site 10 hectare, modern owners lay grandiose plans for its layout. Since this area is quite enough to implement the most ambitious projects.

  1. The form of the land. Not always the territory is characterized by regular geometric shapes. This can be not only a rectangular allotment, but also a L-shaped section. And some people even come across lands with rounded outlines of borders. Who will be as lucky.
  2. Features of the relief. In addition to the unusual shape of the site, the land itself may be uneven. It can have hills, ravines and natural water. And this affects the location of the house, engineering communications, the future garden.
  3. Type of soil. Fertile land allows you to dream of whole rows of fruit trees. Sometimes for this purpose it is necessary to deliver good chernozem, because the soil on the purchased site is poor (sandy or too clayey).
  4. The height of groundwater. The presence of natural springs on the site of life-giving moisture is an indubitable plus for the owner.
  5. Climatic features. Depending on the geographical location of the site, it is necessary to select suitable plants for planting. Hardly tropical trees can survive in the northern climate.

These factors must be taken into account when planning the arrangement of the land plot. Otherwise, confusion may appear, as in the example with tropical seedlings.

Site map

Possibilities of a country plot of 10 hectare

Owners have the right to decide independently what should be on this or that piece of land. However, there are situations when desires go against the available opportunities. In such cases it is customary to apply to specialists who can draw up an optimal plan for improvement. For example, on a thousand square meters it is quite possible to place the following elements:

  • Residential area. The structure can be quite large, with extensions and even a terrace;
  • Economic zone. Here you can place pantries, pens for cattle, summer kitchens;
  • Rest zone. Either in the shade of fruit trees, or on a site behind the house;
  • A zone for a garden. It can be both tree plantations, and vegetable crops in beds. A good layout allows you to place both at the same time.

However, no one insists on the need to attract a specialist. If you want, you can manage by yourself. To do this, you need a pencil and a large sheet of paper.

Open gazebo near the house Decoration of the territory by shrubs  Blumba in front of the house  Lamps and paths of tiles on the plot  Swing in front of a pond  Example of registration of a site

Recommendations for creating a project

In addition to their own inferences about the improvement of the allotment, there are also normative indicators that must be adhered to. We'll talk about them at the end of the section, but for now we'll deal with the site plan. For his sketching, you need to decide on the scale system, so that on paper you can see absolutely everything that is planned to be placed on the site. It is desirable, in the smallest details: the entrance to the house, the marking of garden paths, garden beds, etc.

For crop yields in the garden area, it is necessary to clarify the insolation zones and the wind rose. In the first case, you will need a hatching skill on the plan.

Rest area with flower bed

Attention! The thicker the shadow, the more shaded the area will be. In this case, the solar zones will be almost devoid of hatching.

Then it is necessary to calculate the location of groundwater, mark the points closest to the surface. Paving engineering communications and planting trees can only be guided by these geodetic indicators. Otherwise, water can ruin a tree, and a tree with its roots is communication. The level of the location of the soil will also play a role. The high humidity of the soil accompanies the low places. At the elevated level, a more dry microclimate will be observed. This is also worthy of mention in the draft plan.

When it is required to improve the boundaries of the site, the owners often face unattractive neighbor fences. Since it is impossible to remove them without permission, we have to wriggle out in other ways. Plant the curling greens, hide high bushes. There are many techniques. It is important only not to close the picturesque landscape, if it is initially in sight.

Original tracks near the house

Now let us recall the normative indicators. All objects should be located at a certain distance from the boundaries of the allotment. Let's consider some of them:

  • Trees and cattle pens must be at least 4 m apart;
  • Garden gazebo - 3 m;
  • Various bushes and household sheds - 1 m.

In any work on the improvement of the territory, these parameters should be taken into account. The landscape design of the 10 hectare site presupposes some rules, the observance of which makes even the specialists think.

Recreation area in the suburban area

Zoning of the square

Zoning refers to the breakdown of land into functional areas. It is necessary to place key objects in a practical way. For example, a playground for children is recommended to be placed on a small hill so that it can be viewed from afar. On the contrary, an artificial reservoir should be located in a lowland area. And an element such as a fruit garden can be planted on the northern part of the allotment. Thus, he will protect the whole earth from cold monsoons. And vegetable crops, respectively, are best planted somewhere inside the territory. The characteristic features of each object should be based on trivial logic. Flower beds are placed on level ground so that irrigation water and rainwater are absorbed by the root system of the flower garden, rather than flowing to the sides.

Read also: Pool in a country house: design in the interior and exterior

Plants on the site

Each piece of territory should be used competently. If the terrain is characterized by a hot climate, then planting shade plantations will be relevant for the southern part of the land area. This will protect her from the sunshine. Black and white borders suggest the possibility of organizing lush rosaries and ornamental plants. It is important to observe the growth perspective of all plantings. Otherwise, you can get an African jungle instead of a pretty garden. How difficult it is to take care of the first, you can imagine yourself. Therefore, the interval between all the plants should be sufficient.

Attention! Using wild grapes helps to hide the unattractive appearance of farm buildings.

Rest area with swings

For zoning, artificial and natural objects can be used. As the first often there are paths. They should provide access to all the necessary points. In this case, they do not have to be direct, like vectors. Tracks can wriggle in any direction. The main thing is for the owners to be comfortable. The optimal option for laying the alley will be one that does not cause a person's desire to cut the path. As natural objects, however, there may be differences in the altitude of the earth and water bodies.

It is extremely important to take into account the economic component when developing a plan. When estimating the design of the 10 hectare plot, it is necessary to compile a cost estimate. It should include the cost of all planned structures and plantations, as well as a certain amount intended for the care of them.

Gazebo on site

Soil drainage

Without the organization of an effective drainage system, owners risk putting the state of capital construction projects at risk. Drainage must work faultlessly in those suburban areas of the earth, which are characterized by a small depth of groundwater. Since the load on the ground, due to the placement of heavy structures on it, as well as the abundance of moisture at certain times of the year, can lead to flooding of all buildings. Therefore, the owners of the allotment should correctly install the drainage and storm systems. The basic rules of organization of the first include the following:

  1. Giving the slope of the drainage channels (enough for a couple of cm deep every 10 m);
  2. Absence of strictly horizontal pipes longer than 5 m;
  3. Control that there are no channels with reverse water flow in the system;
  4. Use as a material for polyethylene or geotextile pipes.

The storm system should cover the perimeter of all structures. It is installed in parallel with the drainage.

Pipes in the ground

Planting plan

After the planning of the main objects on the design project is completed, you can proceed to the stage of planting green spaces. For this purpose, notes are made on the document with the location of key objects: flower beds, greenhouses, decorative pergolas, lawns. This allows you to clearly visualize the recreation area in all its glory.

For this it will be necessary to compile a complete list of seedlings that need to be placed on the territory of the country plot of 10 acres. Also, when planning a landscape design, the conditions for the maintenance of all plantations should be taken into account. Since not all varieties can take root in a particular climate. No less important is the characterization of the soil, which was mentioned at the very beginning of the article. Such moments are taken into account at the planning stage, so that it would not be sad to say goodbye to the dead trees. It is better to plant suitable plants immediately.

Planting scheme

Landscaping plan

When the selection of the most suitable plants is completed, it is necessary to make detailed marking of their location. This might look like this:

  • All plants receive hatching with colored pencils;
  • Each variety is marked on the plan with a specific figure;
  • Opposite each number in the project the number of seedlings is indicated.

This method of sketching makes it easy to understand what needs to be done. And also quickly introduce the future view of the green zone. Now consider this scheme on specific examples.

Greenery scheme

Flower beds

It is not by hearsay who knows how pleasant it is to see bright flowers. Since early spring, their lush bloom can decorate the house territory, flower beds and house sills. If you pick the right plants, then elegant splendor can be admired right up to the first frost. Therefore it is important to observe the rules of competent planting and care for them. However, not always the owners have the opportunity to monitor the flower garden. In such cases it is necessary to focus on perennial flowers with an onion root system. They can be used as a hedge or a fluffy carpet for children. If the owners have time to care for the flowers, then the choice of annual plants will bring them a real treat every year.

Board of planks

Creating a landscape design on 10 acres, you can use the following methods:

  • Border. In the form of a curb, such perennial flowers as marigolds and asters will look good. It is also possible to decorate with one-year-old stunted plants;
  • Rabatka. To create it, a thick cover of carpet varieties of flowers is used. With the help of the latter, characteristic bands of beautiful patterns are created. In this case, combining colors (for example, wormwood with pelargonium), bordering the lawn, is welcomed in every way;
  • Mixborder. The most laborious variety of a flower bed. To create it, you need to use plants with a different flowering period. It is natural that the height and shape of the colors will be different. Despite the efforts, the efforts are worth it.

The original form of the flower bed A flower bed next to the house  Flowers along the path  Unusual flower bed design  Paths and flowerbed on the site  Flower bed in the form of eight

Trees and shrubs

At a given size of the territory there is a place for both fruit trees and ornamental shrubs. Before they are planted, one should study the microclimate of the soil, the insolation of the zone, the characteristic of the prevailing wind, and also the features of the relief. The appearance of the flowering garden will also depend on the density of the crown trees.

Attention! The priority for planting fruit plants is the northern part of the territory. Because this allows you to protect the site from the wind and leave sunlight for vegetable crops on the beds.

Trees near the house

Almost everywhere popular is the hedge of coniferous trees. This is due to the unpretentiousness of evergreens, which do not require careful care of themselves. Through such breeds as pine, tuja or juniper it is easy to get a shade in the summer, and at the same time to hide a street bathroom. Decorative thuja has so got accustomed in temperate latitudes, that every second restaurant ennobles its territory with its help. However, the owners of the 10-hectare landscape design project should study the properties of three varieties of this tree: single shrubs, stunted trees and medium-sized specimens.

See also: Landscape design of the site in front of the house

To single varieties can be attributed "Danik" with its meter crown in the form of a ball, a low "Dorrit Little" with a slightly smaller size. If the first species of needles look up, then the second - from the trunk. Therefore, Danik cut very rarely - she is already so good. The advantage of Dorrit Little in its low growth, which makes it easy to zonate the area of ​​the land area.

Trees and shrubs вдоль забора

To create a hedge, medium-sized varieties of tuya are often used. They not only decorate the landscape design on 10 acres, but also preserve the privacy of the owners. One and a half meter samples of the same Smaragda perfectly tolerate winter conditions. Unfavorable in the care and variety of Reingold.

Regardless of the choice of a species of this evergreen plant, it must be ensured that the right conditions are met. The place should be well lit, and watering - be regular.

Lawn and shrubs on the site Roses on the site  Fir trees by the fence  Shrubs in front of the house  Stamp trees along the path  Fir and shrubs near the house

Organization of pergolas and garden arbors

The arrangement of these garden buildings on a given site allows you to relax in the cool shade during the hot summer and enjoy a drop of rain under the capital roof. It is it, coupled with the window openings distinguishes the pergola from the pergola. Since the latter is characterized by a rather latticed canopy serving for decorative purposes. It is often decorated with curly wild grapes or other weaving plantations. It is also allowed to use hanging baskets with bright colors. Such a construction on the supports advantageously zoned the rest zone from the rest of the territory.

Flowerbeds and gazebo on site

The place for these buildings, as well as their size, must be agreed in advance. Usually they are placed on a solid foundation of concrete or tiles, in order to fix the supporting poles well in the ground. The latter are made of hardwoods or metal. This is to ensure that the building is not demolished by a powerful wind. The size is selected based on a certain number of people. Everything depends on the social activity of the hosts. Typical height for such construction is 2.5 m. A paved path from the main structure should also be brought to the pergola. The garden structure can also be decorated with stunted tuja or flower beds along the perimeter. Ideal option is the arrangement of an artificial reservoir with carpet flowers in a circle.

Arbor next to the house House with veranda  White furniture in the gazebo  Blumba in front of the gazebo  The bridge in front of the gazebo  Arbor in wood and stone

Advantages of vertical landscaping

Thanks to this tool, you can hide from prying eyes various objects, unsightly fences. There is also no doubt about the aesthetics of the winding hops or sweet peas. However, the most popular for vertical gardening is a plant - clematis. The variety of its magnificent forms and rich shades of dense foliage allows using the breed in the most original ideas. They decorate tree trunks, pergolas. Clematis protects from a little rain, gives coolness on a sunny day. Through this unique plant is also framed by bright alleys. Clematis serves as a soft background for colorful flowerbeds and rock gardens. There is a feeling that the flowers are on a green carpet.

Curly liana on the veranda

When planting clematis should take into account certain rules of operation. It is not recommended to ennoble this northern part of buildings, since a dense crown can retain moisture in the foliage. And this will contribute to the formation of fungus.

Clematis needs constant care, pruning branches and harvesting foliage. Otherwise, the plant can catch the communication and clog the fruit varieties of trees. The speed of growth of the lush mane is quite high. However, the colorful landscape, which is guaranteed by a hedge of clematis, costs all the effort it has spent on it.

Ivy on the walls

Arrangement of rockery and alpine hill

To emphasize the delights of the pristine nature, you can plan the construction of these decorative structures. In this case, everything is realistic to do by oneself. It is only necessary to get acquainted with the key stages of the creation, and then purchase everything necessary for their erection. With this you can cope even without the diploma of a professional designer.

The first step is to determine the location of the structure. It should be an attractive corner next to the recreation area. Then an artificial reservoir will please everyone's eyes without exception. Another point is the illumination of space. In view of the large number of plants around the source of moisture, it should be placed on the sunny side of the territory. This will also prevent seasonal flowering. From the damaging effects of groundwater, the effective drainage, mentioned earlier, must be protected. It will become a reliable barrier against winds and precipitation for the rock garden.

Well of logs in front of the house

Therefore, the first stage of arrangement of the Alpine hill must be considered the organization of drainage:

  • Creating drainage. To install it, you must provide a 30-40 cm deep in the ground. There it will be necessary to fall asleep claydite, coarse-grained sand and clay soil. Only after that it will be possible to proceed to the laying of natural stone;
  • Stacking of wild stone. Without this element, the rockery or the Alpine hill can not be imagined. Optimal selection of stones with an uneven surface. These can be samples of flat granite or limestone. The installation itself is done in a chaotic manner. First, there are large cobblestones, then small stones. It is more like a natural mountain landscape. Deepening between the stones should be covered with a mixture of sand, peatland or humus. After that, the soil should rest and get used to a new place for several weeks.

Attention! The more time to give the hill to settle, the better for further planting. The winter period is ideal for this.

Interesting design of the hill

As for the planting of plantations, here one should be guided by unpretentious perennial varieties. It can be coniferous trees, flowers typical for the area, as well as shrubs.

Read also: Design of a pond in the country by their own hands +50 photo

The creation of rockaria by their own hands is much faster. This is due to the fact that the rock hill has practically no vegetation, stones are required only one breed, and accommodation is possible in the shaded area of ​​the land plot. Unchanged is only the arrangement of drainage. Decorate rockery can be a falling waterfall or a fairy pond with water lilies of underwater lilies. Moist-loving flowers will become a real highlight of the entire recreation area. For the organization of such a garden site will require perseverance and patience. With competent organization and observance of all stages of installation, man-made magnificence will create a cozy and soulful atmosphere. Memories of visiting a heavenly corner will last a long time the soul of every guest.

Slide in front of the gazebo Mole in the flowerbed  Hill at the fence  Fir trees by the fence  Gnom na klumbe  Slide in front of the gazebo

Stylistics of design directions

Despite all the advantages of designing a site with your own hands, it is better to get acquainted with the basic design directions. This will help to avoid some mistakes, but at the same time it will allow to competently combine the constructive elements. It is not necessary to be an adherent of some exotic style to create a cozy landscape design. It is enough only to have an idea of ​​the conditions for its arrangement. Let's highlight several popular stylistics:

  • Regular style. The most eloquent example of design in this style is the Versailles Park. Its key features are ideal geometric lines, a harmonious composition with a theme center, as well as the presence of decorative sculptures and fountains. In order for this neat landscape design to feel the hand of a person, it is necessary to trim the lawn in time, carefully form a hedge;
  • Landscape style. The purpose of this design can be the creation of unity with local nature. A vivid example of stylistics can serve as an alpine design with its imitation of the mountainous terrain. The idea of ​​a natural landscape is not new, but it is always winning. The use of perennial evergreen plants, coniferous shrubs, artificial reservoirs is welcomed. Even better will look a stream in combination with multi-level flower beds. Optimal option is the organization of rockeries with wild flowers;
  • Country style. It is possible without special difficulties to create an attractive design using clay accessories, motley flowerbeds, wooden buildings and artificially aged pieces of furniture. The same fence made of wicker and the installation of decorative arba perfectly complement the characteristic landscape of the countryside. In view of its universality, this stylistic trend is used everywhere.

Path with lanterns to the house

Exclusive design ideas

Despite the fact that the owner has the right to choose a free style of design, his attention can also attract a certain theme. This may be a deviation towards the East, ethnic exotics, Mediterranean aesthetics. Methodical implementation of recommendations for their re-creation allows you to bring the appearance of the territory to the absolute ideal. Let's consider some examples.

Japanese garden

The creation of the Japanese version of the design does not require the owners of unbearable efforts. Here the main emphasis is on a harmonious combination of key elements. Their competent combination will be able to give all guests true peace and worldly happiness. The tranquility of the eastern garden has to philosophical reasoning, a long contemplation of living nature, a rethinking of difficult life issues. For those people whose profession implies active brain activity, the location in this recreation area will be akin to staying in a health center.

The waterfall next to the house

To create a balanced beauty will require a combination of three composite elements: stone, water and plants. If the first symbolizes invincibility, then life-giving moisture is the transience of everything. Plants are a fleeting vision of beauty within eternity. A harmonious form of these fundamental components is the bridge connecting the eastern gazebo and the neat pond. It is desirable that the relief look as natural as possible. Therefore, the formation of a hill during the excavation of the soil (during the arrangement of the pond) will only benefit the general landscape. On the formed elevation, you can plant a fern or coniferous tree species. If there is no possibility to equip a natural source of water, it is possible to imitate it. It can be a gravel of pastel flowers, laid out in the bed of a "dry" streamlet.

Statue on the site

Wild garden

The name implies imitation of the natural landscape. It is desirable to focus on the existing forest range or steppe color near the borders of the allotment. Use of seedlings of local flora will also save on the purchase of plantations. You can always use wayward ferns, steppe herbs and decorative weeds. Their interaction with the terrace of natural stone will invariably cause awe in the owners of awe. Therefore, it is worthwhile to focus on such varieties of flowers that will provide a picturesque meadow throughout the whole summer season. Relevant in this version of the garden will be wooden pergolas and decorative benches made of wrought iron. You can also provide for the organization of a campfire camp.

Path among trees

European garden

To boast to friends a European corner for recreation, will have to work hard. It is not enough just to build a masonry and shady trees. It is necessary to understand the art of modernity, guided by the laws of symmetry when zoning the square. Preference should be given to perfect rectangular shapes. As a local accent can serve as refined arches and elegant attributes of a bygone era. Antique sculptures, elegant fountains, gazebos made of wrought iron. When choosing between varieties of plants, one should consider the necessity of the predominance of one of them over others. It can be decorative cypresses, high bushes. Unlike other areas, the spirit of respect for the past and the pedantic order is important here. All tracks must be smooth or circular, but not tortuous. Fences - well-groomed and declaring about the status of the owners. With due diligence, the implementation of this option is quite possible with their own hands.

Big pitcher on the flower bed


The creation of a landscape design in the 10 hectare area presupposes some efforts on the part of the owners. If you want to organize a cozy corner with your own hands, then you should be patient and with the necessary materials. If you follow the above recommendations, the arrangement of a spiritual place for rest will happen quite quickly. It is important to consistently perform all the right actions, without being distracted by the uninvited advice of acquaintances.