Under the home hearth is meant not only a burning fireplace and a cozy bed, but also a special place for a comfortable meal. Breakfast, lunch and dinner are not just a joint meal for drowning hunger, but also one more way to unite with your family, to spend time together. In the old folk wisdom it is said that the beauty of the hut is not only in the corners, but also in pies. Fragrant dishes on a beautifully served large table, which hosts all family members and guests, a pleasant setting, soft lighting, a leisurely conversation - that's what a person really needs to relax. With the dining room in strong families are associated with numerous traditions that bring household members together. Design of the dining area is created not only with an eye on the tastes of the owners of the apartment, but also with special psychological methods of visualization, which can affect the appetite and mood of the trapezent. About how to beautifully and competently design this special part of the house, and talk in this article further.
Do not recommend to have a dining room away from the kitchen. The process of transferring dishes with dishes to the table and dirty dishes back to the sink will take too long, and this is not very convenient and practical.
In the kitchen
The way the dining area is located in the kitchen depends on the size of the latter. Ideal is an island layout. In this case, the table and chairs are at an equal distance from the kitchen set and walls. It will be convenient for the households to approach any place and there is no feeling of "tightness". If the kitchenette is small, then the dining area is located in a corner, close to the walls. To increase the number of "landing" seats, you can install a static sofa (corner). If the family is small, then enough and two or three chairs around the table. When placing the dining area in the kitchen, avoid using a large amount of textiles. It quickly absorbs odors and will require frequent washing.
In very sad cases, when the owners seriously think about what to choose: a refrigerator or a stove, since both units simply do not fit in cramped kitchen conditions, it is recommended to consult multifunctional furniture. The folding table and the "garden" chairs can easily be assembled and safely hidden in a decorative niche or pantry.
In the living room
The dining room combined with the living room is increasingly common. The hall is the largest room in the apartment. Its area allows you to fit not only the main functional area for recreation, but also to allocate a place for a table with chairs. As for the location of the dining area, it will be optimal to place it near the doorway. Trays with food will not have to be carried across the entire room, respectively, in the recreation area will accumulate less crumbs and debris. Zoning can actually be done (furniture, arches) or conditionally (color, light, different textures of finishing surfaces). Since the dining room is a fairly dirty area, requiring systematic cleaning, it is of course better to separate it from a real "barrier". If the living room is not as large as we would like, then use "air" partitions (screens, curtains, furniture is low or with through shelves).Read also: Kitchen design 16 sq m + 60 photo examples of interior
In a separate room
Отдельная столовая, пожалуй, стала мечтой №2 для каждой хозяйки. На первом месте комфортная кухня, где достаточно пространства для кулинарных маневров. Отдельная обеденная зона позволяет установить большой стол в центре комнаты, за которым с комфортом будут собираться целые компании. Также здесь можно разместить барную стойку, дополнительную мебель для проведения фуршетов или отдыха после сытного ужина. In a separate room и интерьер может быть уникальным, без оглядки на оформление смежных зон. К сожалению, возможность обустроить подобную столовую обычно появляется только у владельцев частных домов. В квартирах для целой комнаты под приемы пищи места, как правило, нет.
The furniture set will be the center of any dining area. If the dining room is located in a combined room, then when choosing its surroundings, they are guided by the stylistic solution of neighboring sites. For example, a plastic table can not be combined with an expensive classic set in the kitchen. This is "Moveton", but any furniture should be not only beautiful, but also comfortable.
Choosing a dining table
On average, the area for one person at the table has a width of 60 cm. It is enough that neighbors do not push each other elbows in the sides while eating. If someone from the household has non-standard sizes, then this area needs to be increased. Thus, before buying a table, calculate the number of people who will eat it daily, and multiply it by 60 cm perimeter for each. Do not forget to add a "stock" for a couple of guests and remove the useless area on the corners. Worktops can have different shapes: square, rectangular, oval, round. Creative models can have non-standard outlines. From the point of view of psychology, it is better to avoid sharp angles. Even if a square table was chosen, let its edges be rounded. This "softness" of the situation has a pleasant relationship and sweeps the internal psychological barriers at the subconscious level. The legs of the table can be located in the corners in the number of four pieces, in the center in the form of a "column" or form two end supports at the edges. The central location is typical for small tables. Classic versions have four legs. By type of materials, preference is given to:
- An array of trees. It is durable, has a rich range of natural shades and original designs. In elite interiors use valuable breeds which manage in round sums.
- Metal. It is distinguished by its durability and resistance to mechanical damages, but it organically joins only modern "high-tech" styles.
- Glass. It can be transparent or matt, with etched pattern. The material is durable, as for the production of furniture use tempered glass, which, with a strong impact, will only be decorated with a cobweb of cracks, and not crumbled into dangerous fragments.
- Acryl, conglomerate, natural stone. Materials are considered universal and suitable for both classical and modern styles.
- Plastic. Budget option for low-cost interiors. Ideal as a temporary solution.
Do not recommend buying a table even before the design of the design of the dining area. Although this element is the central, the main part of the furniture group, but it must correspond to the general style and be selected for it, and not vice versa.
Choice of chairs
The chairs should be combined with the table, but this does not mean that they will necessarily be from the same kit. Recently it has become fashionable to choose these details of furniture separately. Do not be mistaken that any stool that comes across is suitable for your table. In order not to miss, and the combination looked organic, be guided by the form. If the table is square, then the chairs should be the same. Rounded edges should also be repeated in each element of the assembly set. It is advisable to choose a table and chairs from the same material. An exception can only become a win-win combination:
- Metal and wood. A classic combination that is difficult to spoil.
- Stone and wood. Expensive and luxurious option, which is suitable for loft and chalet.
- Glass and metal. An original modern solution.
Also important is the presence or absence of upholstery, armrests and even backrests. Stools of course are rarely associated with a comfortable meal. But do you need padding and armrests - a matter of convenience.
Other furniture and accessories for dining room
In the dining area, in addition to the basic set (table and chairs), additional elements can be located. They include a large (shelves, cupboard, cabinets) and a small (shelves, stands, baskets) furniture. It is available for practical reasons, since additional storage space in some apartments is worth its weight in gold. But with a competent approach, a piece of furniture can turn into a stylish decoration of the dining room. The buffet is decorated with painted services, plates on stands, sets of glasses. However, do not overdo it and turn it into a sideboard, which was an indispensable element of the Soviet living rooms. Curbstones and chests of drawers are decorated with photographs or thematic pictures with images of fruits, vegetables and other food. For the mood on them put vases with freshly cut flowers. Walls are pasted with wallpaper with images of romantic landscapes or still lifes. Modular pictures from seasonings, coffee beans, cereals and other "loose" culinary attributes are suitable for modern styles.
The original solution will be the placement of a large slate with chalk, as in a cafe. On it you can write down wishes to relatives or notify the family about the menu for today.
With the lighting of the dining area, everything is quite simple. If the room is small, then above the small table hang a ceiling chandelier. It is necessary even in those cases when in a combined room its neighbor next to the culinary zone is already located. Sometimes lack of light is compensated with the help of wall sconces or high lamps on the floor. However, local lighting can not completely replace the main one, so it's better to stop at an individual chandelier intended only for the dining area. If the table is long, then place the group of lighting devices in a row.
In the color palette of the dining area, warm shades prevail. Studies have shown that they stimulate a good appetite and raise the mood. You can decorate the dining room by the principle of similarity or contrast. As the main tone it is better to choose white or one of the pastel shades: peach, pink, yellow, gray, nut. The role of the second color is chosen by his neighbor in the spectral circle. The third shade will be bright, which is acceptable, because it is used little (only in accents). If the kitchen window faces the sunny side, then you can dilute the natural "warmth" of the interior with blue, lilac, green, turquoise.
Style of design
A stylistic solution plays an important role in the design of any room. First choose a direction for interior design and only after that they are engaged in choosing colors, furniture, details of decor. Restrictions on the stylistics of the dining room in general there. However, it is often "tied" with the interior to the closest "in spirit" zone - the kitchen. This looks more impressive if the rooms are located next to each other. Among the popular destinations are minimalism, high-tech, loft, chalet, art deco, classic, fusion, ethnic, Scandinavian, Japanese, Oriental style and French Provence. Let's talk more about several variants of design.
In the classical style, the interior composition looks royally gorgeous and chic. This direction does not accept cheapness, imitation or practicality. Classic always strives for luxury, which is purposely exposed for show. The walls are pasted with wallpaper, richly ornamented with floral ornamentation. In the color scheme white, brown and its shades prevail. In large rooms set a massive, elongated table with rounded corners of precious wood. In the kit there are exquisite chairs on twisted, curved legs. They are upholstered in soft velvet or other expensive textiles. In colors choose deep noble tones or neat drawings on a gold, chocolate, bronze background. The decoration of walls is limited to hanging portraits in frames or landscape paintings. The ceiling is richly decorated with stucco molding, and in its center set a multi-tiered, heavy chandelier from crystal. The doorway is decorated with full columns or pilasters.Read also: Decorative panels for kitchen
The traditional dining area in the Gothic style resembles a strict palace dining room. The very one where the piglets, roasted on a spit, were served, the wine was drunk from cups encrusted with precious stones, and they ate for the songs of troubadours. In the spacious rooms, the ceiling is made vaulted and decorated with beams. The walls are decorated with photo wallpapers with engravings depicting heroic scenes from the life of knights. In simpler interiors, they can be draped with a cloth with a luxurious floral pattern. The table should be large, made of solid oak. The chairs are used without upholstery, with carved backs. If the table has the form of a rectangle, then several chandeliers in a row are placed above it. By the way, the light bulbs on them are arranged in such a way as to create a resemblance to the candlesticks, which in the Middle Ages illuminated the meal in the dining room.
Gothic prefers dark, gloomy colors, so style is not recommended for use in tight spaces, as the palette will play a cruel joke with the perception of space.
The dining area in the style of Provence has a special comfort and softness. In the color range white and pastel shades prevail. The windows are curtained with colorful curtains. On the walls are beautiful landscapes or an entire photo gallery of family photos. It is better to choose a round table, since Provence gives preference to soft lines. It can be artificially aged, painted in one layer of white over the previous tone. Before dinner, the table must be covered with a festive tablecloth. On the window-sill you put a pair of elegant vases with fresh flowers. The walls are pasted with wallpaper with a delicate, floral ornament. On the chairs soft upholstery of pink, turquoise, yellow, mint or olive color in a small flower. If there is a bedside table or a closet nearby, then they must be decorated with decorative plates on stands, miniature sculptures, vases, boxes.
Moroccan стиль относится к группе восточных направлений. В отечественных интерьерах он смотрится весьма экзотично. В центре обеденной зоны располагают небольшой деревянный столик. Помните, что восточные народы вкушают блюда понемногу, а большую часть времени тратят на философские беседы. Рядом с ним параллельно устанавливают два дивана с цветастой обивкой, которые сверху небрежно «присыпаны» декоративными подушечками с кокетливыми кисточками на концах. Окна украшают разноцветной мозаикой. На стены вешают разукрашенные тарелки и панно. Полы застилают пестрыми ковриками, сделанными своими руками. Если обеденную зону нужно отделить от кухни или зала, то используют декоративные перегородки, которые можно украсить тематическими узорами с завитушками. Оригинальным дизайнерским решением станет размещение групп марокканских светильников на потолке, которые подчеркнут восточный колорит в интерьере.
When decorating the dining area, you need to rely on only one rule: to eat in it should be comfortable, pleasant and easy. No pressure on the color of appetite, depressive mood or lack of space at the table should not arise. If this still happens, then the dining room was not properly furnished. Remember that the dining area or a separate room should be adjusted to a calm mood and stimulate the appetite, unobtrusively encourage to talk and bring together the guests and the household.